Chapter one Leuchtenburg’s description of Herbert Hoover’s childhood is perfect. He portrays an extremely difficult period for any person. A kid who is orphaned at the age of 10 can hardly know what being a child really means. Hoover would then stay with his uncle, a person who also had lost his son. Looking at Hoover, he failed to see his son and this made him distant himself from Hoover. This kind of life is extremely difficult and personally I cannot identify with it. Despite everything, Hoover managed to attend school. It is this opportunity that would bring him success later on in his life. Hoover was extremely hardworking a trait not found among common man. It is his ambition and aggressiveness that landed him a major and a career at stand ford. This is not a mean fete and is laudable to date. Once he got to Stanford, he did exemplary well finding a life partner and even managing the students’ football team. College students have a lot to learn from his life in university. Life is not all about books. One should complement academics with extra curriculum activities. Once Hoover entered the corporate world he showed the world what he can do. His aggressiveness made him very successful to the point of being made a partner in the company only a year into employment. Chapter Two Belgium was worst hit by World War I. had it not been for Hoover’s actions, the country could have plunged into a food shortage crisis. His success in quelling hunger in Belgium and other places proves that he was not an average human being. For his efforts in fighting hunger, Hoover deserves the term ‘Great Humanitarian’. His efforts are unmatched to date. His style of leadership was effective. However, this style would not work today. People now know their rights and demand being listened to. He was an autocratic leader and rarely listened to what people got to say. His style of leadership worked pretty well for him. I would not mind working for Hoover because I would be assured of success. However, I would appreciate if he would listen to what my opinion is on some issue. He had good management skills including that of calling for volunteerism, private individualism and other systems. He knew that resources were scarce and thus the need to use the sparingly. Chapter Three Serving as the foo tsar, Hoover ensured that the food he distributed to Europe went to those who deserved it the most. He had to guard against the food going to serve any army. At home, he ensured that people ate less so as to avoid rationing food a system that worked miracles. He was a stern leader who believed in doing the impossible. As the food Czar in the U.S., his approach in managing food was critical because it ensured that America was not hit by food crisis and that the soldiers were frequently and well served with enough food. This played a great role in positioning America as one of the greatest country in the world. This far, Hoover had shown that he had what it took to be a president. As a person, he was very compassionate. As a leader, he was aggressive and this made him the most qualified president of the times. His work shows that leaders have both a duty to self and to society.Chapter Four Hoovers role as secretary of commerce showed the world what he can do. He revolutionized this cabinet position making it a darling to the public. His previous work at the mining helped him in the wake of the deadliest flood in the country. He was able to move from one end to another commanding people to this and that and finally he managed to save more than 700,000 lives. The Secretary of Commerce position still exists in the federal government, but it is has never been as strong as it was during Hoover’s time at the position. It is no longer as strong as it was before. Hoover’s greatest accomplishment as the Secretary of Commerce in my opinion is the how he managed to conduct the relief campaign during the Mississippi river flood. He saved both Whites and Blacks earning both praise and condemnation from different quarters. As a leader, he knew how to make people work for him. This made him most effective leader at the time. During Hoover’s time as the Secretary of Commerce, this position was extremely critical for both the U.S and for him. For the country, he was in the frontline in ensuring the Great Famine did not affect the country as uch as it did to other nations such as USSR. This position benefited him because many people loved him and were ready to make him president. Chapter Five Hoovers campaign for the presidency was very easy. Already, he was a darling to the people. His opponent was no match to him considering that America was not ready for a catholic president. Because of his previous accomplishments, I would have voted for him as well. He had shown great potential as a person and as a leader. His mining career was a success and so was his career as the Secretary of Commerce. Even without considering his humanitarian efforts, these two positions would have been enough to convince me to vote for him. It was almost a guarantee that America would vote Hoover as their resident because of his achievements as thefood Czar for the country and his success as the Secretary of Commerce. Having worked closely with President Harding, he was the most qualified person for the presidency at the time. Even the democrats hoped he would choose their party to run as president. Chapter Six As the president, Hoover had little to show off. His greatest success as president is the idea of Hoover dam which exists to date. His failures on the other hand are many and choosing the biggest is challenging. The biggest failure for Hoover as President is the failure to feel the difficulty Americans were going through and come up with humanitarian efforts just like he did before becoming president. He focused on his individualism instead of realizing that the country needed drastic measures. Hoover’s presidency was a disgrace to the entire nation. Hoover the president was no match to Hoover the Secretary of Commerce. As the president, he was not effective at all. Chapter Seven Hoover’s reaction to the Great Stock Market Crash of 1929 is the source of his failure as president. Instead of increasing tariffs, he would have lowered them to ensure that people had money in their pockets. He would then subsidize some companies to ensure they did not fall. Had I been the president, I would call upon all people to work closely and help one another fight what I would term as a national crisis. As a citizen of the time, I would be extremely disappointed by Hoover’s response. He had shown that he cared for the people before being president, but now he never bothered about them. He had handled the looming food crisis in Belgium successfully. He was even referred to as the food Czar for his efforts once America went to war. This had made him the most qualified person in the country to handle the Great Depression, but he failed many who believed in him. Chapter Eight Despite having gone to many countries, he was poor at advancing the country’s foreign policy. A lot was expected of him, but he achieved very little in terms of advancing the country’s foreign policy. His main success in this area was the ‘Good Neighbor Policy’. He was the originator even though his successor takes most of the credit.Chapter Nine Hoover’s response to the Great Depression as it unfolded was poor. He could have done more to prevent the country from plunging into debts. He should have first sought the cause of the crisis and work on it before things went out of hands. Had I been in shoes, I would have lowered tariffs to make sure that people are not hit hard by the crisis. As a president, he focussed more on his individualism policy forgetting the need to show humanitarian efforts when the worst visited his country. This led the country to turn against him. He had neglected his people at their time of need. Just like many did, I would not have voted for Hoover in the 1932 elections. He had failed to live to my expectations. Voting him in again would ruin not only the country’s economy, but his legacy as well. Most people went for Roosevelt because he showed that he knew their problems and that he was ready to handle them. He even blamed Hoover for causing speculations that led to the Great Depression. Hoover and Roosevelt main difference was the will to spend public money to improve the lives of the people. Hoover believed that the federal government had no role in improving the lives of the people while Roosevelt believed that the federal government ought to have done everything humanly possible to improve the lives of the people. Chapter Ten Hoover’s life after leaving the office improved his image a little. He checked successfully checked Roosevelt’s government. This made him receive recognition publicly. Despite having failed before, Hoover had done a lot for the country and he deserved this recognition. Even after leaving the office of the president, he continued to work for the people. This might have been driven by guilt for having failed as president, but 20 to 30 years after leaving the oval office, he had managed to win the trust of many people back. Hoover did a lot for the country before, during and after the presidency. Not many presidents have achieved this. His failure during the Great Depression, however, spoils his chances of ranking high among the greatest presidents. Leuchtenburg does a good job to present the life of Hoover. However, I feel he focused more on his failures instead of balancing both success and failures of this great man.