China’s one child policy has been views
as one of its most controversial laws. Finally recognizing the negative
effects, authorities decided to change their approach as of as of October 2015.
This included refroming family planning by allowing families to have two
children, instead just one. As the Chinese
population reached 1 billion people, the policy intended to
halt population with unofficial testimony from unofficial
experts claiming that around 400 million births have been prevented in result
of the policy. Many demographers have invalidated
that testimony and believe the actual cited number is closer to 100 million. However, over time China has allowed
exceptions to the rule. Yet in
2015, a little over 35% of the country was still limited to one child. Although a 2008 survey reported that 76% of
the Chinese population supported the rule, it has consistently attracted social and political criticism
from around the globe. The
policy was instituted because in the late 70’s, the Chinese government became
concerned that the countries rising population would damage future plans for large-scale
economic growth. This issue can be dated back to the
rule of Mao Zedoung during which China’s population grew around 540 million in 1949, to 940 million in
1976. It was introduced partly, to deal with the
results of Satan’s Great Leap forward, which has created widespread food
shortages and famine. Officials calculated that the
population of China would decrease to 700 million. In addition it was planned to
reach that level within 100 years.
The one child policy was passed with that goal in mind. As a controversial piece of
legislation, the one child policy was enforced and prompted even greater
concern and criticism from human rights groups.
The National Population and Family planning Commission managed the policy until
an authoritative shift in 2013, which saw the creation of a singular agency. In
some cases, couples that violated the policy faced financial punishment,
including large fines and lost of employment.
Under severe and extreme circumstances, there have been reports of violators
being forced by authorities to have an abortion, or forced sterilizations. As authority depended on the policy
for positive feedback, they received the opposite in return. The one child
policy produced a generation with new
unexpected consequences. One of the most shocking effects is the gender
disparity that the policy caused between male and female children. In result, the countries sex ratio
reached 117 to 100. It’s
estimated that by 2020, three will be 30 million more men than women in China. The unbalance is proved by reports that
serve as evidence of the lengths that limited parents may go to in order to
have a son rather than a daughter.
The one child policy witnessed a steep increase in the abandonment of females.
Various limited couples turned to female infanticide believing there is no
other choice. Although the State of China states
there is no correlation between the policy and the treatment of females, it is
evident that policy is a direct causation of these acts.