1. Focusing Your Topic
While you are assigned an
introductory speech, be focused to your topic. Work on your introductory speech
as per time limit. It is not good to cover too much in your first speech, be
simple and easy, as everyone can understand your language.
2. Developing Your Topic
Once you have, assigned speech
topic be creative in developing it. Think of ways to structure the speech so it
will be interesting and meaningful to your audience.
It includes, getting attention
of the audience and introducing the topic of speech.
This is the main section of a
speech. It includes, description of main points introduced in the introduction.
Supporting details to the topic etc.
This is the final section of a
speech. It can contain dramatic, clever, or thought-provoking note in the end.
It restate the main point relating it with supporting points discussed in the
The extemporaneous method of
speech delivery, a carefully prepared and rehearsed speech that is presented
from a brief set of notes.
You must rehearse the speech
aloud. Looking silently over your notes is not enough. Speaking the words aloud
will help you master the content of your talk. Once you have a good grasp of
the speech, ask friends or family members to listen and to give constructive
feedback. Do not be shy about asking. Most people love to give their opinion
about something, and it is crucial that you rehearse with a live audience
before presenting the speech in class. As you practice, time your speech to
make sure it is neither too long nor too short.
1. Starting Your Speech
When it is your turn to speak,
move to the front of the room and face the audience. Assume a relaxed but
upright posture. Plant your feet a bit less than shoulder-width apart and allow
your arms to hang loosely by your side. Arrange your notes before you start to
speak. Then take a moment to look over your audience and to smile. This will
help you establish rapport with your classmates from the start.
Once you are into the speech,
feel free to use your hands to gesture, but do not try to plan all your
gestures ahead of time. If you do not normally use your hands expressively
during informal conversation, you should not feel compelled to gesture a lot
during your speech. Whatever gestures you do use should flow naturally from
3. Eye Contact
During your talk, look at your
classmates as often as you can. One of the major reasons for speaking
extemporaneously is to maintain eye contact with your audience. If you have
practiced the extemporaneous method of delivery and prepared your notes
properly, you should be able to maintain eye contact with your audience most of
the time. Be sure to look to the left and right of the room, as well as to the
center. If you are too nervous to look your classmates directly in the eye, try
looking just to the side of each person
Try to use your voice as
expressively as you would in normal conversation. If you make a conscious
effort to speak up, slow down. Neither speaker had taken a public speaking
class before, yet both rose to the occasion by focusing on the basic elements
of delivery we have just discussed. Work on doing the same in your first
5. Dealing with Nerves
It is normal to be nervous
before delivering a speech of any kind you can stand up for your speech primed
for success. If you have butterflies in your stomach while you wait to go to
the lectern, sit quietly in your chair and take several slow, deep breaths.
Keep in mind that while you may be anxious about giving your speech, usually
your nervousness will not be visible to your audience.
Critical Thinking Questions
a. How does the opening paragraph gain the attention of the
audience, introduce the subject of the speech, and preview the main points to
be discussed in the body?
The introduction captures
attention and reveals the topic. By answering questions with the phrase
“There’s an app for that,” the speaker provides a creative touch that runs
through the entire speech. He ends the introduction by previewing the points he
will discuss in the body.
b. How clearly is the body of the speech organized? What
does the speaker do to help listeners follow the progression of ideas?
Each main point in the body is
clearly stated and discussed. As the speech proceeds, notice how the speaker
uses his favorite apps to provide insight into his life, rather than to talk
about the apps themselves. The speaker completes the body by explaining his
love of music. Information about activities and hobbies is often included in a
speech of self-introduction.
c. How does the speaker conclude? Does the conclusion
reinforce the central theme of the speech?
The conclusion summarizes the
speaker’s main points. It then ties the entire speech together by returning to
the question asked in the introduction and answering it with one last refrain
of “There’s an app for that.”