1.1 Momentum (2017 model year only), and1.1 Momentum (2017 model year only), and

1.1    
UK

The UK government provides incentives for the purchase of six
category of vehicles 44.

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Category
one cars are cars that have CO2 emissions of less than 50g/km and
can travel at least 112km without any CO2 emissions. The grant
considered for these type of vehicles covers 35% of purchase cost up to a
maximum of GBP1 4,500.
Category one car models include BEVs of: BMW i3, BYD e6, Citroen CZero, Ford
Focus Electric, Hyundai IONIQ Electric, Kia Soul EV, Mercedes-Benz B-Class Electric Drive, Nissan e-NV200 (5-seater and
7-seater), Nissan LEAF, Peugeot iON, Renault Fluence, Renault ZOE, Smart fortwo
electric drive, Smart forfour electric drive, Tesla Model S, Tesla Model X, Volkswagen
e-up!, Volkswagen e-Golf and FCV model of Toyota Mirai.

 

 

Category two vehicles have CO2 emissions of less
than 50g/km and can travel at least 16km without any CO2 emissions. The grant
considered for these type of vehicles covers 35% of purchase cost up to a
maximum of GBP 2,500.

Category two
car models include PHEVs of: BMW 225xe, BMW
330e, BMW 530e, Hyundai IONIQ PHEV, Kia Niro PHEV, Kia Optima PHEV, Mercedes-Benz
C350 e (with 17 inch rear wheels), Mercedes-Benz E350 e SE, MINI Countryman
PHEV, Mitsubishi Outlander (except Commercial), Toyota Prius Plug-in, Vauxhall
Ampera, Volkswagen Golf GTE, Volkswagen Passat GTE, Volvo V60 D5 Twin Engine, Volvo
V60 D6 Twin Engine, Volvo XC90 T8 Twin Engine Momentum (2017 model year only),
and Audi A3 e-tron.

Category 3 vehicles have CO2
emissions of 50 to 75g/km and can travel at least 32km without any CO2
emissions. The grant considered for these type of vehicles covers 35% of
purchase cost up to a maximum of GBP 2,500. This category of vehicles includes Mercedes-Benz
E350 e AMG Line which is a PHEV.

Category 2 or 3 cars with a retail price over GBP 60,000 are
not counted as eligible for an incentive grant.

Category 4
vehicles includes motorcycles that have no CO2 emissions and can
travel at least 50km between charges.
The grant considered for the motorcycles covers 20% of the purchase price for
these vehicles, up to a maximum of GBP 1,500. This category of vehicles
includes BMW C evolution, Energica Ego, Energica Eva, Scutum Silence S02,
Torrot Muvi, Vmoto 100, Vmoto 120, and Zero Motorcycles (all models).

Category 5
vehicles includes mopeds that have no CO2
emissions and can travel at least 30km between charges. The grant considered
for the motorcycles covers 20% of the purchase price for these vehicles, up to
a maximum of GBP 1,500. This category of vehicles includes Torrot Muvi City,
UGBEST e-City, and Vmoto Super Soco TS1200R. Category 5 vehicles includes vans that have CO2 emissions of less
than 75g/km and can travel at least 16km without any CO2 emissions. The
grant considered for the motorcycles covers 20% of the purchase price for these
vehicles, up to a maximum of GBP 8,000.

The government also provides tax incentives in
form of reduced taxation for company cars. Government also plans to spend more than GBP 600 million in the
period of 2015-20 to support ultra-low emission vehicle (ULEV) manufacturing
and adoption with the objective of 100% new ZEV sales by 2040. There are also incentives in the forms of free
parking and access to bus lanes 19.

The HRS
Infrastructure Grants Scheme funds projects via two streams 43:

 • Stream 1 (Upgrades): In  this stream, up to 100% of the eligible costs
for 6-8 HRSs is provided to upgrade those HRSs from demonstration projects to commercial
HRSs. The budget for this stream is about GBP 2 million.

• Stream 2
(New stations): in this stream, up to 60% of eligible costs is provided for 4-7
HRSs with a budget of about GBP 3.5 million. The applicant has to match the
remaining cost from other sources.

The UK government also provides incentives for
development of three types of EV charging facilities as explained in the
following 45.

·        
Electric Vehicle
Homecharge Scheme (EVHS): This scheme provides funding for the installation of charging
points at houses all over the UK. The funding covers up to 75% of the cost of
installing and is capped at GBP 500. 45 46.

·        
Workplace
Charging Scheme (WCS): Capped at GBP 300 for each socket, this program provides
subsidies upfront cost for the installation of EV charging points with a limit
of 20 charging points across all sites for each application 47

·        
On-street
Residential Chargepoint Scheme (ORCS): Local authorities using this funding scheme can benefit from 75%
subsidy for the cost of installing a charging point and a specific parking space
of an on-street
residential chargepoints. GBP 7,500 is the maximum amount of funding per
charging point that Office for Low Emission Vehicles provides 48.

 

Table 19 shows the number of charging points in UK from
2012 to 2016.

Table
19. Number of charging points in UK (2012-2016) 19

Year

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

Publicly accessible slow chargers 2

2804

5515

7431

8716

10736

Publicly accessible fast charger s3

36

176

481

1121

1523

Total

2840

5691

7912

9837

12259

 

As of march
2017, there are
currently 13 operational hydrogen refueling stations in the UK, while some are
reserved for University or research purposes 49.

Two types of FCVs is available for
purchase in UK (Hyundai ix35 FCV and
Toyota Mirai). Toyota UK said that 28 Mirai vehicles have been registered in the country as
of March 2017 since its launch in 2016 49. Table 20 shows BEV
and PHEV stock in the UK from 2012 to 2016.

Table 20.
BEV and PHEV stock in the UK (2012-2016) 19

1
Exchange rate for GBP in December 6th, 2017 is 1 G ~ 1.34 USD

2 Slow
chargers include AC Level 2 chargers (> 3.7 kW and ? 22 kW) 19

3
Fast chargers include AC 43 kW chargers, DC chargers, Tesla Superchargers and
inductive chargers 19