The United Nations has
previously attempted to tackle the grave issue through the establishment of
several UN entities which provide electoral assistance, including:

–       The Department
of Political Affairs (DPA) – the main UN body for overseeing electoral
assistance activities as part of peacekeeping and conflict prevention
operations.

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–       The Department
of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) – this entity typically provides electoral assistance
in the case of peacekeeping being dependant on electoral support.

–       The United
Nations Development Program (UNDP) – manages around forty to fifty electoral
projects per year, cooperates with Member States to strengthen their respective
electoral systems, and produces analysed, detailed reports on election-related
issues.

–       The Office of
the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) – provides support in monitoring
the up-holding of human rights in the context of elections and typically
provides reports on human rights violations related to elections.

–       United Nations
Volunteers (UNV) – provide a huge amount of support to electoral operations
through the providing of staff and selecting personnel.

–       The United
Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) – provides operational support,
logistical support and other types of support to electoral assistance to a
myriad of countries.

–       The United
Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) – educates
the masses on their political and civil rights in the context of elections, and
aims to improve the media’s capacity to provide unbiased coverages of
elections.

–       The United
Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN-Women) –

–       The
International Organisation for Migration (IOM)