Mala’ika Angels. The belief in angels is the second Article of Faith after the belief in Allah. As well as the very belief in angels, Muslims also believe that: they are Allah’s servants; they can only do as Allah commands; they are made of light; they obey all Allah’s commands; all angels are good, indeed incapable of bad; and they may be invisible to those not specified by Allah.
malik al talaq A person empowered with the right of divorce (talaq).
Malik ibn Anas al-Asbahi The founder of the Maliki school of Islamic Law (fiqh), after whom it is named. He is best known for his emphasis on the Hadith as a basis for Islamic law; indeed, he compiled a compendium of Hadith himself. He was also the teacher of Imam ash-Shaf’i, who himself went on to found a school of Islamic law, the Shafi’i.
Maliki One of the four schools of Sunni Islamic Law (the other three being Hanbali, Hanafi and Shafi’i), founded by Malik ibn Anas al-Asbahi. It places great emphasis on the words and deeds of the Prophet Muhammad as written in the Hadith. About a quarter of all Sunni Muslims adhere to this school. The Maliki school was originally referred to as the School of Hejaz or the School of Medina. Predominant in North Africa and significantly present in Upper Egypt, Sudan, Bahrain, United Arab Emirates and Kuwait. A distinguishing feature of the Maliki school is its reliance on the practice of the Companions in Medina as a source of law. Additionally, Malik was known to have used ray (personal opinion) and qiyas (analogy).
Mamluk A soldier with slave origins. The Mamluks had a thousand-year history dating from the 800s ce to the 1800s ce. As a class of warrior they played an important role in the early days of Islam, and some of their number did actually rise to sultan status.
Manat A pre-Islamic idol, worshipped in the Persian region.
mandoob Alternative version of the word sunnah, the actions, thoughts and deeds of the Prophet Muhammad.
manfa’ah The benefit gained from an object or property, particularly when it is leased. This could be a financial benefit or simply added convenience, which has an intangible value.
maqasid Goals, purposes, or general objectives. Often taken as meaning maqasid al-Shariah, the general purposes of Shariah.