The Cambodian
government surrendered to The Khmer Rouge in 1975, as their objective was to
transform the nation into a comrade agrarian utopia. In actuality, they emptied
the urban areas and evicted a huge number of individuals to work camps where
they were famished to death. The Khmer Rouge oppressed and persecuted the
educated — such as doctors, specialists, attorneys, and present or previous
military and police. Additionally, Muslim, Christian, and Buddhist were in
particular subjects targeted on. With an end goal to make a general public
without rivalry, the Khmer Rouge put individuals in aggregate living courses
and instituted “re-education” programs to energize the collective way
of life. Individuals were separated into classes that mirrored the confidence
that the Khmer Rouge had for them; the most reliable were called “old
citizens.” The pro-West and city tenants started as “new
citizens” and could climb to “deportees,” then
“candidates” and lastly “full rights citizens”; in any
case, most citizens never moved. The individuals who rejected re-education or
any law were slaughtered in fields and at the scandalous jail camp Tuol Sleng
Centre. It is assessed that almost 2 million Cambodians died in the 4-year rule
of the Khmer Rouge, with practically no objection from the worldwide community.

From that point forward, reconstructing the nation’s education framework has
been a top priority, and significant enhancements have been made.

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