In the early 1600’s, Europeans began migrating over to the established thirteen colonies of Jamestown, at request of the citizens. Most of the citizens that migrated over were wealthy middle-aged men and their families, but on occasion, an indentured servant (Or a slave) could be brought over with the families. This was the first time African Americans were introduced to the territory, and it spiked some debate. Through the years, the population of Caucasians and African Americans would rise, with the African Americans being passed down from owner to owner through the many generations. Many of the population lived in the south, and due to the Caucasian refusal to work in the hot sun and the lack of industrialization, the work that was offered mainly centered around the cotton plantations. Quickly, the demand for cotton increased, which lead to the invention of the cotton gin in 1793, as well as an African American slave dependency for cotton harvestation. In the election of 1860, democrat Abraham Lincoln was elected, which lead to a succession of the southern states based off of Abe’s stance on the idea of slavery. The south had successed, defending their opinion due to the economy being so dependent. Eventually, slavery was abolished, but the southerners were still not in favor of that, which lead to unfair treatment and exclusion of newly found rights. This solidified the need for ideology of slavery in the south, and the history of their servitude solidified opinions of them being lesser value than Caucasians. In the article, “A case for Reparations”, author Ta-Nehisi Coates argues that the idea of reparations should be a widely discussed topic in American conversation. However, Coates is not suggesting that an exact number of taxpayer dollars be given to every African American in the nation. Coates states that even through debate, it is not possible to come up with a definitivie number that would pay for hundreds of years of enslavement and abuse. Instead, he argues that the idea of reparations is what’s important. Rather than paying money, Americans need to begin by considering what the nation might owe its African American population after the years of slavery, discrimination, sharecropping, literacy tests, redlining and much more that they have been subjected to. Coates states that that topic of debate may or may not lead to actual tangible payment, but it is important to keep the topic alive. The fundamental problem, Coates says, is that many Americans seem blindsided by their nation’s history and of the mistreatment of African Americans, which has significantly affected in making the country what it is today. African Americans were denied education and political rights gained through the fourteenth and fifthteenth amendment, their property was stolen or vandalized, and they were not protected by law. Practices like the ones faced by African Americans do not disappear in a few short years. On top of this, the drivers of the gradual growth of the middle-class in America during the twentieth century, such as homeownership with loans guaranteed by the Federal Housing Administration and the GI Bill were denied to black Americans. Author Coates tells a story of a black man named Clyde Ross, who fled from discriminatory mississippi to find work in Chicago. Ross worked hard to save money and raise a family, and like many other Americans he dreamed of owning a home, which was seen as the American dream, then and now. However, the only way for an African American to buy a home in Chicago in the mid-twentieth century was to buy from predatory “contract” sellers who charged incredibly high rates with few legal protections for buyers. The result was that Ross had to work twice as hard, with his already lowered wage. This in turn affected his family. To keep up with his payments, Clyde Ross took a second job at the post office and then a third job delivering pizza. His wife took a job working at Marshall Field. Ross’s neighbor Mattie Lewis was in a similar situation: “You cut down on things for your child, that was the main thing,” said Lewis. “My oldest wanted to be an artist and my other wanted to be a dancer and my other wanted to take music.” Coates says these homebuyers were aware they were getting ripped off but accepted as a fact of life that the only way for a black person to make it in America was to get “robbed” by Caucasian people. Though this discrimination is still prevalent today, the story is told as what was typical for the average African American. If this story had been about a Caucasian, it would have been all over the news and would have changed in a jiffy. Personally, I feel that African Americans do deserve reparation, but rather in the form of possibly child education and a small payment. I feel that if large sums of money were handed out, some families would possibly spend them and then complain again as to gain more reparation, as to “game” the system. If education was given to the family, it would possibly put a child through school that would not have been able to before, and also give their future children or family a good start in life, while not inconveniencing the family. It does pain me that Caucasians typically have a leg up in life due to skin color in aspects of education, workers wages, housing, and more, but I do not feel that giving cash handouts is the way to make up for that and the abuse they have been through. In addition to education, I feel a sufficient way to give reprimands to African Americans could also be through support of their movements, such as black lives matter. We typically see our Caucasians demoralizing the supporters, but I feel it could be a good change if they were able to get more support. Sometimes, I feel ashamed to be of Caucasian descent due to my history, but I make it a point to just do good by myself, and see the world through the eyes of equality. Though the type of reparation can be debated, I most definitely believe that African Americans deserve it. Caucasians are constantly being catered to and discriminated against a lot less, and I feel that reparation and support would be a meaningful apology for the history of the nation, and a promise for the future to promote equality.