As in the year 1964, a planning

As
we know that planning process and evaluation are inter-related. For studying
the evolution of evaluation methods in planning field, let us first study the
evolution of planning legislation, which will provide a base for understanding
the evaluation required in planning. The planning legislation of UK is the
oldest one to study. The first enactment in Uk was The Public Health Act, 1848.
Here problem areas were identified and accordingly the public facilities were
provided. The first enactment to deal with Town Planning was The Housing and
Town Planning Act 1909. As per this act Town Planning schemes were made. So,
awareness regarding planning activity can be considered to be started from 20th
century. In 1925, an independent Town Planning Act was enacted without the
addendum of housing, so it can be said that the vision regarding planning was
broaden up from house to town. In 1932, The Town and Country Planning Act was
enacted. The word country was added for the first time. In other words vision
was again broadened up from town to region planning. Industrial development was
the main reason behind it, as insanitary conditions and slum developments
occurred due to migration of rural population to urban areas. In the year 1947
The Town and Country Planning Act was updated and for the first time
development plans were introduced, which were to be revised after every five
years. Then during 1950’s and 1960’s there was a need for a more flexible and
continuous planning procedure that cope more effectively with rapidly changing
circumstances. Physical planning was seen as an integral part of land response
to social and economic needs. Public was dissatisfied with local authorities as
it was not involved anywhere in the planning process and needed to be involved
fully. So, in the year 1964, a planning and advisory group (PAG) was
constituted which submitted its report in the year 1969. As per PAG report the
existing development plans lacked clear policies and presented too definite
landuse plans for a long period of time that is for 20 years. Moreover the
planning process was also very cumbersome. Rather than giving guidelines to the
planning policies, unnecessarily too much detailing used to be given. Public
was not been involved in the planning process. So, the group recommended a new
planning procedure in which plans were prepared at two levels- an overall
strategic policy level and at a local tactical level. So, the new development
plans based on this concept consisted of structure plans for urban areas and
countries. Long term landuse and transport policies in a shape of written
document were given avoiding unnecessary details. Moreover the areas where
action was likely to take place were defined. So, the planning process took a
practical shape and new elements were added to improve its effectiveness. The present work is related to the improvement
of plan making process with the help of evaluation. For this purpose there is a
need to study the transformation of evaluation techniques applied on individual
projects, policies and plans and then use those techniques in the plan making
process to improve its effectiveness. 

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