As with tools which help in assessing

As we know that sustainable buildings are more than ecological, energy
efficient buildings. There are aspects such as aesthetics, planning and
management and socio-cultural factors which are also an integral part of
sustainable architecture. All these factors make it difficult to implement
rigid principles in sustainable buildings.

In recent years, various organizations have come up with tools which help
in assessing these buildings with regards to social, economic and ecological
aspects.  These tools are used for
assessing the buildings as an entire system as well as they provide planning
aids so that the entire project could be planned in a sustainable way from the
beginning. These certifications not only provide quality assurance to the users
but also increase the value of the building financially.

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Apart from guidelines provided by local legislative bodies there are
more than 600 assessment tools world-wide to assess the sustainability of the
building (Ebert et al, 2011). These guidelines have been designed as per the needs
of individual nation and therefore are designed to consider the climatic, social
and legal situations in the country. Some of the most internationally recognized
systems are BREEAM (UK), LEEDS (USA), DGNB (Germany) and HQE (France).  Out of these BREEAM and LEED are the most
established internationally.

LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) was developed by
USGBC to provide building owners and developers with a framework to design and
build in a sustainable way. LEED rating system is available for variety of buildings
such as new buildings, existing buildings, schools, hospitals etc. Originally the
system was made to be used in USA only but is now used internationally. LEED is
point based system awarded in different categories such as Sustainable sites,
water efficiency, energy and atmosphere, material and resources, indoor
environment quality, regional priority and innovation and design. The aim of the
rating system is to protect the site and environmental resources, promote
energy efficiency, improve the indoor environment for the users and support innovations
to increase the sustainability of the building. The rating is awarded on a scale
ranging from ‘Silver’ to ‘Gold’ to ‘Platinum’.

4. Link between intelligent and sustainable buildings

In order to understand the link between intelligent and sustainable buildings
one must understand the purpose behind both. An intelligent building is one
that uses both technology and process to create a facility that is safer and
more productive for its occupants and more operationally efficient for its
owners. It exhibits key attributes of environmental sustainability to benefit
present and future generations. Each building is unique in its missions and operational
objectives, and therefore, must balance short and long-term needs (Frost and
Sullivan, 2009). An intelligent building in its purpose is very similar to the
parameters of sustainability in environmental, economic and social context as
described by Elkington. To further understand the link, one must study how the intelligent
buildings help in achieving these parameters.

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