Colors with the green light occurring throughoutColors with the green light occurring throughout

Colors are an essential part of the world around us. They can convey messages, expressing that which words do not. They can evoke emotions, as well as change them. Blue can calm a person and make them feel relaxed. If an artist is trying to express sadness he often uses black and gray which are both dreary colors. Without a single word, a driver approaching a red traffic light knows to stop. In The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald, the colors throughout the novel contain a deep layer of meaning whenever they occur. There are four main colors that appear frequently in the novel: green, white, blue, and yellow. Although these are not the only colors that Fitzgerald uses for symbolism, they are the ones that he expresses the most. Traditionally, green is the color of spring. Spring symbolizes new life and hopefulness. In the novel, it symbolizes Gatsby’s ceaseless pursuit of his dreams and hopes. The green color is closely associated with the green light occurring throughout the novel, which is closely related to Gatsby and the whole theme. The green light occurs three times in the novel. The first time when the green light occurs is at the end of the first chapter. Nick saw that Gatsby was stretching out his arms toward the dark water and was trembling. “He stretched out his arms toward the dark water in a curious way, and, far as I was from him, I could have sworn he was trembling. Involuntarily I glanced seaward – and distinguished nothing except a single green light, minute and far away, that might have been the end of a dock.” (Fitzgerald). In Gatsby’s eyes, the green light just represents Daisy, who is his lifelong pursuit and dream. He thinks that the reason why Daisy breaks up their  engagement and is married to Tom is because he is too poor. So he believes he can win Daisy back only if he becomes rich. At the time of his stretching, he has achieved his goal of becoming rich and is full of hope. He is close to realizing his lifelong dream. The second time the green light makes an appearance is in the fifth chapter. Gatsby has shown his enormous fortune to Daisy, and then he says, “If it wasn’t for the mist we could see your home across the bay,” said Gatsby. “You always have a green light that burns all night at the end of your dock.” Daisy put her arm through his abruptly but he seemed absorbed in what he had just said. Possibly it had occurred to him that the colossal significance of that light had now vanished forever. Compared to the great distance that had separated him from Daisy it had seemed very near to her, almost touching her.” The way the light is represented now is very different than when we first saw it. It seems that he is nearly realizing his dream, but he becomes lost in a deep reverie because of the big difference between the real Daisy and his imaginary Daisy. So now the green light seems to have lost its original significance and the fascinating charm, which symbolizes the big difference between the dream and reality. The third time when the green light occurs is at the end of the novel. “Gatsby believed in the green light, the orgastic future that year by year recedes before us. It eluded us then, but that’s no matter – tomorrow we will run faster, stretch out our arms farther… So we beat on, boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past.” (Fitzgerald). The green light represents new hope and the ceaseless struggle towards our dream. Gatsby’s dream was Daisy, as well as wealth. White occurs many times in the novel, and it is closely associated with Daisy. White represents the immaculate and pure beauty. It symbolizes nobleness and purity. It is Daisy’s color in the novel. She wears white dress when she meets Gatsby for the first time as well as when Nick visits her in the East Egg. At the age of eighteen, she dressed in white and had a white car, which made her charming in the eyes of young officers, including Gatsby. Even her name Daisy is a kind of white flower. Her house is also full of the color of white, “The windows were ajar and gleaming white against the fresh grass outside” (Fitzgerald, p.158) and “A breeze blew through the room, blew curtains in at one end and out the other like pale flags.” (Fitzgerald, p.246)