on Carl Fredricksen: Carl was a 9 year old, quiet, boy had always idealized a
famous explorer. He eventually friends an girl, Ellie, who also idealizes the
same explorer. They eventually become best friends, making plans for the future
to travel the world together, specifically Paradise Falls. They end up marrying
each other and eventually find out they ae unable to have kids. Despite this,
they put all their extra money towards Paradise Falls. Once their dream was
able to become a reality, Ellie becomes sick with an illness and dies of old
age. This leaves Carl alone in his old house.
The city was going through
construction changes, offering Carl money to move out of his house and go into
a retirement home. Carl always wanted to keep him and Ellie’s dream alive, so
he tied 10,000 helium balloons to his house and sets sail for Paradise Falls.
Carl then realizes that Russell, a wilderness explorer, was on his porch during
takeoff. At first, Carl does not like Russell and finds him very annoying. But
as they spend more time together, Carl realizes how much he loves and cares for
1. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs: the
first level is psychological, which is breathing, eating food, drinking water,
and sleeping. The second level is safety and security, which is the security of
their body, employment, having resources, family, and mental and physical
health. The third level is love/ belongingness, which is friendship, family,
and sexual intimacy. The fourth level is esteem, which is self-esteem,
self-confidence, feeling of achievement, respect of others, self-worth, and
recognition from others, which helps with competence. Lastly, the fifth level is
to become self-actualized, which is having morality, creativity, spontaneously.
Self-actualized people look at the world with appreciation.
In the movie, when Carl and Ellie
experienced the pain of losing their first child that is where they will have
the need to progress to meet higher level growth or being needs. They satisfy
the safety needs by starting to save money so they could go to Paradise Falls. Then,
another level of the hierarchy is the belongingness. This would be when Carl
and Ellie first met as children, when Ellie invited Carl to be a part of her adventure
group, forming a sense of belongingness. When speaking about the level for
self-esteem, there was examples of showing love and affection throughout Ellie
and Carl’s marriage. Whenever times got difficult, they were always at each
other’s side. On the fifth stage, self-actualization, this would be Carl and
Russell’s challenges to get back home for Russell’s ceremony. This is when Carl
was able to reach self-actualization, having peak experiences and realizing the
bigger picture in his life, by finally accepting himself and Russell. Carl
demonstrates courage, effort, and discipline throughout the whole movies, which
always him to become self-actualized at the end.
2. After Ellie accepted Carl into
her adventure club, he was given unconditional positive regard from Ellie’s
acceptance, love, and approval. With this acceptance from Ellie, those needs
were satisfies, which fulfilled Carl’s positive self-regard, were he accepts
himself and you can see himself develop more as a character. When regarding
Carl’s conditions of worth, after Ellie’s death, Carl could only accept himself
when he tried to fulfill him and Ellie’s lifelong dreams of going to Paradise
Falls. He knew he couldn’t go into the retirement home and once he started to
pursue that dream, you could tell he started to accept himself again. Carl’s
congruence between his real and ideal self didn’t happen until then end, once
he sacrificed his house to save Russell, Kevin, and Doug. Carl had a distorted
belief that his house being at Paradise Falls would satisfy his adventure
expectations, when really it was creating and experiencing the adventure with
Russell, Kevin, and Doug that satisfied his concept of the adventure.
3. Carl meets Roger’s criteria for a full functioning person by the
end of the movie, which points out how actualization is a process and not a
destination. Once Carl realizes how important Russell, Kevin, and Doug are to
him. Carl lives fully in every moment, by following the blimp with Russell in it,
which ultimately leads to him sacrificing his house. This stunt also shows how
he lives constructively and creative, opened to new challenges. Carl also
trusts in his own organism, his thoughts and feelings, by refusing to help his
childhood role model, when he knew it was wrong. Which ultimately shows how he
feels free to make his own decisions.
4. Internal locus of control means when an individual believes that
only their mindset and behaviors can influence the outcomes in their life.
While external locus of control is when an individual blames outside forces,
such as destiny, fate, or luck to the outcomes in their life. I believe Carl
had more internal locus of control, believing he could always fix an outcome by
his actions. For example, once he realized he didn’t want to go to the
retirement home, he made up a plan and went through with it. He also took
responsibility for his actions and tried to change an outcome when he could.
Sensation seeking is the need of
having varied, novel, and complex sensations and experiences. There are four subtypes,
where someone could have one or all: (1) thrill/ adventure seeking, where
person seeks anger, speed, novelty, and defining gravity (ex. roller coasters).
(2) Experience seeking, where individual seeks novel experiences: traveling,
music, or art. They also live a nonconformist lifestyle. (3) Boredom
susceptibility, where an individual does not like busy work, repetition, or
routine. (4) Disinhibitions, where an individual seeks release through a social
situation (ex. parties). I believe experience seeking does fit for Carl. Carl’s
role model was a notorious adventurer and then had Ellie to influence him even
more. They planned the trip as kids and then saved money through adulthood.
Unfortunately, he was not able to follow through with his dream experience seek
until after Ellie’s death.
The attribution model shows what we
attribute our lack of control or failure to a certain cause, Optimistic
prevents the feeling of helplessness. They are healthier, have stronger immune
systems, and are less anxious and depressive. Optimistic attributions look at
failures being caused by external and unstable forces, believing an event will
not have too much effect on their life. While pessimism shows helplessness in
all areas of life and has greater link with depression. Pessimistic
attributions look at failures being caused by internal, stable, and global
causes. I do believe Carl had an optimistic attribution and not having learned
helplessness. Whenever Carl was told he was going into the retirement home, he
didn’t just give up. Also, whenever he faced a difficulty or a bump in the
road, he always kept going. Carl never gave up on what he believed in and kept
5. I have diagnosed Tinker Bell with
Borderline Personality Disorder. Borderline PD is categorized as a ‘dramatic’
type of personality disorder. Tinker Bell was created by Peter Pan, leaving him
to be her only ‘true’ family that she has ever had. Symptoms of Borderline PD
are depressive, anxious, irritable, and unstable moods. They are impulsive, and
are instable with their own self-image.
Tinker Bell developed this
personality disorder once Wendy came to Wonderland. She feels less accepted by
Peter Pan, which lowers her self-esteem. Tinker Bell got jealous of Wendy
taking Peter Pan from her, so she start to exhibit unstable and uncontrollable moods
and behaviors, due to her inability to cope with the separation and abandonment
of her and Peter Pan. She also become physically abusive and even tried to have
Some treatment issues would be
making sure that Tinker Bell would adhere to the treatment program, but it is
common for people with Borderline PD to seek treatment. However, there are
several options for treatments. There is psychotherapy, but it is very
difficult for therapist to find a balance between emphasizing with client’s
dependency, anger, and ways of thinking. Another problem would be that the
client does not build an appropriate relationship with therapist, possibly
becoming too dependent on the therapist. An example of this would be the client
calling the therapist’s emergency number, when there is not an emergency.
Another form of treatment would be
dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT), which is a cognitive-behavioral approach.
This includes both cognitive and behavioral strategies techniques: teaching
social skills, psychoeducation, having clear goal setting, and rewarding
appropriate behaviors. These techniques would help with the client’s social
skills. The problem with this treatment is that it highly based on the client’s
willingness to participant in social skill building exercises.
6. The personality traits that form the dark
triad are (1) narcissism, where individuals have tendencies to seek admiration
and attention, have grandiose yet vulnerable self-view, vanity and arrogance.
As previously said, Tinker Bell exhibits this by always wanting attention and
admiration from Peter Pan. She is always at his side and craves his attention.
(2) Machiavellianism, where individuals have tendencies of immoral, pragmatic,
and cynical thinking. Also have detached affect, coldness, agentic striving
(money, status, and power). Tinker bell displays immoral behavior whenever she
tried to get Wendy killed, by telling the mermaid to drown her. Also, another
demonstration of cynical thinking would be whenever she went to Captain Hook
and cried about Peter Pan being with Wendy. Then, telling him where Peter Pan
and the lost boys hid, even though she know that Captain Hook was never allowed
there. Lastly, (3) would be psychopathy, where individuals have tendencies of
callousness, interpersonal manipulation, impulsivity, thrill seeking, and
antisocial behaviors. Tinker Bell demonstrates this whenever she exhibits
antisocial behaviors around Peter Pan and the lost boys. Still showing
behaviors of abandonment from Peter Pan. You see her less within the movie and
talking to the enemy. Also, you see her use interpersonal manipulation, when
she convinced the lost boys that Wendy was a bird and to throw their weapons at
it and bring it down, whenever Wendy was flying. Tinker Bell was obviously
trying to kill her by manipulating the boys for her own selfish motives.