How to determine if excess weight? Where to start the process of struggle against excess weight? Of course, with attempts to define its presence. It would be wrong to do it “by eye”, as is often the conclusion about the presence of overweight is premature. This is due to the standards that are imposed to us modern mass culture. The obsession with fighting non-existent “obesity” leads to various diseases, e.g., anorexia and/or bulimia. The causes of such unfortunate consequences: the abuse of numerous “magic remedies”, Badami and unbalanced diets. In Russia, overweight rarely seen as a problem, which should go to the doctors. This further exacerbates the problem. To determine excess weight there is an indicator called body mass index (BMI). To calculate the BMI, divide weight (in kilograms) by height squared (in meters). If your BMI is between 19 and 25, overweight problems have not. A BMI of 25 to 30 indicates overweight, over 30 is obese. Causes of overweight Obesity are divided into primary and symptomatic, when the extra weight is a symptom of another disease. The primary causes of overweight are: genetic predisposition, excessive consumption of food and lack of exercise. With regard to heredity, the scientists agree that there is a greater or lesser genetic predisposition to weight gain, but genetic factors are always implemented in close connection with the way of life. Before “blaming genetics”, it should be noted that often a greater impact still have the family eating habits that are passed down from generation to generation. And habits is something we can change. The same applies to a sedentary lifestyle. The conclusion is simple: everything is in your hands. However, do not own to struggle with excess weight. It is better to entrust to professionals. Some medicines can also lead to an increase in body fat. These include corticosteroids, female-hormonal agents, antidepressants, etc. Taking these drugs should always be by appointment and under the supervision of a physician. Excess weight may be the result of some pathological conditions such as dysfunction of the thyroid or pituitary gland, hypoplasia of the sex glands, Cushing’s disease and damage to nerve cells in the hypothalamus. The effects of excess weight Excess weight is often a cause of a violation of many body functions. First and foremost, excessive weight increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Excess body weight has a negative impact on the musculoskeletal system, causing the deformity, osteoarthritis of large joints and other violations. Excess weight leads to various metabolic disorders, resulting in can develop atherosclerosis and diabetes. Prevention of overweight People with a tendency to overweight, one should balance the amount of food consumed and the level of physical activity. The diet should be balanced. The increase in physical activity, exercise needs to go along with the change in diet. It is important to understand what exactly happened in your case, the main factor of weight gain – a change in diet or decrease exercise. Then you will be able to find the optimal solution, which is perfect for you. Another essential element of prevention that is often overlooked is regular screening and testing. Such measures will help to identify and solve the problem at the early stages of its occurrence.