Cancer of weight and anemia (Willett, 2008).

Cancer
can be defined as the unusual development
of cells which can attack and extent to other body parts. For ages experts and scholars
have done research to try and establish the cause why cells grow abnormally,
but still a conclusive reason is yet to be found.

Colon cancer, also known as colorectal cancer ranks third among the most common
types of cancers in the world being predominant in the developed nations. Signs
may include bleeding in the stool, altered bowel movement, appetite loss, loss
of weight and anemia (Willett, 2008). Colorectal cancer can be caused
by progressive age, a way of life or hereditary aspects among others. More exploration
then has been channeled to finding causative factors, people at risk and
prevention of the disease. Findings, however, have concluded that a link exists
concerning nutrition and cancer. This paper will review a research article on
diets associated with colorectal cancer risks.  

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The
research was a clinical study that used some
people to be able to come up with the best results. Clinical tests are quite
essential and are the best since they give an accurate and more defined outcome
in comparison to the others. Reviewing research done by others may not provide the best result as some may be biased towards what they initially had in
mind or the researcher may misunderstand or misinterpret the data. Being able
to choose the study population and participate in the research helps in
assessment and gives time for observation and proper analysis of the subjects.

The
study was published in the 140th
volume of the Journal of Nutrition. It involved a group of 431 people already
diagnosed and 726 people chosen for the control experiment (Miller
et al., 2010). Participants were selected,
and background checks were done after signing the consent forms. A family history was taken, medical history, height, weight, use
of alcohol and exposure to tobacco among other relevant information. There was
a gender balance in both cases and an
inclusion of people from different backgrounds and races. The participants were grouped into two with one group having a
diet consisting of mainly fruits and vegetables. The second took a diet
consisting of potatoes, refined grains,
and meat. A third group was formed with
men only in which alcohol and sweetened beverages were introduced in generous proportions (Miller
et al., 2010). Researchers also looked at how the participants followed the
American dietary guidelines set in 2005 and the pyramid references, which
encourage more consumption vegetables, whole grains,
and fruits.

The
results were analysed according to gender, and for the men, they found out that diets rich in fruits, whole grains and
vegetables reduced the risk of colorectal cancer by approximately 62%. In women
similar findings with a reduced risk by 65% (Miller et al., 2010). This showed that strict observance of the recommended diets by the pyramid minimizes the risk of colon cancer. Foods rich in potatoes, meat and refined grains
were directly associated with colorectal
cancer in both genders and groups in the study. No clear evidence was observed on the link between alcohol and
sweetened beverages on the risk of
colorectal cancer. This showed a reduced
risk of colon cancer on the participants who followed the diet rich in fruits, whole grains, and vegetables carefully.

The
research concluded by stating that it is vital to emphasize the consumption of
plant products such as whole grains, fruits,
vegetables and nuts. These foods are easily digested and contain fewer toxins hence leave the system fast. On
the contrary, meager proportions of red
meat, poultry, dairy products, potatoes, gravy, refined grains, and pizza and
so on should be consumed. These have
proven to be harmful and tend to increase the risk of colorectal cancer. Such
unhealthy foods do contribute to weight gain and obesity. Statistics have confirmed that more
than half the population of adults in American is either overweight or obese
(MOON,
2007). Obesity does contribute to colon cancer,
and this is highly attributed to the
diet.

It has been proven that colon cancer is common in the
western world due to their poor eating habits. Most people in the west consume
fast foods, refined grains, sugary foods and have an affinity for desserts, mayonnaise, and other unhealthy products. This is notably
worse with the low-income earners who may not be able to afford healthier
options and hence are limited to fast foods such as pizzas, burgers, and fries
among others (MOON, 2007). Eastern countries,
especially in Asia and America, tend to be
inclined towards homegrown foods and vegetables and less refined products.

A healthy diet means a healthy body.

The
alarming rate at which cancer is increasing in American and the world at large means people have to take the possible measures
to prevent the incurable disease whenever possible. This will begin with a healthy diet and regular exercises (Willett,
2008). The dietary pyramid also highlights the importance of consuming plenty
of water each day. Water helps not only in digestion but also I maintaining healthy cells
and skin. Other risk factors such as smoking, excessive consumption of alcohol
and lack of physical exercise should be
monitored. Each should try to
maintain not only a healthy diet but also a convenient
body mass index (BMI).

In
conclusion, the research was an eye-opener,
and it helped to shed more light on the link between nutrition and colorectal
cancer. It may not be possible to avert the disease
entirely, but it is critical to try and decrease the contributing elements to
it in everyday life. It would be crucial
to adhere to a diet rich in plant products, such as fruits, vegetables, and nuts. On the other hand, animal
products such as red meat, poultry, and
refined grains should be taken in small
quantities. Regular exercise and consumption of water should be encouraged to help maintain a healthy body.

As the old saying goes, ‘prevention is better than cure.’

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