Blunt trauma is the most common type of injury a pathologist encounters when doing medicolegal autopsies.Many cases have a host of external and internal injuries, and their relative roles in causing death need to beinterpreted by the pathologist. 20The significance of trauma is not just limited to the determination of the cause of death but the distinctionbetween ante-mortem and post-mortem injuries is one of the cardinal problems of forensic medicine faced byforensic pathologist. 182.1 WOUND/INJURYClinically – Any injury where there is a breach of natural continuity of skin or mucous membraneIn medico-legal practice – Wound includes lesion, external or internal, caused by violence, with or withoutbreach of skin or mucous membrane.Injuries can be divided according to the type of force applied into two categories:Sharp force injuries- Injuries produced by pointed objects or objects with sharp edges are referred to as “sharpforce injuries.” Sharp force injuries are characterized by a relatively well-defined traumatic separation oftissues, occurring when a sharp-edged or pointed object comes into contact with the skin and underlying tissues.Three specific subtypes of sharp force injuries exist, as follows: stab wounds, incised wounds, and chopwounds. Detailed examination of sharp force injuries, particularly in homicides, can provide useful informationregarding the type of weapon that likely inflicted the wounds. This information can potentially guide the policeto the recovery of a murder weapon or it can be used to exclude other implements recovered from a crimescene.Blunt force injuries- Injuries resulting from an impact with a dull, firm surface or object. Individual injuriesmay be patterned (e.g. Characteristics of the wound suggest a particular type of blunt object) or nonspecific.Blunt trauma is the most common type of injury a pathologist encounters when doing medicolegal autopsies.They include two types of injuries: abrasion and contusion.