1. 2005) or that their roles or

1.     
Introduction

Nowadays,
while the development of society has
increased people’s awareness their
value,
they know who they are and what they deserve, unfairness still exists. Inequality
may come from race and background but it is not all. The most important thing
which should be mentioned in equality is gender equality. However, one noticeable fact is that although
almost people know about it, it does not mean that them understand the real
meaning under this word. The concept of
equality does not imply that men and women are the same (UNFPA,
2005) or that their roles or needs are identical. Gender equality
is human right, both males and females having the same right in opportunities, treatments,
responsibilities, social status, and they are free to develop their personal
ability (International Labor
Organization 2007, p. 48). It is not hard to find slogan “Acting
for gender equality” in articles and social media, but action speaks louder
than word. It should become a worldwide campaign that needs everybody join
hands and make it true. Fortunately, although almost victims of inequality are
women (Gender Equality and
Equity, 2000), a large number of men and organizations are willing to
fight for this campaign. This paper, with the purpose to raise awareness of
people about gender equality will discuss the importance of gender equality as
well as find the specific strategies and solutions to spread gender equality.

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2. Discussion of finding

2.1
Worldwide Status of Gender Equality

Women and girls represent half of the world’s
population, yet it is not surprising that in many countries gender norms create
disadvantage for them. According to Sustainable
Development Goals, 143 countries ensure equality between males and
females in their Constitutions in 2014, another 52 have yet to make this important
commitment. Although gender equality by definition is belief that both genders
should have equal rights and opportunities, almost women are treated unfairly
in many fields of economics, politics and societies. In fact, numerous girls cannot
approach education because some of common reasons such as poverty and child
marriage. As a result, many girls do not attend school, and every year nearly
15 million girls under 18 year olds are married (Sustainable
Development Goals, 2016).

Although in recent
years the number of women participating labor market has increased, barriers to
gender equality in jobs have remained. A study by Haralambos and Holborn
(2008, p. 123) shows that female workers 
accounted for 79% in social work and 73% in teaching while 71% of sales
managers and 76 % people working in in transport were male. Women are seen as
having few chances in jobs that involve science, technology, engineering and
math. They are assigned to unpaid works such as housewife and childcare. An
estimated the number of this workload workloads cost about $ 10,000 million in
global per year, and this figure was bigger than the sum of GDP of India, Japan
and Brazil ( Bich Diep, 2017). It is not only unequal working in kind of jobs, women
also have not achieved equality of pay. A research of Harvard graduates in US pointed out that average earnings in
2005 for women were $ 90,000 while that for men were $ 162,500. In full-time
jobs, average wages were $112,500 for women but $187,000 for men (cited in
Gaag, 2014). Gender inequality
does not only exist in aspects of life, the positions of women seem to be not
appreciated in politics. According Peters (2015), women just
hold about 25 percent of parliamentary seats in almost countries and many of
them manage on social sectors. He claim that “Even when elected, women are
seldom appointed to significant legislative committees or awarded the most
prestigious ministerial posts”. All of the above, it can be said that gender
equality in women is one of the most serious problems nowadays.

On the other hand, gender
equality is also an issue of the men. In many cultures, men are considered as
“breadwinner”, it means that they have to be “tough”. This attitude put burden
on men in responsibility for their family. In addition, in some circumstances
people did not mention to men right in gender equality, they assert that all
the victims of gender inequality are women. However, the percentage of man
suicides in Europe are four times higher that of women with more than 43 000
European men killing themselves every year and mental health services for men
are less than women ( Whitley,
2017). He also criticized that The
European Parliament Committee for Women’s Rights and Gender Equality ignored
men’s right in the report in February 2017. In specific, this report calls
equality for females to receive benefits and excludes to male’s right, it is
not true with the content of gender equality. Therefore, gender equality is a social
issue, both men and women need ensure that they are equal right in every
aspect.

 

 

2.2 Reasons why there
should be fight for gender equality

In the Declaration of Independence of almost
countries, equality right is
always mentioned. It means that equality is a human’s right, no one can
dispossess this privilege of other. Among these rights is gender equality. To accelerate the development
of economy, polity and society, it is necessary to ensure gender equality.
There is no doubt that gender equality brings numerous benefits for individual
and community.

With women, gender equality is a revolution that
rescues more than half of people in over the world. According to Rahman (2017), there has been incorporated between gender equality in women and sustainable
development goals of UN. Firstly, Gender equality will help tackle poverty. Women
account for 70% of “ultra-poor” people, so putting the end of poverty depends
mainly on them. Therefore if women and man are equal in work choices and
earning capacity, the percentage of poverty will decrease. Another development goal of gender equality is that helping people graduate out of
hunger. In many agriculture countries, women make up a large percentage of agriculture labor. If women
farmers have the right to make decisions about using land agriculture as men
do, they can support about
90 to 130 million people. In fact, women consist of more than 60% of the
world’s illiterate population, but this proplem can solve by implementating gender equality (Shields, 2014).

Not only bringing profits for women, gender equality also give many
advantages for men. Shields (2014) said that
males will not withstand the burden of being breadwinner and can empress what
they feel without worrying about looking down on of other
people. Besides, gender equality drops domestic violence rate when males care
about women’s rights and respect them. It can be said that gender equality is
the base of civilized society. “Without gender equality, no nation will see the
full capacity of its economy or education. No nation can operate at its fullest
when half of its population has no voice and no rights” (Shields, 2014

 

2.3 Suggestions to make gender equality a reality

Gender equality cannot be achieved if people just
say and don’t fight for it. Gender equality is not only a short space of time,
it is a long campaign which need to be done as soon as possible. The first step to achieve gender equality is raising
awareness for men. It is necessary for men to be educated to think and behave
properly to women. Some small actions such as man making rude comments about
women and harassment in public transports or social media promote disrespect
with women, it can trigger for a numerous of serious violation women’s right (Soloranta,
2015).

Moreover, both men and boys need to be
included in the movement for gender
equality. Gender equality will be meaningless if it come from one side. Males
should stand up to fight for women and for their benefits.

Another way to develop gender equality is using
social media. According to Herman (2015),  Mlambo-Ngcuka and the UN Women team used
social media like a tool to tackle gender inequality. As the result, #HeForShe
campaign succeed when it attract 150,000 Twitter followers, over 260,000
Facebook likes and endorsements of a large number of men in the world.
Mlambo-Ngcuka said “By the time I went to work at UN Women, I was very clear
that technology was going to be part and parcel of what I’m going to use to
reach out to both men and women in the world, for them to be part of trying to
solve the problems” (Herman 2015).

 

Finally, to promote gender equality in the most
complete way, it is necessary to empower for women in economy. Joshi (2016) claims that it will take over another decade
to bridge the gender gap. In this context, High-Level Panel on Women’s Economic
Empowerment will make some plan to solve this problem. UN Secretary-General Ban
Ki-moon states that “The empowerment of the world’s women is a global
imperative” (Joshi, 2016).

3. Conclusion        

Base on analyses in
above, the research illustrates the unequal problems that exist between males
and females in many fields like economy, politic and society. In fact, gender equality
has created advantages for both genders. It resolves issues that involve
poverty, hunger and illiterate population, and it also changes out date attitudes.
However, to make equality a real is more difficult than saying. Therefore, it
is vital to require specific solutions and plans to achieve gender equality.
Three main actions are then proposed from the research to help maintain gender
equality, namely changing men attitude, propaganda by social media and
empowerment for women. It is strongly believed that gender equality will soon
become reality.

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