Having five to ten pounds extra it is not a big deal, but when those few pounds exceed in big numbers is very scary. because it makes that person at very high rise for different health issues. There are so many ways that a person can do to avoid and treat obesity to reduce those risks. Studies have shown that those people who have body mass index (BMI) greater than thirty are consider obese and they are at higher risk to develop, heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, and sometimes abortion in obese females. We can always calculate our BMI by simple equation which is done by, divining your weight in kilograms over height squared in centimeters. And if your number was between 25-29 than your considered over weight and once you excess the 30 than you’re your obese. Obesity can affect the body’s metabolism where basically is the engine of the body that burn the food to give us energy. The most common disease is the diabetes, it is no longer a condition that just affects older people, although it is likelihood to increase with age. Also,a well-known fact that if you are overweight or obese, you are at greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes, particularly if you have excess weight around your tummy. While the correct causes of diabetes are still not completely caught on, it is known that variables up the chance of creating distinctive types of diabetes mellitus. For type 2 diabetes, this incorporates being overweight (having a body mass file – BMI – of 30 or greater). In truth, obesity is accepted to account for 80-85% of the chance of creating type two diabetes while later investigate recommends that obesity individuals are up to 80 times more likely to create type two diabetes than those with a BMI of less than 22. Studies has shown that being obese there is a big chance to develop an insulin resistance, where changes cause fat tissue to release fat molecules into the blood, which can affect insulin responsive cells and lead to reduced insulin sensitivity. The second common disease is sever heart conitions is present due to the fact that obese persons have the tendency to produce high levels of free fatty acids, which build up in the liver and leads to the development of hypertriglyceridaemia .Which is known as cholesterol for common people . Hyperlipidaemia may also be found in obese people as low density lipoproteins (LDL) cholesterol is either normal or high in obese people, while high density lipoproteins (HDL) cholesterol is low. The ratio of LDL to HDL is high leading to greater atherogenic risk. Increased left ventricular volume and wall stress in addition to increased stroke volume and cardiac output are commonly seen in systemic hypertension patients .Which usually obese people who suffer from those two major diseases they also, suffer from hypertension which is high blood pressure in the inner walls of the arteries. The diagnosis of high blood pressure cannot be given for sure from the first time. Because there are two types of hypertension, which are primary hypertension and secondary hypertension. Most people with hypertension have primary hypertension.Primary hypertension is poorly understood and may be due to a number causes including kidney problems and neural activity. While secondary hypertension is less common and is the result of a different underlying medical issue, such as oral contraceptives, sleep apnea syndrome and coarctation of the aorta. Then there is also huge risk for women who are obese to suffer from different complications from getting pregnant, and they might go throw miscarriage because of their obesity. Sometimes even before pregnancy, if they are obese they are more likely to be infertility and have to do IVF where she gets injected with fertilized egg. There have been so many cases that obese women suffer from miscarriage because their uterus cannot hold it or if they have done something very light as any healthy weight pregnant would make them in dangerous. Being obese pregnant can cause problems for the baby Premature birth. This is birth that happens before 37 completed weeks of pregnancy. This is too soon and can cause serious health problems for the baby. Or Birth defects, including neural tube defects (also called NTDs). NTDs are birth defects of the brain and spine. A birth defect is a health condition that a baby has at birth. Birth defects change the shape or function of one or more parts of the body. They can cause problems in overall health, in how the body develops, or in how the body works. It may be hard for your health care provider to diagnose birth defects during pregnancy even prenatal tests like ultrasound. New studies haven’t found clear, one way association between weight and depression. Instead, studies have appeared that the two tend to feed off each other in self-destructive circle. Obesity causes depression and people are about 25 percent more likely to experience a mood disorder like depression compared with those who are not obese. Obesity can cause poor self-image, low self-esteem, and social isolation, all known contributors to depression. Obese people also face complications during surgeries especially with anesthesia. Because it can cause huge risks like lung infections, respiratory system depression which leads to death, or cardiovascular system problems like heart attack, stroke. There are so many ways a person can do to reduce the risk of all those diseases, and the major solution to fix it is simply by losing weight. True many of those diseases can be controlled with medication but those medications have side effects in long term use, it is like fixing something and damaging somewhere else. A lot of doctors try to reduce the weight of obese person by healthy dieting and exercise at the beginning to control early stages of all those diseases, but if that did not work they move to the second stage medication along with the healthy dieting and exercise . Sometimes with very obese people might those all won’t work the go to the last stage which is surgery to reduce weight. There are some studies shown that those surgeries like gastric bypass, where they taking small pouch of the stomach than connected to the intestine directly. This is considered one of successful surgeries nowadays to reduce weight in obese people, compared to the others where they work better on people who have BMI less than 34. Like the stomach botox where they inject a botox to the stomach to paralyzed it and takes space in stomach which makes the person feel full for longer times. In the end, having a healthy life with no diseases is a blessing. Especially if we are in control not to have it, and be stuck with life threating diseases like heart diseases, hypertension, diabetes, even depression. All that is done by simply controlling your food intake and having healthy lifestyle, so that you don’t reach to the obesity, and then having to go throw long and painful procedure just to be health.