Kayla diagnosed of autism previous from the

Kayla
Hammitt

January
10, 2017

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

English
109

Wakefield’s Manipulation

Andrew Wakefield, a British
gastroenterologist, published a study in the Lancet that was fraudulent. His medical research was seized by the
UK medical register because they found dishonesty in his research paper. His
findings published in the research paper was the vaccine for measles, mumps and
rubella (MMR) caused a new syndrome of enterocolitis and regressive autism. Research
was granted from the UK’s government of Legal Aid to Wakefield for
enterocolitis with relevancy in gastroenterology for have inflammation in the
digestive tract, small intestine and colon. Aggressive autism, autism developed
in childhood, was discovered in the sample of children. The media arose when
the majority of people stopped getting vaccines with fear of developing this
disease. Authorities dug into Wakefield’s case to find how him and his team interpreted
this data. Researchers began to question and manipulate his methods for finding
autism was developed from vaccinations. The researchers found many
complications with the sample size, selection of the study and the controlled
environment. The profit from the study gave Wakefield motivation to publish his
fraudulent data, effecting the decline in vaccination administered. Wakefield’s
case was filled with ethical violations from the methods of vaccinating
children and scientific misrepresented when publishing the cause of Autism.

            This experiment exhibited holes and
assumptions found in the methods and sample size Wakefield used to prove that
vaccines led to autism. To begin, having prior knowledge of the selected sample
of children, Wakefield was looking for children to test with behavioral issues,
including language impairment. Twelve children, eleven boys and one girl, ages
three to ten years old, were referred to a pediatric gastroenterology unit with
the history of normal development followed by lost acquired skills, including
language, diarrhea and abdominal pain (Wakefield).  Sequentially, the signs of characteristics in
autism is children not responding to conversation, so there’s high “likelihood”
the children could have been diagnosed of autism previous from the trails. These
issues are crucial with scientific research and intently need to be reviewed
before published. Another misconduct was the sample size; having a small sample
size can increase error and is tough to support a large population. With the
sample size, Wakefield published that the children were previously normal and
the vaccine would show affects further after. He manipulated the methods by
ignoring the signs of autism already existed.

            The motivation behind this scandal
was the payroll. He spent two years researching this matter, and was getting
salaried throughout the entire process. Wakefield was working on a lawsuit, for
which he sought a bowel-brain “syndrome” as its centerpiece, claiming an
undisclosed $230 an hour grossing him at $435,643, plus expenses (Deer). This
high compensation held him to an authority of finding the leading cause of
autism. He extended the truth of his findings to prove that vaccines linked to
autism. Scientific accomplishments are accurate laws and principles that have
been proven through research and methods. Wakefield misrepresented the
information in his case to give him wages that will forever be unpatriotic and
unjustified in the field of medicine.

After the data was published the public
roared with confusion to get their children vaccinated. People still believe
that Wakefield’s findings are true and refuse to get their child vaccinated for
measles, mumps and rubella. Indeed,
given the prevalence of autism in England in 1998 of 1 in 2000 children
(Stanley). If Wakefield was correct, twenty-five children per month would
receive a diagnosis of autism soon after receiving MMR vaccine by chance alone
(Stanley). The astonishing numbers show a drastic unrealistic incline of with
children ASD that leads for fellow researchers to question the published data
and reevaluate the doctor’s methods. Parents feared the consequences of
vaccinations affecting their children. Mumps are life-threatening disease has
serious health risks and can spread through a larger population. Resulting from
this case, parents stopped vaccinating children and a larger outbreak of mumps
appeared.

The study was utterly discredited and
resulted with Wakefield being shamed by the laws of science. He misrepresented
the full study by giving false information and was conducted with manipulation.
Wakefield lied to the public by publishing a journal in the Lancet of false findings linking
vaccinations the leading cause of autism. Of the twelve children he tested,
eight showed signs of autism before the trail. His conduction of methods was
unreliable and showed many errors before given the vaccines. He showed desire
to prove this theory by lengthening the evidence. His paychecks were giving him
courage and support to mislead the nation with this impractical knowledge.
Having an enormous amount of profit gave Wakefield dignity to justify research
in a scientific journal. When publishing this phenomenon, the media emerged
with rage and stopped vaccinating their children. This movement escalated the
mumps, measles and rubella disease to spread. The manipulation of Wakefield associating
autism from the MMR vaccination is one of the biggest scandals in UK history

Work
Cited

Deer Brian. How the case against the MMR vaccine was fixed BMJ
2011; 342

Stanley Plotkin, Jeffrey S.
Gerber, Paul A. Offit; Vaccines and Autism: A Tale of Shifting Hypotheses, Clinical
Infectious Diseases, Volume 48, Issue 4, 15 February 2009, Pages 456–461, https://doi.org/10.1086/596476

Wakefield,
AJ et al. The Lancet, Volume 351, Issue 9103, 637 – 641 RETRACTED: Ileal-lymphoid-nodular hyperplasia, non-specific colitis, and
pervasive developmental disorder in children

 

Go Top
x

Hi!
I'm Rita!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out