change is becoming global warning. It
cannot be denied that climate change is coming into the real day by day. A report of International Panel on Climate
Change, 1990 stated that if people use business
as-usual emission scenario to overcome climate change the global temperature
was predicted to increase 0.3° C/decade (Watson, Rodhe, Oeschger, & Siegenthaler, 1990). One of quite compromising
mechanism to deal with climate change is reducing emissions from deforestation
and forest degradation (REDD+). REDD+
gives an alternative of low budget yet long process in order to response
climate change (Collins et al., 2011).
general REDD+ implementation is divided into three phases, which are readiness,
transition, and contribution on reducing emission phase (Ekawati, Subarudi, Budiningsih, & Mutaqin, 2016). All the phases require some
procedures that involved various stakeholders. Due to long process mechanism,
REDD+ implementation is influenced by some factors. Pasgaard, Sun, Müller, & Mertz (2016) mentioned that clear procedure,
political motivation and involvement of the actors are some factors that
determine REDD+ implementation. Moreover, in another study conducted by Collins et al., (2011) claimed that domestic
institutional plays big role to influence whether REDD+ implementation will
successfully implemented or not.
on REDD+ implementation have been conducted by enormous researchers. One of
study conducted by Sills et al., 2017 tried to capture how REDD+ is
being implemented in 16 REDD+ sites
project across tropical countries. The study was focused on evaluation impact
the implementation of REDD+ to community.
Another study related to REDD+ implementation is done by Collins et al., 2011, research was conducted in
Indonesia. Collin’s study is concerned
on how domestic institutional influence REDD+ implementation. Those studies
evaluated REDD+ implementation after REDD+ project being implemented.
is little research specifically on REDD+ implementation in readiness phase. In
order to fill the gap this paper tries to evaluate the implementation of carbon
initiative project in Berbak Landscape which is REDD+ project in readiness
phase and not yet implemented in the field. Evaluation will be conducted by
modifying some indicators and frameworks from previous studies. Moreover, the
project is initiated by NGO and become one of government objectives (Ministry
of environment and Forestry of Indonesia). Thus, it perhaps enrich the previous
studies in terms of actors who involved in REDD+ implementation.