Darkness was a late 18th century movementDarkness was a late 18th century movement

            Darkness is a lack of brightness
that essentially shades evil. Following the Enlightenment Period, there was a
new way of thinking that was invented. Romanticism was a late 18th
century movement that originally emerged in Europe. This style of writing values
feelings and imagination. Dark Romantic (Gothic) Literature is a style of
writing that stems off of Romanticism. This type of literature is full of
intense emotion and terror. It highlights aspects of horror, fear, emotion, and
gloom. In the short story, ‘The Fall of the House of Usher,” Edgar Allen Poe
portrays a dark and gloomy house full of evil and gloom and its strange events,
in order to emphasize its scary, dark elements of Dark (Gothic) Literature.

            First, Poe presents the dark and
gloomy atmosphere of the House of Usher to portray a haunting scenery in order
to highlight its gothic mood.  The House
of Usher is a huge gothic element in the story. Its atmosphere creates a creepy
and melancholy mood and the house has many features that makes it gloomy. Take,
for example how, Poe describes, “the whole of a dull, dark, and soundless day
in the autumn of the year when the clouds hung oppressively low in the heavens”
(Poe 312). This example showcases a gothic mood because of its dull and dark
atmosphere. During the season of autumn, the leaves are darker colors and trees
are decaying. The weather is cold and cloudy and this creates scenery that
makes the setting even more depressing and gothic. The air is very murky and sets
a creepy tone. The house is perfectly described specifically to intensify the
atmosphere and create vivid imagery. There are no sounds around the house which
makes it scary and intimidating. The low clouds emphasize darkness and cast shadows
upon the house which sets a very melancholy mood. Quietness and darkness are
both characteristics that can make something strange and gothic-like. Poe also
presents evil to portray eerie events in the story.

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            Next, Poe presents the exploration
of the presence of evil in the House of Usher in order to highlight eerie
events that portray traits of Gothic Literature. The House of Usher is very
evil and dark. This can be expressed by its physical features like its
structure. The structure can prevent the characters from moving freely
throughout the house because it is cramped. This can ultimately provide a
feeling of being stuck or claustrophobia. The house also provides a feeling of
gloom and evil. With these characteristics, comes creepy and unusual events
that occur throughout the house. Take, for example how, Poe describes “upon the
extraordinary coincidence, by a thousand conflicting sensations, in which
wonder and extreme terror were predominant” (Poe 327). This example showcases a
haunting event because of the evil and frightening sounds that are present throughout
the house. This is very unusual and strange and provides a confusing sensation.
The limit of space in the house is shown through the loud and terrifying sounds
that are heard in the story. Although these sounds are attempted to be ignored and
pushed away, there is a definite existence of evil and terror. Poe also
presents a chilling event in the story.

            Lastly, Poe presents a chilling
event at the end of the story in order to highlight a theatrical ending to the
story. The House of Usher is aged and beat up. There are spots of decaying and
this can often provide a depressing mood. The trees around the house are
decayed and overall has an infertile landscape. With its run down features,
strange and chilling events can occur throughout the house. Take for example
how, Poe describes “there came a fierce breath of the whirlwind-the entire orb
of the satellite burst at once upon my sight-my brain reeled as I saw the
mighty walls rushing asunder”(Poe 329). This example showcases a chilling event
because at the end of the story the House of Usher collapses. This is the most
key event because it is precisely explained in the title. Prior to this, the narrator
runs out of the house due to the death of the twins, leading to an ominous
feeling. The gust of wind stimulates fear for the narrator. This ending is very
overdramatic with exaggerated events to provide chilling and strong emotions. The
drama puts significant weight on the events that occur at the ending of the story.
This shows that the author felt very strong about have an excessively melodrama
ending. The fall of the house provides a sensation that the narrator is not
stuck in anymore and is free from the evil element which is the house itself. The
overwhelming feeling of evil has disappeared. The House of Usher is completely gone
with no evidence of being there before and provides a relief feeling for the