2. Other than the Holocaust and the dropping of the atomic bomb, what was the most important event of World War II, in your opinion? Why did you choose this one? Be sure to support your opinion with historical facts. The Space Race generated two of the most outstanding space programs as a result of the competition between the United States and the Soviet Union. Both countries focused great emphasis in their Scientific, technological, and economic systems resulting from a combination of national security and foreign policy objectives. During the Cold War both the United States and the Soviet Union engaged in a competition to see who had the best technology and who would be the first to walk on the Moon. Due to this “The Space Race (1957-1969) became a facet of the Cold War fought by means other than killing. Both sides seized on efforts toward the legitimate scientific goals of space exploration to win advantage and prestige over each other. The Russians gained the first victory, surprising the technologically superior Americans with the launch of the first functional satellite, Spunik (4 October 1957) (Pavlac 389).In addition to creating the first functional satellite, Russians then became the ones to send the first animal, man, and woman into space. By doing so this allowed the country to boast their advances to the world. In the light of this, “President Kennedy then decided to leap ahead of the Russians. He called on America to land a man on the moon by the end of the 1960s (Pavlac 390). With this objective, great minds were then recruited as means to create forces that would allow Americans to win the race. On 21 July 1969 Neil Armstrong became the first person to walk in the lunar dust-this allowed Americans to win the race. Although the moon did not have any value to the scientific field this proved our ability to move beyond earth atmosphere. Pavlac, Brian Alexander. A Concise Survey of Western Civilization: Supremacies and Diversities throughout History. vol. Second edition, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2015. A Concise Survey of Western Civilization. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nlebk&AN=960189&site=ehost-live&scope=site.