“A an estimated 1.5 million people were“A an estimated 1.5 million people were

“A single death is a tragedy; a million deaths is a statistic” Joseph Stalin. Never has this been more true than in the case of the widely known Salem witch trials where 20 were executed, and the much lesser known Armenian Genocide wherein an estimated 1.5 million people were systematically exterminated. The book “The Crucible” written by Arthur Miller depicts the events of the Salem witch trials in almost historical detail. He used this topic to convey the “red scare” that America was experiencing in the late 40’s and 50’s, and how it was closely related to the witch hunts of the past. The Crucible portrays the salem witch trials, a classic witch hunt in every sense, though throughout history there has always been a hunt for those who hold unpopular views. Howbeit a topic that eludes most people is the Armenian Genocide (1915-1922) wherein many people of Armenian descent were exterminated by the Ottoman empire for the crime of just simply being Armenian. The persecution of those based on ethnicity and religion parallels The Crucible in the sense that the religious intolerance of the Ottomans, much like the Puritans, led to then attempting to purge an entire population of people.The Religious intolerance of the Puritans is uncannily similar to that shown by the late Ottoman empire. The Puritans had a very harsh interpretation on Christianity and believed that only a select few would go to heaven, and that your deeds on earth did not matter. Due to this they had very strict punishments and a very strict outlook on life, along with a staggering intolerance for those who had other religious views. In The Crucible Tituba, a slave from Barbados, is blamed for the problems the girls had been experiencing. In this case she is used as a viable scapegoat since she is from a foreign land with “evil” ways and practices “You have sent your spirit out upon this child, have you not? Are you gathering souls for the Devil?”(Miller 1260) Similar to this in WW1 Armenians, who were a mostly Christian people, were seen as infidels to the Ottoman empire and were subjugated to higher taxes and had very few political and legal rights. Due to this the Ottomans believed that the Armenians were most likely to side with the Russians and other Christian nations whomst the Ottomans were opposed to during WW1. This was partially true considering that it was viewed that if the Ottomans lost the Armenian nation would be granted independence. Many men crossed the border to fight with the Russians against the Ottomans, while others served in the standard Ottoman military. Small bands of traitors was enough of a reason for the Ottomans to start exterminating the Armenian people.On April 24, 1915, the Genocide began. “That day, the Turkish government arrested and executed several hundred Armenian intellectuals. After that, ordinary Armenians were turned out of their homes and sent on death marches through the Mesopotamian desert without food or water.” (History.com Staff. “Armenian Genocide.”) Similar to the situation in Salem, government officials were the first to light the fires of strife and enmity for those who were viewed as witches. Also similar to the book the majority of people in the Ottoman Empire were not concerned with the killings and even supported them. This was because the Armenian people were a minority who no one would stand up for, similar to a witch. Once the government officiated the killings they also created killing squads “to carry out, as one officer put it, “the liquidation of the Christian elements.” These killing squads were often made up of murderers and other ex-convicts. They drowned people in rivers, threw them off cliffs, crucified them and burned them alive.” (History.com Staff. “Armenian Genocide.”) In Salem they created court officials and had their own paramilitary force to round up the convicted for questioning.Another forefront of the events in Salem is the use of the trails for personal gain as seen in the character in Thomas Putnam. He uses the trials as a way to open up property to buy by accusing the owner. “My proof is there! Pointing to the paper. If Jacobs hangs for a witch he forfeit up his property-that’s the law! And there is none but Putnam with the coin to buy so great a peice. This man is killing his neighbors for land!”(Miller 1299) Similar to this when the Armenians were rounded up and sent on death marches, “Muslim families moved into the homes of deported Armenians and seized their property.” (History.com Staff. “Armenian Genocide.”) The Muslims also seized the opportunity to convert kidnapped children to Islam, and then would give them to a Muslim family. This genocide was used to further the gains of the majority while in turn exterminating those of the minority. Before the killings started there was an estimated 2 million Armenians in the Ottoman empire and “In 1922, when the genocide was over, there were just 388,000 Armenians remaining in the Ottoman Empire.” (History.com Staff. “Armenian Genocide.”) Judge Danforth in the play represents perfectly the modern day Turkey’s opinion on the matter. Judge Danforth is a stern man and utterly convinced to his cause and never believing that he might have made the wrong decision of that there might have been a hint of fallibility. “Is that document a lie? If it is I will not accept it! What say you? I will not deal in lies, Mister!”(Miller 1333) Even at the end of the play when Hale and Parris are even turned against the court Danforth is still a juggernaut of ideology and still executes John Proctor for simply not signing his name for proof of his conviction. Similar to this modern day Turkey, which is part of NATO, completely denies that the genocide ever occurred. However they also have never stated that they have done anything wrong. This censorship of the topic obviously proves that they have an unpopular opinion that they must keep to themselves. Since the Turkish are in NATO, the major nations of the world cannot force Turkey to admit to what it has done since they are an ally. The Crucible shows the events of a public hysteria which occurred in the town of Salem, a more modern and lesser known witch hunt of the Armenian people has systematically been removed from textbooks and mainstream history. The persecution and extermination of those who hold unpopular religious and social views draw a parallel between the witch hunt in the Crucible and the more modern Armenian Genocide in the ways that their religious intolerances led them to try to purge an entire population of people.                      History.com Staff. “Armenian Genocide.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 2010, www.history.com/topics/armenian-genocide.”The Ottoman Empire.” RSS, nzhistory.govt.nz/war/ottoman-empire/armenians-suffering.Melvin, Don. “8 facts about the Armenian genocide 100 years ago.” CNN, Cable News Network, 27 Apr. 2015, www.cnn.com/2015/04/23/world/armenian-mass-killings/index.html.Turkey, Republic of, and the Armenian Genocide, www.armenian-genocide.org/turkey.html.Miller, Arthur. “The Crucible .” PRENTICE HALL LITERATURE TIMELESS VOICES TIMELESS THEMES STUDENT EDITION GRADE 11 REVISED, 7th ed., PRENTICE HALL , 2005.Quote Investigator, quoteinvestigator.com/2010/05/21/death-statistic/.