Abstract e-waste generated annually, especially in developingAbstract e-waste generated annually, especially in developing

Abstract

               Rapid advancements
in the electronics industry have led to a variety of new products, resulting in
decreased life span of electronics, endangering environment and all living
species. The amount of e-waste generated annually, especially in developing
nations, is in millions of tons. It is the duty of all the nations to handle
this waste appropriately.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

               In this
paper an attempt has been made for analysing the present situation of e-waste
management system in India along with its hazards. This system aims to provide resale, reuse and recycling methods for
e-waste. It also includes aspects of e-waste management system that allows us
to make management system financially viable and socially acceptable.

               EPR
(extended producer responsibility) has been introduced for sustainable e-waste
management. The reuse of EEE has greater environmental and social benefits than
recycling as it increases the useful life time of the electronic equipment
enabling greater resource and energy efficiency.

Introduction

               Consumer
electronics has become an essential part of our daily life. We require them to
communicate with each other, retrieve information, for entertainment and for other
day-to-day activities. These devices include computers, mobile phones,
electronic equipment used in office, home appliances like TV, refrigerator,
oven etc. Some
components of electronics can be reused in assembling new products, while
others are reduced to metals that can be reused in applications as varied as
construction, flatware, and jewellery. 

               Industrial
revolution followed by the advances in information technology during the last
century has radically changed people’s lifestyle. Although this development has
helped the human race, mismanagement has led to new problems of contamination
and pollution. There is a need for e-waste management since unscientific
methods applied for recovery of useful components may cause health risks and
environmental damage.  There is a need to
encourage recycling of all useful and valuable material from e-wastes to
preserve the natural resources.

               Electronic
devices contain up to 60 different elements, many of which are valuable, such
as precious and special metals. Landfilling electronics is undesirable, due to
the fact that traces of precious metals including gold, silver and palladium,
and larger quantities of metals and alloys including copper, aluminium, and
steel used in electronics are not recovered. Recycling electronics reduces the
environmental impact of manufacturing products from raw materials, reduces cost
and waste, and also lessens the nation dependence on foreign imports. However,
there are many obstacles to recycling electronic waste which includes lack of
effective yet economic recycling techniques and lack of decomposition
techniques of hazardous substances.

 

 

 

 

Sustainability:

There is a grave need of research and implementation
standards for sustainable electronic product design, production and e-waste
management. Presently the sustainability problem for product design primarily
effects the environment and dwell less in the social, ethical and economic
sectors.

Following steps can be taken to improve environmental
sustainability:

·       
Government and private sector organizations
should invest more in the areas of green designing and development of products.

·       
Amendments should be made in national
regulations to ensure improvements in the economic conditions of the society.

·       
Proper estimation on WEEE generation should be
made

·       
Mass awareness about e-waste management and stressing
upon reducing, reusing and recycling of WEEE.