In English and Ottoman became trading partners

In the sixteenth century, for the first time the English started to interest them in the Mediterranean. The sense of competition in Trade, led them compete with the Spanish Empire. The English also wanted to get know how the Ottomon Empire could hold his folk together. Around 1620 the English and Ottoman became trading partners and so began the relation between them. The Ottoman Empire began to be described in England by painting and objects. The portraits of Ottoman Sultan´s began to collected by the English people. But this was not all, the ´Turkey´ carpets had also a lot of English admirer. Also the English King, Henry VIII desired to dressing in Ottoman clothes and accessories. When the factors of the Levant Company began to serviced in Ottoman, a lot of objects of the Ottoman´s were brought to England to sell or as gifts. At long last, it is important that immediate exchange extravagance materials with the Ottoman Empire changed not just the traders cultural horizons. It changed also the cultural horizons of the factors of the Levant Company. Between the 16th and 17th century, the English thought more about the Religion of the Ottoman´s than the trade with them. They write about the great empire and about their religion. In 1453, when Constantinople captured by Fatih Mehmed (´the Conqueror´) the Renaissance era began for the Ottoman empire. Towards the end of the 16th century, the Anglo-Ottoman treaty made sense to the trademen in Elizabethan era. Some of this were Lord Burghley and Sir Francis Walsingham. When Elizabeth I became Queen, the trade with the east became limited because of the Catholics. Queen Elizabeth tried to incite the Ottoman against the Catholic Spain. In this way, she thought that she could weak the Ottoman when they are on the sea. She wrote a letter to Murad III in 1579, she said that she is the most powerful Christian counsel against the idolatries. This manner of Queen Elizabeth against the Catholics brought Murad to sign a trading agreement, the Ahidnâme. Ahidnâme is a kind of constitutional text belonging to the Ottoman Empire, often called capitulation. During the early modern period, the Ottoman Empire referred to this document as the Ahidname-i Hümayun or imperial collateral, and the Ahidnâme functioned as the official treaty between the Empire and various European states. There is still a need for detailed research on what kind of document the Ahidnâme is and about the historical background. But it is known that Ahidnâme has an important place in Ottoman diplomacy and that it provides contractual agreements between the two states. Ahidnâme is an effective practice because it helps to structure the society and to maintain the compromises between the nation states. By the 16th century, Venice began to pursue a policy of maintaining peaceful relations with the Ottoman Empire. In 1453, after the conquest of Constantinople, the Ottoman Empire became the most powerful state in Europe. As a result, Venice was forced to act carefully in order not to fuel any conflict. The treaty Ahidnâme became a useful communication tool for the two states in the struggle.

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