Culture, possible, but still transgress on occasion.Culture, possible, but still transgress on occasion.

Culture,
which makes it possible for certain groups of people to share similar values,
outlooks, ideas, goals, and traditions, varies from one group to the other. The
reason behind such variation is the diversity of the human race, which is also a
factor that contributes to the differences that are seen in the diagnoses of
psychopathologic disorders in different cultures. Even so, however, the fact of
the matter is that all people are human beings, and this means that there are
some fundamental beliefs or things that will not change. Bolman and Deal (2008)
found that people tend to adopt those strategies that best suit their needs,
whether it is at the business front or at home. Where business is concerned,
for instance, leaders are interested in maximizing profits, satisfying customer
needs, and growing their market share. But while these may be some common
goals, organization leaders frequently have different methods of ensuring that
their workforce meets both the long and the short-term of these goals, whether
it is by using dictatorial or democratic leadership styles (Morgan, 2006).

In
developing and testing the Hare Psychopathology Checklist, Dr. Hare was able to
connect some corporations’ behavior to those that are psychopathological and
exploitative, and with little regard for social responsibility. Such behavior
includes the callous lack of concern for the feelings of others, the reckless
disregard for the safety of others, repeated deception and the conning of other
parties for profit, the incapacity to feel or experience guilt, along with
maintaining enduring relationships (American Psychiatric Association, 2000). There
is ample evidence of some Scoundrel corporations engaging in behavior that is
persistently antisocial and even criminal at times. Corporations that are Sinners,
on the other hand, will attempt to carry out their business as honorably as
they possible, but still transgress on occasion. There are those, however, who are
Saints. They have built a solid reputation thanks to their ethical nature, and
are worth getting praised for their efforts. In looking at these kinds of
companies, one draws the conclusion that while we may have some that are
antisocial, there are certainly significantly a lot fewer companies that
qualify the term psychopathic (Hartley, 2016).

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Niose
(2011) on his part, however, argues that even though corporations may be
recognized as persons in law, they do not have innate moral impulses. In fact,
the sole purpose for their existence is the making of money. In pursuit of this
goal, then, corporations are systematically driven to achieve their
profit-making objective, and this sometimes take precedence over any ethical reservations
that real people might have. Even though real people might own and manage
corporations, argues Niose, this eventuality does not translate into the inhibition
of immoral corporate action. Indeed, a corporation’s officers and directors are
all obligated to act in their company’s best interest so that they can make
money. It is no secret that publicly traded corporations are required to answer
to their institutional investors, making them, in the process, quite
susceptible to enormous pressure to produce short-term profits. With the
narcissistic, self-absorbed psyches that large corporations have that, it is
unsurprising that they use the abundant resources they have at hand to
advertise and market themselves, shape and influence public opinion, and do all
that is within their power to pursue their goals where profit and revenue are
concerned.

In
Hartley (2016)’s view, however, the application of psychopathic characteristics
to corrupt corporations must not lead to a sound conclusion. No psychopathy
test or clinical criteria of any form has been developed or tested for the
purpose of diagnosing corporate behavior. Indeed, there happens to be a chance
for reaching false positives or negatives when drawing conclusions. For a
corporation to be a psychopath, it has to engage in egregious wrongdoing. But
just because some firms engage in amoral behavior, are dismissive of legal or social
norms, and are incapable of feeling remorse and so on, it does not mean that
the majority of corporations are psychopaths. Indeed, that would be akin to generalizing
the characteristics of a psychopath to all criminal elements.

In
a business environment, externalities that could either be positive or negative
are generated. When such side-effects of business activity manifest, customers
could benefit from increased selection and price competition. But in the case
of a negative externality, an increase in shoplifting, for instance, could mean
the engagement of the local police, translating to a higher cost, thanks to the
payroll, to the city and its taxpayers. While negative externalities are bad
for the society, they are usually higher in number than the positive ones. This
is due to that fact that positive externalities cost businesses money, while
the negative ones are either cost-saving or cost-neutral. In an era where more
and more companies are embracing sustainable and corporate social responsibility
ideals, however, it becomes a lot easier for them to abandon most of the
outright psychopathological mannerisms for those that might best market and
endear them to consumers. Naturally, great effort, along with visionary and
ethical leaders, are required to be able to achieve and maintain a clean status
such as that of the Saint corporations (Hartley, 2016).

 

References

American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental
disorders (4th ed., text rev.). Washington, DC: Author.

Bolman, L. G., & Deal, T. E.
(2008). Culture in action. In Reframing organizations: Artistry, choice
and leadership (4th ed., pp. 279-291). San Francisco, CA:
Jossey-Bass.

Hartley, D. (2016). Are corporations inherently
psychopathic? Psychology Today.
Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/machiavellians-gulling-the-rubes/201605/are-corporations-inherently-psychopathic

Morgan, G. (2006). Images
of Organization (Updated Edition). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications

Niose, D. (2011). Why corporations are psychotic.
Psychology Today. Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/our-humanity-naturally/201103/why-corporations-are-psychotic