Human transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt ofHuman transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of

Human trafficking is a transnational crime that has a
large impact in several countries, including the United States and Russia. Human
trafficking is the “recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt
of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion,
of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of
vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve
the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of
exploitation.,” as define by Article 3, paragraph (a) of the Protocol to
Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons. (www.unodc.org) It is estimated
by the International Labor Organization that there are 20.9 million victims of
human trafficking globally. (polarisproject.org)

            Trafficking people is a genuine
wrongdoing and a grave infringement of human rights. Consistently, a large
number of men, ladies and children fall under the control of traffickers, in
their own nations and abroad. This is a form of modern slavery, and relatively,
every nation on the planet is influenced by it. (www.unodc.org) In Russia, 0.73%
are living in modern slavery, that’s an estimated 1,048,500 people. (www.globalslaveryindex.org)
In the United States, between 14,500 and 17,500 people are involved in modern
slavery each year – although that number is very high, it’s much smaller than Russia’s
numbers. (www.dosomething.org)

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The stance the United States takes on slavery is
expressed in the U.S. Constitution, Amendment XIII “Neither slavery nor
involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall
have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place
subject to their jurisdiction.” While in Russia, the “Russian law doesn’t recognize
the concept of slavery,” which is why there’s a large difference in the number
of people being trafficked in Russia and in the United States. (www.opendemocracy.net)

In the United States, if you’re caught trafficking humans/partaking
in modern slavery, the punishment ranges from one year in prison up until life
in prison. It all depends on which state in the U.S. you’re in when caught, and
how much involvement you had in trafficking humans. (www.ncsl.org) In Russia, the
punishment for the same crime is up to 10 years in prison, with some unofficial
reports stating that some people have received up to 13 years and some people have
received as little as a few months. (www.state.gov)

To conclude, between different countries, the statistics
compiled about human trafficking can be compared based on the laws of the actual
countries. Belarus is the number one country for human trafficking, but the
government still has not increased law enforcement efforts, and the penalty is
prison time ranging from five to fifteen years in prison. The penalties for that
crime in Belarus are considered to be stringent, even though no one faces the
penalty of life in prison, as in the United States. Ranked from one to ten of
countries that have the worse human trafficking statistics and history are: Belarus,
Central African Republic, China, Eritrea, Iran, North Korea, Russia, Sudan,
Syria, and Venezuela. (borgenproject.org) The United States is not even ranked
in the top ten for countries that are the worse in human trafficking, and it
could be said that human trafficking is so low
in the U.S. because of how serious the crime is taken. If a crime as serious
as human trafficking is taken lightly, then naturally, the crime is likely to
be committed more often.