First and foremost, mental illness has a variety types of
diseases. They can be positive and negative. But the most important things is,
how surrounding people treat people with mental illness. When too much
negativity, stigmatisation will be existed. This will lead to the bad
perception towards them and people will backtalk about them. Past examinations
have expressed that developing nations faces more disgrace, distinction, and
shame straightforwardly towards mental illness than developed nations. For example
in Malaysia. Malaysia is a developing country and rapidly changes in so many
ways. So, in between the changes, civilization will take place and stigma
towards people with mental illness will be worsen, or better. Therefore,
according to Seeman (as cited in Cheon and Chiao, 2012; Linz and Sturm, 2013;
Rüsch et al., 2014), disgrace and dread prompt social separation and results in
self-stigma, poor adherence to treatment social confinement, shirking of
help-seeking and poor health will lead to the stigmatisation.
According to Seeman (as cited in Cheon and Chiao, 2012),
there are some factors that are contributing to stigmatisation. Normally people
are always facing the same stigma year by year. For example likes training,
culture, custom and to wellbeing administrations will shape and create the view
of people with mental illness. All of these factors can be severe if people are
not aware. In light of these clarification, National Institute of Mental Health
(NIMH,1996) decide to accept that stigma to be the most depleting parts of a
mental illness. The result will be strengthening the stigma and make things
In proportion to Phelan (as cited in National Institute
of Mental Health (NIMH, 2001) announced that one of every five grown-ups
experiences a mental illness issue in a given year. Overlooking these numbers
and also the apparently expanded open introduction to mental illness issue,
numerous who might profit by treatment are hesitant to look for help. These
attitude will make people are not aware with this issue and lead to the
increase of number on the stigma and bad perception. According to Phelan (as
cited in Kessler et al., 2001), in the previous year they had review exhibited
came about that under 40% of respondents with psychological maladjustment had
gotten consistent treatment. Hence, by alluding to the measurement gave, we
could state that individuals will look for an assistance for mental illness
treatment because of defamation of other individuals.
According to Rusch (as cited in Frable DES, Wortman C,
Joseph J, 1997), stigmatizing mentalities will prompt a presumptions. Media
examinations of film and print have distinguished three normal misguided
judgments about individuals with mental illness. They have childlike perception
view of the world that ought to be pondered, they ought to be dreaded, and they
are defiant and free soul. Free factor investigations recognized that people
with serious mental illness are to be dreaded and kept out of groups. Referring
to Rusch (as cited in Angermeyer MC, Heiss S, Loeffler W, Kirschenhofer S,
Ladinser E, Schulze B, 2003) furthermore, dictatorship people with serious
psychological instability are flippant, so life choices ought to be made by
others and third, kind-heartedness people with extreme mental illness are honest
and should be dealt with. By referring to this past research, contrary
discernment towards mental illness will prompt the pessimistic demeanours from
other individuals. Authors give an early picture that psychological issue has a
major problem with the mental illness. This will give people a tendency to be
more alert and serious with this issue.
According to Seeman (as cited in Corrigan, 2000 and
Stuart, 2008), stigma can prompts mental trouble and prompts more stigma.
Impediments of social ability and eccentric conduct ascribed to mental illness.
The outcomes made it compulsory to mental health stigma disgrace in developing
nations as well as over the world came about to organize socially proper
intercessions. This means that social networking and also people need to know
and have a basic knowledge on how to treat and communicate to people with
By referring to Seeman (as cited in Pawar et al., 2014) there
are a few techniques that have been utilized to assess stigma, for instance the
employments of stigma scales, phone studies (as cited in Eurobarometer, 2014),
arbitrary inspecting by postal survey (as cited in Mirnezami et al., 2015), and
irregular addressing of gathering (as cited in World Health Organization,
2004). Besides that, there are few designs in diminishing stigma towards mental
illness individuals which will be examined appropriately in Literature Review.
So, people can imagine a bigger pictures on how the stigmatisation is work.
1.1 Problem Statement
According to Link and Phelan (2001), in the audit of the
social mental research on stigma, they recognized some parts of stigma. In the
primary part, a socially chose human contrast is recognized and marked. The
distinctions of larger part are overlooked with some human contrasts (skin
shading, sex, sexual inclination).
Shame includes the socially allotted mark and a
generalization. The attributes are regularly negative, for example, unsafe and
apathetic. It comes because of negative stereotyping and naming that includes
the detachment of groups such that “us”. They liable to utilize them.
At last and principal, stigma is related with dismissal,
status misfortune, prohibition and segregation. This parts of stigma which is
marking, negative stereotyping, and isolating are included by a gathering with
more social, political or monetary power.
In this examination nonetheless, in Malaysia itself,
issues on stigmatisation toward individuals with mental illness is critical and
wary. The issues demonstrates that the stigmatisation and misjudged data can
prompt the contrary stigma towards mental illness individuals. In this manner,
it is imperative for the normal individual to expand their mindfulness and data
about mental illness.