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Despite the numerous
advantages of the prefabricated construction method, prefabricating a building
can have its drawbacks as well. Above all else, there can be more hazard with
the construction procedure than in traditional construction: since most of the
building parts are built off-site, there is an extraordinary measure of trust
given to the manufacturer to create decisively what is required. One single
mistake can in the end put the whole building in risk. Additionally, the idea
of having prototype design that can suit any site, or any situation is not
practical since there are unique confronts and challenges that face every
project site. One of Prefabricated buildings, designed for better and faster
productivity, may appear ideal in theory, but they totally lack personalization
and customization per owner’s demands. The creation of complementary structures
off-site doesn’t account for the connection between the designs needs as
planned by the architect and the land itself.

Normally, the idea of shipping
huge modular components to far destinations is considered a great challenge due
to the road size/load restriction.  The obligation that all deliveries
need to follow the complicated regulations of both the web of international and
inter-state results in the deliveries’ transporters going through a hideous
process with more than one government agency to get through a single state. A
few issues remain that one should know about, for example, potential time
delays because of postponed transportation permits for larger than average
loads, potential delays, and, dimensional confinements on modules being
transported. Guidelines with respect to dimensional constraints shift from
state to state, so before choosing a modular manufacturer one would need to put
into consideration how far is the manufacture from the construction site.

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One of the main concerns with
the modular construction system is the aspects of safety and end-quality of the
whole process. The idea of applying the construction codes to modular
construction remains untested to great extent, thus, there is no official
confirmation that modular construction methods and means comply with those
existing codes used by the traditional construction system. As a result,
Modular construction comes with a cost that most adopters of this system have
in consideration which is abiding by the building codes in the U.S. In United
States, most states don’t permit the modular constructed buildings unless they
a confirmation that the whole process will be supervised by an accredited
quality assurance program as well as a third-party agency.  The mission of
the third-party agency is to strictly inspect the course of the off-site
fabrication as well as the on-site construction to ensure the quality and precision
of the whole process. Despite the fact that having a third party to supervise
the modular construction is not required by most states, most building
departments as well as professional engineers that are involved with such
projects recommend equivalent inspection rules.  In the case of the B2
tower at the Atlantic Yards, the department of buildings in New York tried to
exempt the 32-story prefabricated building from the construction code
requirements used in traditional construction. The Division of Buildings
fizzled to suitably apply construction Code requirements that would require
licensed state contractors to perform fire and plumbing concealment work. Thus,
a lawsuit was filed against the NY department of buildings in 2013 over its
decision which resulted in the deliberate failure of the B2 tower maker, Forest
City Ratner Cos., to comply with the construction codes appropriately while
attempting to reduce the total costs of the project.