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    Forests cover about 30% of the planet, but deforestation is clearing these essential habitats on a large scale. Deforestation is the action of clearing a wide area of trees. Our forests produces oxygen and provide shelter for people and wildlife. Many of the world’s most threatened and endangered animals live in forests, and 1.6 billion people rely on benefits forests offer, including food, fresh water, clothing, traditional medicine and shelter (WWF).    About 45% of Earth’s original forestry has disappeared in the last 8000 years, most of which was a result of it being cleared during the past century (CBD). The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations recently estimated that about 13 million hectares of the world’s forests are lost due to deforestation each year; the annual net loss of forest area between 2000 and 2005 was 7.3 million hectares (CBD). Agricultural and logging are the main drive for deforestation. Farmers will cut down forests to provide themselves with more room for planting crops or grazing livestock. Logging operations, cut down countless numbers of trees each year, which provide the world’s wood and paper products.     Not all deforestation is intentional. Some is caused by a combination of human and natural factors like wildfires and overgrazing, which may prevent the growth of young trees (nationalgeographic). 46-58 thousand square miles of forest are lost each year (WWF).Deforestation can have extremely negative impacts on the environment, the most dramatic impact is a loss of habitats for millions of species. Eighty percent of Earth’s land animals and plants live in forests, and many cannot survive the deforestation that destroys their homes (nationalgeographic). Deforestation affects climate change. Forest soils are moist, but without protection from the sun blocking trees, they can quickly dry out. Without trees to fill these roles, many forest lands can quickly become dry environments that are not livable for the former species that lived there. The most attainable solution to deforestation is to manage forest resources by trying to eliminate the number of forests being cleared. The cutting that does occur for essential supplies, should be balanced by planting young trees to replace older trees removed. WWF is an organization that focuses on sustainable forestry around the world and is concentrated in four key areas: forest certification, combating illegal logging, reforming trade and protecting forested areas. WWF works with local communities and other partners in forest management efforts so that forests can be secured and local economies can still benefit from their resources (WWF). WWF advocates for governments, international bodies and other stakeholders to make zero net deforestation a reality by 2020.Many people work in the logging industry. If there were laws placed that would ban deforestation then all of the employees will lose their job. This will result in an increase in poverty because people won’t have jobs to support themselves and families. This will also cause a global effect because it causes a decrease in the amount of wood products being produced around the world. with a reduction in the production of wood then more companies will close down causing more people to lose their jobs. Essentially this will have a domino effect. It was surprising to see how many people were unaware of this issue. The topic of deforestation has both a positive and negative side. Forests are essential for a variety of species to live among, but logging companies support the world’s need for wood products. Farmers need land to produce food and without clearing space we would have no space to grow food. Deforestation has to be controlled and maintained because without forests there would be no biodiversity.