HISTORICAL the south to find self-determination2005 (January):TheHISTORICAL the south to find self-determination2005 (January):The

HISTORICAL TIMELINE1899-1955:South Sudan is under British and Egyptian control while a part of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan1956:Sudan became its own country1962:Civil war movement began with the north and was led by Anya Nya1969:Col Jaafar Muhammad Numeiri and his group of military officers gain control and proceeded to outline a policy of autonomy for the south1972:In the Addis Ababa agreement ending the conflict between Anya Nya and the Sudanese army, the government approved of a measure of autonomy for South Sudan1978:Oil was first discovered in South Sudan in  Unity State1983:After President Jaafar Numeiri got rid of South Sudan’s autonomy, conflict broke out under the influence of John Garang’s Sudanese People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM)1988:Although it was never implemented, the ceasefire agreement between the the Democratic Unionist Party and the PLM was made1989:Military took control of the government2001:The Popular National Congress (a party led by Islamist leader Hassan Al-Turabi) signed a message with the Sudan People’s Liberation Army, SPLA, and Al-Turabi was arrested the next day2002:Discussions in Kenya motivated an agreement between southern rebels and the Sudanese government ending the civil war; the Machakos Protocol enabled the south to find self-determination2005 (January):The Comprehensive Peace Agreement, CPA, between the North and the South ended the civil war; it included the autonomy for the south, a permanent ceasefire, an equal government including rebels in Khartoum, and a referendum on independence in six year2005 (July):John Garang, a retired southern rebel leader, becomes the first vice president; a new Sudanese constitution that is signed gives the south some of the rights of self-government (autonomy)2005 (August):Garang dies in a plane crash and Salva Kiir Mayardiit takes over2005 (October):A self-governing (autonomous) government is created along with the peace deal of January of 2005; the administration is primarily composed of (former) rebels2006 (November):Hundreds of people die in the fighting in Malakal; the heaviest between northern Sudanese and previous rebel forces since the peace deal of 20052008 (March):Emotions are high when conflicts occur between the SPLM and an Arab militia in Abyei, an oil-rich area, on the divide between the north and the south2009 (July):The north and south claim to accept ruling by arbitration court in The Hague that shrinks the Abyei area and places a major Heglig oil center in the north2009 (December):A deal is made between the leaders of the North and the South on the terms of referendum referring to the independence that is due in the South by 20112011 (January):Civilians of South Sudan vote for full independence from Sudan2011 (February):100+ die as a result from the conflicts between the rebels in southern Sudan’s Jonglei state and security forces2011 (May):North takes over the border region of Abyei2011 (June):Both governments sign an accord that would remove all military forces from the Abyei area and allows an Ethiopian peacekeeping force to come in2011 (July):July 9th of 2011 is South Sudan’s Independence day2011 (August):UN claims that +/= 600 people have died as a result of the ethnic clashes in Jonglei state2012 (January):A disaster in Jonglei State is declared by South Sudan after 100,000 flee clashes occurred between two ethnic groups2012 (April):South Sudan troops take over the oil field and border town, Heglig, temporarily before they are pushed back; Sudanese warplanes attack Bentiu in South Sudan2012 (August):200,000 refugees go to South Sudan to leave the violence between the Sudanese army and rebels in Sudan’s southern border states2012 (September):A agreement on trade, security deals, and oil is reached between the presidents of South Sudan and Sudan after long discussions in Ethiopia2013 (March):South Sudan and Sudan agree to continue the extraction and production of oil after a disagreement on the fees that caused them to shut down the production a year before; also agreed to extract troops from the border to create a military free (demilitarised) area2013 (June):Kiir lets go of Kosti Manibe from Finance and Deng Alor, the Minister of Cabinet Affairs, after a multi-million dollar affair and got rid of their immunity from prosecution2013 (July):Kiir lets go of Vice President Riek Machar and the entire cabinet as a result of a struggle for power in the governing of Sudan People’s Liberation Movement2013 (December):Civil war breaks out after Kiir blames Machar for planning to overthrow him; rebel groups take over three regional towns and many people are killed and even more leave; Uganda troops become involved and fight alongside the government2014 (January):A ceasefire is made and approved, but is violated three times over the following weeks; discussions in February did not end the conflict that forces over a million people to flee by April2014 (April):UN announces that Machar forces raided Bentiu, an oil town, and killed hundreds of innocent people2014 (August):Discussions of peace are started in Addis Ababa, the Ethiopian capital, and continue on for months during the constant bloodshed2016 (April):Machar goes back to Juba and is sworn into a new unity government as the first vice-president, but is eventually fired in July when disputes continue and he returns to his exiled state2016 (November):UN fires the Kenyan commander of peacekeeping mission after having failed to save the people of Juba during the fighting; Kenya retracts its troops from the mission; Japanese peacekeepers deploy their soldiers for the first time in almost 70 years with a message to use force if necessary and arrive in South Sudan2016 (December):A UN group on human rights proclaim that the ethnic cleansing process has already begun in three areas of the country, and Kiir adamantly denies the objection2017 (February):Starvation is made official in certain areas that the UN depicts as a man-made disaster resulting from civil war and economic instability and failure2017 (May):Kiir announces a unilateral ceasefire and began a national dialogue