INTERNET God for His divine blessing makesINTERNET God for His divine blessing makes





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Md. Shahin Alam

ID: 141-15-123)

Fahmida Fahim Shrabony

ID: 133-15-121


This Report Presented in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Bachelor of Science in Computer Science and Engineering




Supervised By


Md: Tanvir Rahman


Department of CSE

Daffodil International University










Dhaka, Bangladesh

27 DECEMBER 2017





This Project titled “INTERNET OF THINGS: A DETAILED REVIEW”, submitted by Md:Shahin Alam and Fahmida Fahim Shrabony to the Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Daffodil International University, has been accepted as satisfactory for the partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of B.Sc. in Computer Science and Engineering (BSc) and approved as to its style and contents. The presentation has been held on 27 DECEMBER 2017.


Board of Examiners



Dr. Syed Akhter Hossain                                                                              Chairman

Professor and Head

Department of CSE

Faculty of Science & Information Technology

Daffodil International University




Dr. Sheak Rashed Haider Noori                                                    Internal Examiner

Associate Professor

Department of CSE

Faculty of Science & Information Technology

Daffodil International University




Md. ZahidHasan                                                                              Internal Examiner

Assistant Professor

Department of Computer Science and Engineering

Faculty of Science & Information Technology

Daffodil International University









We hereby declare that, this project has been done by us under the supervision of Md. Tanvir Rahman, Lecturer, Department of CSE Daffodil International University. We also declare that neither this project nor any part of this project has been submitted elsewhere for award of any degree or diploma.


Supervised by:



 (Md. Tanvir Rahman)


Department of CSE

Daffodil International University



Submitted by:



(Md :Shahin Alam)

ID: -141-15-123

Department of CSE

Daffodil International University



(Fahmida Fahim Sharabony)

ID: -131-

Department of CSE

Daffodil International University











First we express our heartiest thanks and gratefulness to almighty God for His divine blessing makes us possible to complete the final year project/internship successfully.



We really grateful and wish our profound our indebtedness to Md. Tanvir Rahman, Lecturer, Department of CSE Daffodil International University, Dhaka. Deep Knowledge & keen interest of our supervisor in the field of “Internet of Things” to carry out this project. His endless patience ,scholarly guidance ,continual encouragement , constant and energetic supervision, constructive criticism , valuable advice ,reading many inferior draft and correcting them at all stage have made it possible to complete this project.



We would like to express our heartiest gratitude to Md. Reduanul Haque, Lecturer, Department of CSE Daffodil International University and Dr. S.M Aminul Haque , Assistant Professor & Associate Head, Department of CSE, for his kind help to finish our project and also to other faculty member and the staff of CSE department of Daffodil International University.



We would like to thank our entire course mate in Daffodil International University, who took part in this discuss while completing the course work.



Finally, we must acknowledge with due respect the constant support and patients of our parents.


December 27, 2017







Internet is a revolutionary invention in modern world and previously it connected only the humans to machines. But now related to many thing this could be anything that related to internet or connected through it. This new concept also named as IOT (Internet of Things) one of the most familiar inventions in the field of Information Technology. IOT has provided an opportunity to build powerful industrial system and applications by leveraging the growing ubiquity of RFID, wireless, mobile and sensor devices. Many industrial IOT applications have been increasingly developed and deployed in recent years. Nowadays, controlling and monitoring plays a main role in our day to day life. Everything we can monitor and control using advanced technologies. Remote access is a wonderful feature that came because of high speed internet. The future is Internet of Things, which will transform the real world objects into intelligent virtual objects. IOT creativity of this new era is boundless, with amazing potential to improve our lives.  IoT delivers on demand real-time services and assists in saving time, resources and even manpower. The following thesis is an extensive and important reference to the possibilities, utility, applications and the evolution of the Internet of Things This manuscript will give good comprehension for the new researchers, who want to do research in this field of Internet of Things and facilitate knowledge accumulation efficiently.



















CHAPTER TITLE                                                                                                    PAGE  


Title Page                                                                                                                          I  

Approval                                                                                                                           II  

Declaration                                                                                                                       III

Acknowledge                                                                                                                   IV

Abstract                                                                                                                            V

Table of Contents                                                                                                            VI

List of Tables                                                                                                                  VII

List of Figures                                                                                                                  IX

List of Abbreviations                                                                                                        X


CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION                                                                                                                  

1.1   Overview                                                                                                                    1                                                                                                                                                                                                                        

1.2   Background                                                                                                                2                                                                                                   

1.3   Overview of the top level components                                                                      4                       

1.4   What Makes Up the Internet of Things?                                                                    5                                                                                    

1.5    The IOT reference model                                                                                          7                                                   



2.1 IOT Technologies Description                                                                                    10

2.2 IOT Technologies   

      2.2.1 Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)                                                              11

      2.2.2 Electronic Product Code (EPC)                                                                          12

      2.2.3 Barcode                                                                                                               12


CHAPTER 3: IOT ARCHITECTURES                                                     

3.1 Smart Device /Sensors Layer                                                                                       15

3.2 Gateways and Networks                                                                                               15

3.3 Management Service Layer                                                                                          16                                                                                   



CHAPTER 4: FEATURES of IOT                                                                18

4.1 IOT Intelligence                                                                                                               18

4.2 IOT Connectivity                                                                                                             18

4.3 IOT Sensing                                                                                                                     18

4.4 IOT Energy                                                                                                                      19                                     

 4.5 IOT Expressing                                                                                                               19



5.1 Privacy and Security                                                                                                         21

5.2 Cost versus Usability                                                                                                        22

5.3 Interoperability                                                                                                                 22

5.4 Data Management                                                                                                             22

5.5 Device Level Energy Issues                                                                                              23



6.1 IoT network and Security                                                                                                  24

6.2 IoT authentication                                                                                                              24

6.3 IoT security analytics                                                                                                         25

6.4 IoT API security                                                                                                                 25

6.5 IoT encryption                                                                                                                    26

6.6 IoT PKI




CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE RESERCH SCOPES                              28-29


REFERENCES                                                                                                 30-31






TABLE        TITLE                                                                                                     PAGE


0.1               IOT component and description                                                                  6    

0.2               The security requirements at different layer of IOT                                22-23 

0.3               IoT related Application                                                                            25-27

0.4               IoT Technologies future development and reach scope                           28-29





































FIGURE        TITLE                                                                                                   PAGE


1                   Internet Of thing                                                                                      2


2                   Internet of Things Schematic showing the end users-                             4

                     -and application areas based on data.


3                   Top Level Component of IOT                                                                           4


4                     Makes up the IOT.                                                                                   5


5                  ITU-T reference model for IoT. Taken from Recommendation               8

                    ITU-T Y.2060-and used with permission from author(s).

6                  Internet of things: Enabling technology                                                   12

7                  IOT Architecture.                                                                                     14

8                  IOT Main Features                                                                                   19






















 WORD             ABBREVIATIONS            



IoT                   Internet of Things

NFC                 Near Field Communication

RFID                Radio frequency identification

BTLE               Bluetooth Low Energy

M2M                Machine to Machine

ITU                  International telecommunication Union

IERC                Independent Evaluation Review Committee

MIT                  Massachusetts Institute of Technology

EPC                  Electronic Invention Code

QR                    Quick Response

LTE                  Long Term Evolution

ITU                   International Telecommunication Union

LAN                 Local Area Network

PAN                 Personal Area Network

UWB                Ultra Wideband

WAN                Wide Area Network

GSM                Global System Mobile

WSN                Wireless Sensors Network

GPRS               General Packet Radio Service

RAM                Random access memory