Both Archaic hunters and gatherers were widelyBoth Archaic hunters and gatherers were widely

Both Archaic hunters and
gatherers were widely known throughout North America. The word “Archaic” was
used to describe all of the hunting and gathering techniques that were brought
down by the Paleo-Indians. Archaic hunters were known for their hunting skills.
Like their ancestors, they hunted with spears; however, would also use other
items such as traps, nets, etc. to catch prey without actually chasing down
their pray when hunting.    

It was known that most
Archaic hunters migrated from place to place depending on the amount of
resources available in their current area. They migrated very often in order to
harvest new plants and hunt animals. These hunters were not known for having a
specific village for they were currently moving from one place to another.

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Later on, said hunters began
to experience an extinction of large animals. Therefore, they began to focus on
hunting bison and continued this for almost a millennium.  The environment archaic hunters lived in had
unpredictable rainfalls. Therefore, the hunters would harvest food that they
could save for later consumption if they were not able to hunt and catch prey
for whatever reason. Archaic hunters had to rely
on plants to eat and also used plants to make clothing, medicine, etc. These
hunters used stones or rocks to make tools and other objects such as nets and
traps to capture animals. Archaic people used to live in caves while migrating
from place to place depending on the amount of resources available.

The Archaic hunters’ culture descended
from the Paleo-Indians and mostly relied on hunting for animals and looking for
/ harvesting plants for food. The ways that groups hunted, gathered, and prepared
to storage their food, were shaped by the environments they were surrounded by. The Great Basin had great
environmental diversity. The Great Basin Indians who lived near lakes, swamps,
etc. ate fish, deer, and antelope. Due to the fact that supplies of animal food
were not guaranteed, all of the Indians that lived in this region relied on plants
for food.

Like the Great Basin, the
Pacific coast had many different environments as well. In this region, there
was plenty of food sources. Therefore, many groups lived with large
populations, meaning some people could pursue activities that were not all
involved with food and harvesting plants, they were allowed to do other things such
as woodworking. The diversity of cultures and resources available in this
region allowed the beginning of trade but also created new problems which led
to warfare. Diverse gatherer cultures were already adapted to their environments,
and most lasted in their environments until the Europeans arrived in the late
fifteenth century.