Mastung, One of the report of SDPI

Mastung,
one of the districts of Kalat division with the area of 5896 square kilo
meters, is situated in north-west of Balochistan. However it used to be the
part of Kalat district but later in 1991 or 1992 was given the status of
seperate district. According to the Population census of 1998 its overall
population is 164645 out of which 87334 are male and 77311 consist of females
contributing to 46.96%  of the total
population. Moreover, its larger area is rural with the population of 140514
which is equal to 85.34 %. Urban population consists of 24131 i.e. 14.66 %. As
far as the literacy ratio is concerned it contributes to 37.66% to males and
only15.73% to females. More than 99% of the population is Muslim and belong to
Baloch cast consisting of different tribes. The local languages spoken mostly
are Persian and Birahvi. (Pakistan Bureau of Statistics).

                Now considering the women and
its education and empowerment, One of the report of SDPI (2007-2008) remarks
that it is the need of time to design strategies to diminish gender break. All
the plans and strategies are seemed to be implemented in urban areas of
Pakistan. Students, Teachers, Parents and even the people from the community
should be engaged in the betterment of the system not only in urban areas but
also in rural areas as well.

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                 Furthermore, the SDPI for
improving the education system identifies one of the important roadmap and
guides that there should be equity for the access of resources for both Men and
Women. There should be schemes and reforms that will permit Women (Mothers) to
work outside safely and easily and focus on women literacy to become
professionals and receive enough pay and be productive for the society in Urban
as well as in rural areas.

              Bradshaw et al (2013), while
explaining Women’s role in economic advancement, pointed out one of the world
bank’s report and discussed that the societies where gender biasness or discrimination
prevails, does not tend to move towards economic upgradtion and can not
actually eradicate the poverty as compared to the economies or societies who
account the same behavior with both the Men and Women. Bradshaw continuous and
explains that the per capita income of African countries would have
dramatically aggrandized to double digits if it had alleviated its trend of
gender break in their schooling system in 1960 and 1992. He further moves on
and clarifies that if women are actually considered Productive and reliable
labour force then they are better taskforce and choice for electronic and
textile industries. Moreover, Women, perceived as good handlers of Money and
responsible for returning back the loans have advanced them in being a better
choice for micro-finance schemes internationally. Importantly, Women are being
aimed for the provision of resources for the purpose of eradicating poverty as
they are evidenced and considered naturally efficient and better administrator
and allocator in the household like various cash transfer schemes especially
meant for women. (Benazir Income Support Programme is one of the eminent
example in Pakistan, meant for the purpose of eradicating poverty by empowering
women). It is very important to mention here that in the same study the
researcher further argues that this discrimination may not alter the position
and status of Women and empowering women would help in economic promotion, the
economic upgradation may not necessarily bring equality. However, enhancing
gender equity demands improvement of various aspects of women’s immunity or
self-determination such as Political and economic autonomy, Independence from
all kind of assault or compulsion.

               It is further remarked by
Bradshaw et al (2013) that contribution in human capital as a whole, their
education and health is an essential road-map for the development. as a matter
of fact healthy and literate women can better involve themselves in creative
and dynamic activities, go for conventional employment, enjoy more incomes and
have greater returns as compared to illiterate and unhealthy women. Literate
women tend to contribute in the education of their children.

               The arguments of Bradshaw (2013)
and the report of Dr.  Rakesh Chandra  are utmost important here to highlight, as it
supports the points proposed in the report published by Sustainable Development
Policy Institute (2007-2008) (mentioned in the above paragraphs) to some
extent  that women confront the
responsibility of work at home for which they are not paid whether it be family
business or some other cultural work. It could also be fetching water or
collecting wood for daily house hold necessities. Moreover, they have the
initial duty of cherishing their children and caring their older members as
well. It is important to remember that women. They further reveals that women
execute an essential role in “Care economy” which without a doubt
produces young and healthy workforce and also cares for the sick and old
people. But it also a bitter truth that all these efforts made by women are not
valued and highlighted that much as it should be and this entire endeavor doesn’t
come under the heading of general conceptualization of economy. Even if they
are paid for their work, still they are confronted with the double duties as
they might be allowed for paid work only after they complete their primary
house hold duties.

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