From a “sociological perspective,” which hidden meanings behind human actions look beyond commonly held beliefs, Lucky Luciana’s special contribution to the uprising of the mafia depended on running the show based on profit loss capitalism like a board of directors would be run by a CEO in a legitimate business (Thomas 5). One major difference, however, was that Luciano, was an absolute dictator when it came to running his business.As the CEO, he saw no limitations and showed no mercy on taking down his oppositions through violence. The Mafia crime family was a tunnel of interconnected factions within a larger society that stayed hidden from the public view(political parties would be the same as opposing families in this case) that went to war with one another. “Sociological Imagination” “is the ability to see the connection between your personal life and the larger world.” It is also “the capacity to range from the most impersonal and remote to the most intimate features of the human self-and to see the relations between the two” (Thomas 5). Luciano started out his career as a clerk for a hat business around 1914. But by 1916, he earned six months at a reformatory for his work in crime for dealing with drugs. His major involvement with the got him involved with businesses such as loan sharking, prostitution, bootlegging, gambling, and drug distribution. The businesses that Luciano worked for were somewhat legal at small levels, but at the same there was major levels of corrupted legal practices, criminality, and illegal operations. Luciano held these conflicts with an iron hand and made his controversial businesses with few ethical and moral considerations. Using his connections and skills he connected himself to the larger world and made a profit over it. With bootlegging being profitable in the 1920’s Luciano found a way of getting around it. “the American Mafia was a prominent supplier of bootlegged liquor. That required good connections with the local police department and political machines.” (Reuter 89). The Mafia during Prohibition era flourished and became known as America’s underground criminal organization that ran New York City. “Ethnocentrism” is defined by W. LaVerne Thomas as “the tendency to view one’s own culture and group as superior.” In addition, it is the belief that the characteristics of one’s group or society are right and good, helping to build group unity.” (Thomas 35). With this philosophy in mind, the American Mafia used this dominant characteristic. The mob bosses took their Italian roots from Sicily and integrated it to Mafia organization in America. To be at the top of the Mafia you had to be geographically located in New York City and be of Italian heritage. With New York being dominated by its five major families, other smaller families emerged including the Masseria, Marazano, Mangano, and Profaci. Other ethnic groups in New York City posed a threat to the Mafia-primarily the Polish, Russian, and Irish organizations. This war with other ethnic communities tied in to the Mafia’s idea that they were superior to others and that they had the right to be in control of the city. “Cultural Relativism” in Thomas Repetto’s words is defined as an attitude in which one’s culture should only be judged by their own standards and not by applying another culture to their own.” In other words, it is the “attempt to understand cultural practices from the points of view of the members of the society being studied,” (Thomas 36), For the American Mafia’s case, the origins were based on morality and ethics that are male dominant and sexist. The defined code was a mixture of ethics, friendship, family, lifestyle, and property. These codes sound simple at first until you add the violence, corruption, faith, and trust. A strong sense of loyalty was always met first with the Family. It ran like a real true government, but a “clandestine” but often “better obeyed” and even “better understood.” (Reppetto 45). The Italian Mafia met with certain rules that had to be followed in order to be considered part of their organized crime syndicate. The money, power, and respect come into play as when abiding by these rules and if a member does not abide by these rules, failure to comply is a sign of dishonor. These “laws” include: 1) No one can present himself directly to another of our friends. There must be a third person to do it (loyalty). 2) Never look at the wives of your friends. 3) Never be seen with cops. 4) Do not go to pubs. 5) Always being available for the Cosa Nostra is a duty. 6) Appointments must absolutely be respected. 7) Wives must be treated with respect. 8) When asked for any information, you must tell the truth. 9) Money cannot be appropriated if it belongs to others. 10) People that are friends with the police, behave badly, or are known to be “two timing” (person attempts to maintain two separate relationships at once) cannot be in the Cosa Nostra.ConclusionThe Italian American Mafia philosophy is very misunderstood and is considered disagreed upon. When looking back at what the Mafia had to offer, it contained a solid structure that imitated the American government and society working in a capitalistic economy. What it did not have however, was a reasonable ethical and moral code that was based on America’s democratic principles. How is the Mafia able to keep a substantial amount of members while keeping them all in fear of being killed? The Mafia were dictators running on violence against the poor/less powerful and showed signs of sexism, ethnocentrism, and selfishness for their own good The only reason they had power was because they kept themselves in control and had power over everyone else. The Mafia took their time building an empire, swindling their way around the U.S Constitution, even trying to take advantages of the liberties of land and be above the law. Even after Lucky Luciano was in prison at the tail end of his career, he tried to offer the US help in the war effort during World War II by using his criminal connections in Italy to advance the Allies’ cause. The Mafia’s effort seek aid and alliance from the U.S government were impossible. By 1970, the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations (RICO) Act was passed by Congress. The RICO Act allowed “prosecutors to go after crime families and their sources of revenue, both legal and illegal.” (Staff 8) Years following, the Mafia membership underwent dramatic changes as the italian-american neighborhoods went through demographic shifts causing them to assimilate to American society. The mafia are definitely not proud examples of a morally acceptable counterculture lifestyle, but have proven nonetheless that if you want something done, then you gotta make them an offer they can’t refuse.