ce -Industrial growth has created high levels

ce and Technology The National Science and Technology Development Agency is an agency of the government of Thailand which supports research in science and technology and their application in the Thai economy.Major agricultural exports: Rubber, sugar, rice. Major manufactured exports Computer and computer accessories, cars and spare parts, gems and jewellery, petroleum products, plastic resin, chemicals and integrated circuit. If we talk about the private sector, it is responsible for most of the present economic growth phenomenon in Thailand. Its investment overall is currently five times that of the public sector. Many sectors have their own R&D department, The Board of Investment (BOI), which has the moved to put more emphasis on strengthening of technology, especially by providing incentives power by law to promote investment through tax con-cessions and other privileges, has recently for import of new and more efficient machinery and technology, transfer of technology to Thai personnel and establishment of R&D programs. Thailand and Japan Cooperate on Monitoring Technology to Tackle VOCs Problems at Map Ta Phut Industrial Estate, also they have tsunami alert system with India. This is how Thailand is increasing its IT efficiency by cooperating with different countries.Environment -Industrial growth has created high levels of air pollution in Thailand. Vehicles and factories contribute to air pollution. In the Bangkok metropolitan area, which consists of the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA) and the four surrounding provinces (Nonthaburi, Pathum Thani, Nakhon Pathom, and Samut Prakan), have about 20 percent of the national population and over half of the country’s factories. Coupled with the concentration of the factories in the metropolitan area, the air pollution caused by motor vehicle emissions, and grave water pollution from household and industrial wastewater, justified that there would be no doubt of the increase of externalities from production. Vehicles — motorcycles make up around 75% of the vehicles on the road in Thailand; diesel trucks and buses also contribute many pollutants. Pollution from noise and vibration are problems found in communities and developed areas in which transportation and industry are expanding, particularly in areas such as Bangkok Metropolitan and cities of developing center in other regions. The main sources of noise pollution include vehicles, commercial premises, and industrial factories. According to an examination of noise levels in 1994, the highest 24-hour average noise levels were found to be along roadsides in Bangkok and other areas in Samut Prakan. These levels may be dangerous for human hearing, in accordance with the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the average noise in 24 hrs should be not more than 70 decibels. The main sources of vibration pollution are the use of industrial tools, machinery and equipment, and construction, pile driving, drilling, and stone quarry and crushing, as well some certain activities in communities. Vibration pollution causes cracks or subsidy of houses, buildings, and constructed structures, impact on people’ health, and is a trouble to communities.Legal System Thailand’s legal system combines principles of traditional Thai and Western laws. The Constitutional Court is the highest court of appeal, although its jurisdiction is limited to the clearly defined constitutional issues. Its members are nominated by the Senate and appointed by the King. The Courts of Justice have jurisdiction over criminal and civil cases and are organized in three tiers: Courts of First Instance, the Court of Appeals, and the Supreme Court of Justice. Administrative courts have jurisdiction over suits between private parties and the Government, and cases in which one government entity is suing another. THE BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT For policy makers trying to improve their economy’s regulatory environment for business, a good place to start is to find out how it compares with the regulatory environment in other economies. Doing Business provides an aggregate ranking on the ease of doing business based on indicator sets that measure and benchmark regulations applying to domestic small to medium-size businesses through their life cycle Direction of development In order to set the direction of Thailand’s development, situations and risks arising from domestic and global changes are to be analyzed. Rapid fluctuations and their impacts, in particular in the economic and energy sectors and climate change, have both positive and negative effects on the country’s development. Therefore, the direction of development administration which adheres to the philosophy of Sufficiency Economy, is to optimize benefits from the country’s strengths and its potential for long term sustainability. In order to both strengthen and stabilize the domestic economy, the agricultural base and SMEs will have key roles to play in the development process. Meanwhile, Thailand has to increase its connectivity to the regional and the global economies. To be more proactive with respect to the ASEAN Economy Community (AEC) in 2015, Thailand needs to comply with its commitments under various cooperation frameworks, and strengthen its resilience through development of its economic and social capital. In this context, infrastructure 47 and logistic systems have to be further developed in tandem with the quality of human resources. In all aspects, knowledge, science and technology, innovation, and creativity will become powerhouse of the country’s future development. Development is intended to generate resilience in each dimension of Thailand’s development for balance and sustainability by strengthening and utilizing capital endowment. First, empowering of social capital (human, social and cultural aspects) is concentrated on human and social development toward social quality. Resilience must be created at individual, family and community levels. People can adapt themselves to changes and have the opportunity to access resources and gain fair benefits from development. Second, strengthening of economic capital (physical and financial aspects) concerns strengthening the domest

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