An moving in (Bretherton, Inge. U Wisconsin,An moving in (Bretherton, Inge. U Wisconsin,

An attachment has evidenced to be the most developmental design to be investigated at all (Sroufe, L. A., Egeland, B., Carlson, E., & Collins, W. A.2005). Bowlby declared that humans inherent the psychobiological system while they are born which indeed prompts them to be close to their significant other or attachment figure when in times of need (Mikulincer, M., & Shaver, P. R.2005), John Bowlby’s attachment theory approach was constructed from developmental psychology, psychoanalysis, information processing. To sum up, attachment theory means a passionate and devoted bond that exists between two people, it is being identified as having the desire to be with the other person and loving them, and it represents an internal state within the individuals (Cicirelli, V. G.1982). It focuses on the infant-caregiver attachment system in safeguarding the infant throughout the development period (Ryan, Richard M., Brown, Kirk Warren, Creswell J, David. 2007). Attachment theory is also very commonly termed as a behavior system, which is immediately activated when an infant or an individual feels like the situation they are in, is dangerous or stressed or when they feel threatened (Howe, D. 2011). Bowlby named attachment theory as a compound relation of attachment feelings and behavior (Hazan, C., & Shaver, P. (1987). His thesis involves that it is essential for an infant to be attached to a mother figure it may not be a birth mother necessarily but anyone who plays the role of a caregiver (Ainsworth, Mary S.U Virginia, Charlottesville.1979). Attachment relationship between an infant and caregiver is achieved through corresponding coordination, and hence each attachment is unique (England, M. & Sroufe, L. A.1992). Attachment theory is the joint effort of John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth, Bowlby found the basics of the assumption and Ainsworth is responsible for expanding the approach and the new direction it is moving in (Bretherton, Inge. U Wisconsin, Madison, US.1992). Studies show that from infancy to early adulthood attachment security can be well balanced and if changes occur those are regarding the changing family environment (Waters, E. Weinfield, N.S, Hamilton, C.E.2000).A person, when revealed to psychological or, physical threat which triggers and activates the attachment behavioral system in order to seek support from their attachment figure, attachment behavior in adulthood, can be activated by interpersonal or employment relationships and deactivates when an individual receives social support, Nonetheless an individual’s attachment behavior becomes hyperactivated or suppressed when the social support is missing or not consistent. In time the negative and positive social support events result in the emergence of relationships which is also termed as attachment styles (Yip, J., Ehrhardt, K., Black, H., & Walker, D. O. 2017).  Ainsworth studies classify that there are three styles of attachment:  Secure attachment refers to the infant’s trust on the caregiver to bestow well-being and blossom a loving and warm relationship it even allows the child to explore the environment he is in, Avoidant attachment relates to infants not being concerned of the caregiver’s absence or presence in this type of relationship the infant only shows minimal levels of attachment, therefore, this kind of relationship may cause the child to be emotionally detached, and Ambivalent or Resistant attachment refers to infants being distressed when the caregiver is not present and becoming anxious in the presence of a stranger, hence because of the caregivers abandonment the infant develops a fearful relationship (Goldberg, S. 2014). A recent study has provided evidence for all the three attachment styles such as (1) A person with a secure attachment associated with a positive and stable long-term relationship. (2) An individual with avoidant attachment indulges in a less appealing intimate relationship. (3) An independent with ambivalent attachment is categorized as negatively related to all favorable attributes of a relationship (Feeney, J. A., & Noller, P.1990). Bowlby conceptualized that the infant’s early attachment relationship influences the relationships in future because the child advances his thinking of what other individuals are like from his first relationship with his caregivers. An individual usually forms an inner mental model of themselves and a pattern of significant others based on the vacancy and receptivity of others and self-worthiness and self-competence, the internal working model is also said to guide avoidant behavior in times of stress and build expectations (Seifge-Krenke, O., & Beyers, W.2005). The humankind who are raised with a secure attachment style grow mental models of themselves to have a high level of self-esteem, being affectionate and pleasant in nature and overall competence and their significant others to be truthful, dependable and have good intentions. Individuals raised with an anxious attachment style are drawn to possess mental models of themselves as being less confident about oneself, being misinterpreted, and of their significant others as undependable, and resistant to a commitment of permanent relationships. Those who display avoidant attachment style develops typically a mental model of themselves as distant, being doubtful and of their significant others as being impatient to commit themselves to a relationship and being unreliable (Simpson, J. A. 1990). (Bartholomew, K., & Horowitz, L. M. 1991)Young adults who possess a secure attachment view themselves as comparatively less stressed, and their partner as supportive, individuals with avoidant attachment view themselves as non stressed and their partners as unsupportive, Resistant-anxious attachment adults see themselves as distressed and their partners as supportive.Infants begin to gather day-to-day information of their caregiver’s aptness to be responsive and available to their needs for physical contact (Dykas, M. J., & Cassidy, J. 2011). It should be understood that the attachment system is progressive and is developing very quickly hence it allows the infants to get attached to others like siblings, second caregiver and other people as the life cycle expands with the fundamental nature of attachment remaining same (Harvey, M., & Byrd, M. (2000). Evidence proposes that child attachment figures and adult attachment figures share the same characteristics such as: (1) they act as a secure base for them. (2) They provide a place of refuge in times of difficulty. (3) Provide support (Berscheid, E. S., & Regan, P. C. 2016). After the caregivers, spouse in the adult relationship plays the primary figure of attachment and vital source of comfort and security for a massive number of adult populations. Closeness to an attachment figure or spouse in an adult relationship helps in dealing with anxiety and fear due to helplessness and meaningless relationship in the past (Johnson, S. M. 2003).   Attachment in the period of adolescence is insecure because adolescent makes enormous efforts to become less dependent on the primary caregiver (Cassidy, J.,& Shaver, P.R. Eds. 2002). Attachment behavior in adulthood cannot easily have a overwhelming effect on the behavior of a person as it does in infancy, adults can sustain oneself for longer separation intervals from their partner (Trinke, S. J., & Bartholomew, K. 1997). In adult relationships an individual can proceed towards their significant other in the time of stress for help and emotional support upon receiving the assistance they return to their normal state. Secure relationships result in both the partners to be empathetic to each other’s emotional state, feelings and thoughts (Karakurt, G., Silver, K. E., & Keiley, M. K. 2016). In many relationships violence may be noticed as a result of insecure attachment (Buck, N. M., Leenaars, E. P., Emmelkamp, P. M., & van Marle, H. J. (2012).Research says that an attachment experience once generated helps an individual to foresee and control the stressful situations which may arise in the near future with their significant other (Seifge-Krenke, O., & Beyers, W.2005). (Sroufe, L. A., Carlson, E. A., Levy, A. K., & Egeland, B.1999). In the above studies, its shown that child’ first interaction with its caregiver helps in building future relationships, but it’s argued that a child’s early experiences aren’t the only ones that matter it is his surrounding and influencing environment that plays a major role too in developing a child’s future relationship. Hence this study concludes that researchers have been investigating that based on an individual’s past relationships emotional, and behavioral characteristics of avoidant attachment, secure attachment and anxious or ambivalent attachment it may influence his future relationships as adolescence and a young adult. Individuals were asked which of the attachment style defines their perspective of relationships. Securely attached people have overall said that they find it comparatively easy to get attached to their significant other, and they are confident turning to others without worrying about being forsaken or being emotionally attached to them, avoidantly attached individuals specify that they find it hard to completely depend and trust other people, they tend to be uncomfortable getting close to others, Anxiously attached individual depict that they constantly keep thinking and worrying about their partners leaving them or not loving them enough, and very often they become too close to their romantic partners. Several hypotheses can be generated about the attachment relationships through the age cycle (Simpson, J. A.1990).