As the journalists and writers that focusedAs the journalists and writers that focused

As a final point, charactering the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina still represents a complex challenge for scholarly works. Most of the journalists and writers that focused their literature on this issue demonstrated that it is a misleading to associate this burden on one factor because there was an interrelated such as ethnic, non-ethnic motivation but also the interference of the neighboring countries (namely Serbia and Croatia). Thus, it is the only way to give a complete picture of what has occurred in B-H. More importantly, once events have occurred there is nothing that can be done to change them. The dissolution of Yugoslavia was not immediate, just as the war which spread to Bosnia did not begin overnight. The progression towards war was a gradual one, and therefore it would be wrong to blame one or two persons (such as Milosevic or Tudjman). The way that the UN, NATO, and the rest of the international community have managed the war was far from the reality and did not fit the war. During a time that the Cold War has just ended, the only superpower, the United States, and specifically the Bush and then Clinton administrations, became complicit to the UN’s inaction by not reasoning harder with those in charge in the UN, or more simply, not being interested enough to really care what was happening in former Yugoslavia. Unilateral action would never have worked, and the U.S. and other countries have seen what can happen when they choose to take the burden entirely on themselves. However, injustices were taking place with the full knowledge of the nations that held positions as peacekeepers in Bosnia, and they continued for nearly four years without significantly being checked. Genocide again transpired on Europe’s soil, and the leaders of the intervening international bodies allowed it to happen. All in all, the world failed to successfully bring about a swift end to the Bosnian War which allowed Europe to experience genocide once more on its soil. Though prepared to intervene in regional conflicts and possessing the means to act with strength, the international community, especially its European members, lacked unity and the resolve to punish the aggressors. Thus, hostilities escalated without restraint, and the intervention was initially rendered impotent. Despite the establishing of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (I.C.T.Y) formed to end the impunity of the perpetrators of mass atrocities, and was the first tribunal to prosecute genocide. It also has given survivors of rape, torture, and other heinous crimes the opportunity to tell their stories of what they experienced and what happened to their loved ones and be heard. The division of the Bosnian society whether they are Christians or Muslims will continue as long as there will be the lack of reconciliation. Samantha Power, the U.S. Ambassador to the UN has stated this by saying that “so long as the truth is denied…there can be no meaningful reconciliation” Bosnia’s importance now resides in its place in history as an event which can be learned from in order to ensure that other such conflicts never happen again. The war in Bosnia took terrible toll, both on the people of that small country and on the international institutions whose intervention efforts were so problematic. Nothing can change that history. But by better understanding what happened, and specifically by bringing the tools of science to bear (in addition to the more common methods of journalism and history), we hope to contribute to the better management of future regional conflicts.