As from England. In America, the firstAs from England. In America, the first

As as have been asserted before, newspaper is a result of cumulative historical result. In other words, it is not always the way it is today, as in the past. History had witnessed how rudimentary form of newspaper took place. During the period of the Roman civilization around 59BC, information pertaining to daily events were disseminated through news sheet known as “Acta Diurna” by Julius Caesar. The news sheet were posted in public space and edifices. In 16th century Britain, young Englishmen hired correspondents to write them court gossips on regular basis. The idea of newspaper is as old as the humanity itself. In 1447, Johann Guternberg invented the printing press. The result was great acceleration in the development of newspaper as they are today. At the particular time, it allowed for “free exchange of ideas and spread of knowledge”. By 15th century in Germany, the earliest newspaper were already circulated around the cities. But only in the latter half of 17th century that it’s publication became familiar. During these period, West Europe thrived with newspapers. Each country possessed newspaper of their own. Relation 1605 from Germany, Gazzete 1631 from France, Nieuwe Tijdingen 166 from Belgium and London Gazzete from England. In America, the first newspaper was the Boston Newspaper. Initially, newspaper served as gossip-collecting instruments. Latter, it gradually shifted into what is known as the “journal of opinion”. As it was politicized, newspaper somewhat substituted the role of the political pamphlet. Another shift occurred however as newspaper began to gravitate towards local matter. Newspaper received lukewarm reception from the government for the latter highly censored the former to curb the possibility of citizens turning into rebellion against them. In 1844, newspaper industry underwent another major development with the invention of telegraph. Information from this period onwards were transferable in a matter of minutes. This pushes the newspaper, at the time of 19th century at the central position in ensuring and capturing the flow of information. Such a period is coined as “the golden age of print media”. At the time, one saw the rise of publishing empire owned by media barons such as William Randolph Hearst, Joseph Pulitzer and Lord North Elitte.