Dred African American slave. He was taken

Dred Scott was the name of an African American slave. He was
taken by his master, which was a US officer in the Army, from the slave state
of Missouri to the free state of Illinois and then to Wisconsin. Which is also
a free state. He lived a long time on free soil. The Army ordered his Master to
go back to Missouri and he had taken him back to the slave state. His master
died there. Scott was helped later on by Abolitionist (anti-slavery) lawyers to
sue for his freedom in court. He had claimed he had lived on free soil for a
long time. The case went on all the way to the Supreme Court, it go to the
Chief Justice of Supreme Court, Roger B. Taney, which was a former slave owed
form Maryland. Scott lost the decision and had to remain a slave. They were
nearly 4 million slaves at the time and court’s ruling affected the status of
every enslaved and fee African American in the US. The ruling served to turn
back the clock concerning the rights of African-Americans, ignoring the fact
that black men in five of the original states had sen full voting citizens
dating back to the Declaration of Independence in 1776. The Supreme Court ruled
that Congress couldn’t stop slavery in the new emerging territories and
declared the Missouri compromise of 1820 to be unconstitutional. The compromise
prohibited slavery north of the parallel in the Louisiana Purchase. It violated
the 5th Amendment. Southerners approved the Dred Scott Decision believing
Congress had no right to prohibit slavery. Abraham Lincoln was offended to the
ruling and publicly spoke out against it. The Dred Scott decision made the
North & the South more against each other and brought the Ciivil War closer
to happening. The election caused by slavery split the North and the South
branches and dissolved the Whig Party. Most Southern Wigs joined the Democratic
party and the Republican party was all northerners. In this election, Abraham
Lincoln (republican candidate), defended 3 opponents, Stephen Douglas (Norther
democrat), John C Breckinridge (southern democrat), and John Bell of the
constitutional union party. Lincoln’s victory was the signal for the secession
of South Carolina, and the state was followed out by the union by six other
states. The outgoing president, James Buchanan, pursued a vacillating course. Lincoln
was eventually inaugurated and resolved to hold Sumter. The new confederate
government under President Jefferson Davis and South Carolina were equally
determined to oust the Federals.

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