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Every child requires having some role model,
protection, guidance, care, love, and some sense of belonging. All these
attributes come from the person responsible for the upkeep of the child whether
biological parents, guardians or step-parents. All parents, on the other hand,
dream to have their own healthy children to live a generation or a complete
family. Although this desire is achieved once one gets married, most of the
couple find themselves in a dilemma after trying several times, even with the help
of doctors, to get children in vain. There are several reasons attached to
these conditions some being medical conditions, health conditions of the
parents (HIV infected parents or even accidents) and also generational reasons.

Based on these conditions, these particular
parents opt to adopt a child or even more than one to fill that gap in their
family lives. There are several legal processes set for one to acquire the
approval of adoption in every state and once a couple qualifies, they are
granted the child of interest with the expectations of taking care and ensuring
the child is in safe hands.

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Other reasons for adoption may be due to
parents unwilling to raise their children due to financial status or another
status as indicated above. Although the passage is an excellent alternative of
nurturing children of the parents who are not able to take care of the
children, raising those kids is not as easy as anticipated to be for most of
them suffer psychological issues. One of the most expected effects on adopted
kids is Adopted child syndrome which leads the child to becoming rebel, liar,
abusive and without respect to the adoption triads. Apple founder Steve Jobs is
an example of an adopted child who emerged to be a world figure with
significant footprints in cell phone technologies. Although he was such success
in life, he kept on referring to “unresolved pain” caused by adoption which led
to a feeling of rejection and abandonment. There are plenty of other reason
which can lead to the adopted child syndrome. However, in as much as every
child desire to have caring parents, there are several challenges they face in
the hands of the step parents. In this paper, I will be sharing some of the key
contributors and Psychological effects of an adopted child.

            Rejection
feeling: Many adoptive parents commonly referred to as adoption triads or
adoption constellation find themselves in situations of not knowing what’s
bothering their adopted children. This condition confirms that these adopted
children undergo some challenges that may affect their health, well-being and
even their life progress. One of the most common physiological challenges they
face is the feeling of rejection. This is a condition that develops once the
adopted kids realize that he/ she is an adopted kid. Once the kid understands
that the parents she or he is living with are not the biological parents, the
tent to feel that their birth parents hated them which pushed them for the
adoption. This feeling of being left out entirely affects the adopted kid’s
progress, psychological health and healthy child development negatively. One
way of dealing with this kind of rejection feeling is through showing parental
love and care to that particular kid and give him a sense of importance in the
lives of adoption triads. (KOCHREKAR).

            Another prominent effect is a feeling of
loss and grief. The person adopted may end up in the state of feeling grief
after the loss of the biological parents. This damage can be characterized as
an ambiguous loss or loss of someone who might still be available and living
but not with you as a parent. Increased grief due to the loss of biological
parents may result in a feeling uncertainty living the kid with questions of,
“do I resemble my parents?” The adopted kid may not find the answers instead
they might end up being depressed especially when other kids in school or other
social places start mocking or questioning about the existence of the
biological parents. Adopted children who feel loved and cared for may be able to
deal with this kind of uncertainty feeling quickly.

One of the challenges is that adopted kids may
not open up, and for that reason, no one might notice what they are going
through. As a result, they end up being emotionally charged which may result in
anxiety, anger, fear and increase the feeling of grief and loss. They also tend
to have a sense of insecurity in that; their current parents would leave them
one day. This fear of separation makes them not to enjoy healthy life compared
to the non-adopted children.

Other secondary losses suffered by an adopted
child are such like loss of brother or sister, auntie or uncle, grandparents
and even cousins. This feeling might extend to the loss of cultural
connections, mother language, neighborhoods, friends and even familiar
surroundings. These are some of the challenges that develop due to a feeling of
loss and grief. However, the adoption triads can deal with such situations by
extending unconditional Love, care and a sense of inclusivity in a family where
there are other birth kids. Treating the adopted child just like your kid and
make him or she feel a beneficiary or an heir of the family privileges would
make these kids happier and comfortable to manage these challenges. (Welfare,
Impact of Adoption on Adopted Persons)

            Low esteem is another challenge faced by
an adopted child. This feeling relates to the belonging factor where the child
may not feel part of the current family set up. It may also be due to identity
issue where the kid will keep on asking questions on resemblance and even the
sense of value and dignity. The adopted kid may feel not valued by the family
because the adopted triads are not the biological parents. Variety of studies
reveal that adopted kids score low on self-esteem than the non-adopted ones
which confirm that they suffer from low-esteem. (Welfare, Impact of Adoption on
Adopted Persons)

            Identity concerns: This is a condition
that may affect an adopted child once they notice that they are chosen and if
not handled well in advance, self-identification can become so complicated.
These kids will start asking questions like who are their biological parents,
where are their parents, their resemblance, their original home, the state of
relationship with their biological parents and many others like their
traditions and heritage questions. (Foster)

            Most of the adopted kids don’t have
access to their natural or genetic family health whereabouts. As a result, they
might face challenges in treating some ailments or other related health issues
attached to their patrimonial family. This condition may affect the health of
adopted child both long termly and short termly hence putting their health
status at risk since the adoption triads may not learn or know the cause of
such ailments which entirely affects the easy access of right treatment. When
undergoing medication, medical history is quite helpful, and in the cases of
adoption, the adoption triads may lack the medical history of the child
depending on the status of the parents.

In most cases, some ailments can be traced back
to the grandparents hence assisting Doctors in prescribing the best medication
for that particular child. In this case, lack of genetic information may affect
the livelihood, developmental progress, general health of the adopted child
negatively. Additionally, the lack of historical medical erudition may cause
misdiagnosis due to the assumption of the information which might lead to
critical damage or health issues with the adopted child. However, those on open
adoption have the privilege of attaining the information form the parents where
the need arises.  (Welfare)

            For the open adoption, the adopted child
may feel shame and betray by the biological parents. This feeling might develop
once the child realizes that the biological mother or father is available and
reachable. Questions of Love, care, and even inheritance might arise leading to
complication and the esteem of the child as well. This shame is not only on the
side of the adopted kid but also affects the biological mother. The adopted
kids may end up hurting the new family on the line of looking for the truth
about the biological parents. This guilt, shame, and even low self-esteem come
up as a result of identity issues. Most of the kids wonder why they were given
up and whether they have unique thing or character that might have led to the
giving up for the adoption. Scenarios of openness also rise when these kids are
enquiring about their background information. However, the love and caring
aspects from the adoption triads matters a lot on the development of the
adopted kid. (KATHRYN PATRICELLI)

            Many adoption constellations discourage
the adopted child from researching their origin. When this kid is grown up,
they strangle and have fears of being disloyal to their adoptive parents after
finding their birth parents. Most of the adoptive parents hide this
information, and after some time, it turns against them when the child is in
need of knowing the truth. Some of the children lack the parental history based
on the condition the child survived and in such cases even the adoption
agencies require the same information. However, due to the lies and
distortions, the mystery of identity, the adopted child is filled with anger,
self-pity and therefore end up even breaking the relationship opting to go back
to the birth parents. In other cases, adopted kids may grow and find themselves
in the midst of entirely different ethnic group or race by color or even
religion. In this case, the fights on understanding the original home might
become severe creating difficulties in developments and sound health status.
(ALLAN SCHWARTZ)

            Most o the adopted kids mourn their
birth culture. This feeling comes along with the grief and guilt of inability
to speak their mother tongue although this happens for the transracial cases.
This contrary to the non-adopted kids who enjoy the sense of belonging,
cultural heritage and confidence of their identity. According to the Child
Information Gateway, adopted children might get depressed, angered, numbness
and even fear due to the loss of their birth parents or other siblings.
(AJMERA)

            Other adopted children suffer Adopted
child syndrome due to several factors highlighted above. This condition is
critical, and foster parents should be able to handle it in advance before
adverse stages. There are general symptoms of a child suffering from this ACS
including; Low esteem, depression, Identity crisis, Anxiety, feeling of grief
and rejection, conduct disorder, attention deficit, rebellion and oppositional
defiant disorder, separation anxiety and many others. Adopted Child Syndrome
has several severe effects on the child such as delays in the healthy child
development. This effect can be manifested later while aged in some ways like
social conflicts, difficulties in learning simple motor skills, attention and
reward seeker and also altitude towards corrections. Disorders in eating
patterns; such kids may develop over or under consumption behaviors, and even
food stealing. Alcohol and drug abuse; such kids may have drug abuse behaviors
during their teenage life if the foster parents are not keen observant of their
child behavior changes. (NAVULURI)

These are just some of the symptoms and once
identified, the foster parent should seek ways of helping the kid with an
expression of love, caring, proper handling and even encouraging their inputs
in times of family activities. This way, the kids will feel the sense of
belonging and might change their negative thoughts towards their lives, on the
other hand, become supportive and close obedient kids to their foster parents.
Foster parents should as well seek help when necessary from the relevant
agencies. Perseverance and patience is a critical aspect to be considered by
the adoptive parents because there are happy moments and stressful moments too
in the family life. (Thomas)