Biodiversity the where there is more pressureBiodiversity the where there is more pressure

Biodiversity
is rich in Pakistan, chiefly in the arid and semi-arid regions which cover
almost 80% of the total land area. Speedy human population growth is
accumulating pressure on the country’s natural resource base. A number of
animal and plant species are rare mainly due to over exploitation natural
habitat. Pakistan is participant to many international initiatives and is
making concerned efforts to conserve its biodiversity in all ecological
regions. It is planned that all investors including government agencies, NGOs
and local communities work together as allies to preserve biodiversity.

The
government of Pakistan is giving a thoughtful focus on how to conserve
biodiversity. The national conservation strategy (NCS) was accepted by World
Bank in 1992. There are 14 core programs many of which are soil conservation,
watershed development, and wood production and biodiversity issues. The Khyber
and Baluchistan Provincial conservation policies have been finished and
strategies for northern area is under preparation. At least two district level
conservation plans are also being introduced. These strategies deal with
biodiversity much more explicitly at the local level. In addition Biodiversity
action Plan (BAP) was accepted in 1999 and due recognition has been given to
all ecological regions of the country especially arid and semi-arid regions of
the where there is more pressure on natural resources by the natives. All the
provinces have adopted some measures against the threats and to improve
biodiversity conservation. The Sarhad Provincial Conservation Strategy (SPCS)
presents a chapter on biological diversity, parks and protected areas.

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For
conservation of biodiversity the government of Pakistan has taken number of
actions. This includes wildlife sanctuaries, national parks and game reserves
and covers an area of 9.17 million hectares. However most of these protected areas
(Pas) was elected through legislation in the 1960s and 1970s and were too small
to be affective. Another way of promoting biodiversity conservation in Pakistan
is through the development of a 25 hectare mangrove plantation along the
Karachi coast. The area selected for this purpose is highly populated and has
become highly degraded over a period of time due to over exploitation and
neglect.as well as conserving biodiversity and creating a green belt the
plantation will also establish a barrier to protect native people from coastal disasters.

IUCIN
Pakistan and Barclays Bank have entered into a partnership agreement on 23rd
September 2010 with the aim to encourage the incorporation of biodiversity
conservation and social parity considerations into the business decision. There
are also multiple of NGOs working in Pakistan for the preservation of
biodiversity. These NGOs are particularly prominent in northern areas of
Pakistan where Aga Khan Rural Support Program (AKRSP) introduced community
mobilization and organization. Basic social infrastructure to develop community
based conservation programs is provided through several conservation NGOs.

Pakistan
Environmental Protection Agency (PEPA) is an attached agency of Ministry of
Environment under Pakistan Environmental Protection of 1997.PEPA has
responsibility of executing enforcing and regulating the protection of
environment in the country newly established organization (NBC) serves all
aspects of biodiversity. Each spring city officials across Pakistan pose for
local newspaper photographers with sapling in their hand. Foreign leaders have
been asked to lend a hand who have in return planted a tree on a hill in
Islamabad. In 2009 Pakistan took tree planting to a Guinness World Record Level
when more than half a million trees were planted during one day.

The minister of Punjab Shahbaz Sharif says that
the new forest policy is started to lift the logging ban and limit timber
harvesting to well stock forests. Ejaz Ahmad the Deputy Director of WWF
Pakistan said that the forest program was developed in consultations with all
stakeholders from minister to communities and NGOs and was endorsed by all
provinces giving it a better chance of success. Pakistan recently won $3.8 million
Readiness Fund of the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) to overcome
tropical deforestation.