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In Brazil, universalizing religion is most common. Approximately 64.6% of Brazil’s population  practice Roman Catholic, 22.2% of Brazil’s population are Protestant and 2.2% practice Spiritist. A specific example of a common religion influencing the cultural landscape is the statue of Christ the Redeemer. Placed on top of Mount Corcovado, it symbolizes Christianity across the country. During the time of its making Brazil was entirely Catholic, it made perfect sense for the project to be funded through the Catholic Church. It soon became a popular Christian pilgrimage site.  Today, the statue has become a symbol for christianity and a tourists highlight. Extensive tourism networks made the statue more easily accessible. Also chapels was added to the site to accommodate the pilgrims who desired to hold religious celebrations such as baptisms and weddings there. A specific example of a common religion influencing Brazil’s values are Carnivals. Carnivals is a Catholic event where they celebrate because it was the last time to eat abundantly before the 40 days of Lent, a period of frugality starting on Ash Wednesday. The celebration includes live music, street performers, dancing, floats, costumes, food and beverages.Population and MigrationThe vast majority of Brazilians live near, or along the Atlantic Coast. This is perhaps due to the fact that most of Brazil is covered by the Amazon Basin. In Brazil the coast is where many job opportunities are and where the city is. The center is filled with the Amazon Basin so not many people live there. Also most urban areas develop near some sort of body of water because it is a easy and logical way of importing and exporting products.Brazil Population DataCrude Birth Rate: 14.1 births per 1000Crude Death Rate: 6.7 deaths per 1000Total Fertility Rate: 1.75 babies per womanInfant Mortality Rate: 17.5 deaths per 1000Doubling Time: 48 yearsRate of Natural Increase: 0.9% Brazil is in stage 3 of the Demographic Transition Model. This means that there are still more births than deaths. The population pyramid has a large middle class and younger class but a small elderly class. This can cause a large dependency on both the youth and the elders. The total dependency ratio is 43.8%, Children make up 32.4% of the population and elderly make up 11.4% of the population. 15.6% of working age people are still dependent on the government. The population is growing based on the population pyramid. With a large number of births, the population is growing rapidly which causes the population to grow at a extensive rate with a low birth rate. The Brazilian Society of Family Welfare promotes and provides family planning services, especially for the poor. The program provides assistance towards adolescents, clinical and lab service, demographic and social surveys, and social marketing and contraception. The program is providing education is promoting anti-natalist which can cause a decrease in Brazil’s birth rate and total population.Political Organization One modern ethnic movement is the decolonization of Brazil. With the defeat of Napoleon, the Portuguese crown returned to Portugal. João VI opted to remain in Brazil as well as his son Pedro I. Pedro I, remained as regent in Brazil, but after years of being Portugal’s equal, its status was reduced as the Portuguese elites tried to reassert royal authority over the former colony. This change did not sit well with Brazilian elites who had been at the political center of the empire for thirteen years. Brazil encountered a mass amount of independence movement which led to Brazil’s independence without any warfare. Brazil is considered a state. A state is a politically organized territory with a government that is recognized by international community. While the official language of Brazil is Portuguese, the indigenous people of Brazil speak more than 150 languages. It is also divided into 27 federate states so Brazil is a Federative State and since it is also a Republic, governed by the people elected to represent them, Brazil is a Federal Republic. A modern boundary dispute involves Brazil and Uruguay over Braziliera/Brasileira Island and Rincón de Artigas. Brazil considers that the territory belongs to it legally and it does not know the Uruguayan claims considering that there is no pending litigation between both countries, so until 2014 it does not accept to make conversations about it. Brazil is a member of the Organization of American States, G20, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization and the United Nations. Brazil system of government is a federal system. There are over 240 tribes living in Brazil and the government has recognized 690 territories for its indigenous population but most are located in the Amazon. Today many tribes are facing industrialization of the Amazon. Several hydroelectric dam complexes are being built near uncontacted Native groups, which would deprive many Natives of land and water.Agriculture, Food Production, and Rural Land UseCassava is considered to be originated from Brazil but is now spread to Africa and other tropical areas. Brazil has two main agricultural areas to the country. Southern Brazil is focuses more on commercial agriculture because it has advanced farming technology and soils here are fertile and the higher rainfall levels so it produces the most of the country’s grains, export crops and oilseeds. Northeast Brazil faces many droughts, lacks infrastructure, and good soil, due to minimal rainfall and is occupied mainly by subsistence farmers. Significant crops in Brazil include coffee, soybeans, wheat, rice, corn, sugarcane, cocoa, citrus and beef.Central Brazil has very tough soil and was considered unsuitable for farming, but it was soon discovered that soybeans actually thrived in the dry conditions. Cattle farming is mainly used in order to plow most of the soybeans and other crops. Majority of farms are very small, located in Northeast Brazil and produce subsistence farming. Under the overarching conditions it is impossible that numerous young ladies living in urban zones and endeavoring to influence a profession to can depend on a back-up occupations in which they can backpedal to their families living from farming.A modern food issue in Brazil is land degradation and water pollution. These current issues are caused by improper mining activities. This can cause problems connected to agriculture because the land is no longer able to produce food and the polluted water can cause the wastewater and polluted surface and groundwater which contaminate crops and transmit disease to consumers and farm workers.Environment A current significance environmental problem is deforestation is the Amazon Basin of Brazil. Mass destruction of the area was caused by illegal logging, soy plantations, and cattle ranching. This can cause a huge problem with population. A large proportion of Brazil’s indigenous people living in the Amazon Basin, many of these Natives have no contact or experience with the outside world. The Natives are very isolated people so when invaders enter their land, they haven’t built up immunity to diseases that the invaders are immune to and common elsewhere, which is why they are so vulnerable.