After WWII another major war known as the Afghan war started up and it was a fight between the Afghan rebels called the Mujahideen and the Soviet-supported Afghanistan government. The United States also took part and they were in support of the Afghan rebels with the intent overthrow the communist government while also containing communism in the belief of the domino theory.The Soviets justified their attacks on the Muhajdeen by calling it a defensive measures to make sure Marxist government could survive while also spreading their communist ways. This was also the main motivation they had when they invaded the country. Especially since the Soviets dreaded that Afghanistan might spread to Muslim Central Asian Republics of the Soviet Union across the country. The United States saw this and thought of the Soviets use of armed forces as a violation of international law since it was seen as a threat to US policy as well as their oil interests and sea lanes. So in 1980 the US, Egypt, and Pakistan began to provide military assistance to Afghan insurgents. In an attempt to stop the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan and the spread of Marxist ideology, United States started to train an army of guerrilla fighters to fight against the Soviet army. Initially, the Soviet Union was concerned that President Amin was in contact with the US. After learning about this the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan on December 24, 1979. Due to their beliefs, they executed President Amin and had President Babrak Karmal take his place. The war continued to ravage on for nine long years but didn’t accomplish much. During this time the war turned to a stalemate, with about 100,000 Soviet troops controlling the cities and major garrisons while the mujahideen were allowed to travel across in the country in peace. To combat this The Soviet troops tried to use various tactics to beat the opposition, but the opposition usually was able to stop or get away from their attacks. They also sent more troops to battle hoping for a quicker victory.Initially, the Soviet Army invaded Afghanistan with the intent to set up a communist government to replace the old Democratic government. To do this the Soviet Union spent billions of dollars during the war and had more than 100,000 soldiers fighting. Although they had great numbers the Afghan freedom fighters were supported by many other countries, most notably the United States. The war dragged on for a long period of time and in the end, the mujahideen won and the Soviet Army was forced to withdraw from Afghanistan. The resistance was seen as a success since the Soviets were forced the withdraw from the countryThe war ended when Mikhail Gorbachev became the leader of the Soviet Union. To end the war he attempted to send more Soviet troops to battle hoping for a quicker victory. This plan was futile since by 1988 Gorbachev realized that the was was taking a toll on the Soviet economy. Upon seeing this he signed a peace treaty to end the war. The main turning point in the war though was when the United States provided the Mujahideen with missiles which allowed them to shoot down Soviet helicopters. At the end of the war it was estimated that 15,000 Soviet troops were killed in the war, while over 1 million Afghanis died from the war. With most being civilian casualties. Around 5 million people fled the country of Afghanistan during the war either going to Pakistan or Iraq. Due to this war, Afghanistan became one of the poorest nations in the world after the war was over.The Soviet invasion had a devastating effect on the Afghan people and these are some of their short-term impacts. Throughout the war the population was a major factor in helping the resistance, whether if it was feeding or housing the mujahidin. The Soviets soon saw this and decided to remove them from the battle site. To do this the Soviets bombed and destroyed entire villages, while also leaving millions either dead, homeless, or starving. Refugee camps in Peshawar quickly became overcrowded, unsanitary and insufficiently supplied. Thus causing many refugees to flee. The invasion didn’t fulfill what the Soviets hoped would and instead it costed them many casualties, money, and have many long term-impacts in Afghanistan that can still be witnessed today. After the Soviet Union collapsed Kabul fell to the mujahideen in 1992. The problem was that the mujahideen groups could not agree on to distribute the power and this lead to a civil war. Soon another group known as the Taliban marched into Kabul in 1996 and took control of the country. Later leading to a civil war and due to the whole invasion Afghanistan was never really able to recover and are still one of the poorest countries in the world. Their depleted economy is one reason to prove this statement as well as some of the country is still in ruin from the bombings and attacks on the civilian population. I also read that this was was seen as a foundation for terrorist attacks, with one reason being the weapons the United States supplied Afghanistan with.