Mental health can be described as a state of being mentally fit, but being mentally healthy does not always mean a person does not suffer from a mental health problem. Good mental helps one fulfill their potential and can help one cope with life. Although good mental health is commendable, a person’s state of mind is always changing, meaning that different life occurrences can affect one’s mental health as they develop in life. There are different mental health symptoms that are currently evident throughout everyday life. When challenging the topic of mental health issues, most of them have been divided into two different groups depending on the seriousness of the problem. The terms given to describe these two groups are “neurotic” and “psychotic” (Steiner, 1993).Psychotic disorders are less common in everyday life. The symptoms that are associated with this disorder are impaired thoughts, perception and/or judgment. As a result, effects such as paranoia, hallucinations, or personality changes can be expressed from anyone suffering from a psychotic episode (???).Neurotic illnesses are mostly associated with experiences that are described as “normal.” When doctors associate this illness with the word normal, they actually mean that they are more common than psychotic disorders are. They can be any type of mental health imbalance that causes grief or distress to a certain extent; these disorders do not cause as big as a problem in everyday life as psychotic disorders do. Common symptoms of this type of mental health problem can be depressive behavior, anxiety or stress. Within neurotic disorders there are higher and lower levels of severity, based on the way people are affected from it, for example, nausea at the lower levels to excessive vomiting at the higher levels as a result of anxiety or stress (??Moore, 1978). World Health Organisation (1946) described mental health as “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.”Mental illness becomes a bigger issue with a cultural stereotype due to the way it has been labeled (Miles, 1988). Although mental illness is connected to instabilities in one’s mental state, as mentioned previously, a person can still be mentally healthy but still suffer from a mental illness. What is understood by mental illness is that it deals with a wide range of different mental health situations such as eating disorders, addictive behaviors, schizophrenia, anxiety, stress, and depression (Busfeild??). Mental health concerns are a common topic of discussion throughout society. There are many people that worry about their mental health throughout different times of their life. (talk about teens?). One should become concerned when there are ongoing signs of a mental illness. This stage is where a person’s ability to function and their good mental health can be put to a halt. The main issues with a mental illness are that because of the symptoms, being aware that you have a mental illness is that because of the symptoms, being aware that you have a mental illness can make a person miserable, causing even more of an interference in daily life and personal or professional relationships. Mental illness is something that can happen to anyone at any time, and at times it does not even require medical evidence to be recognized (Ineichen, 1979). On a website called “Beyond Blue,” there are personal explanations of how it feels to be depressed from the point of view of a person suffering from this illness. Primarily, the feeling is described as a terrible unwanted emptiness that can only be associated with anything along the lines of pain. Though it is not described as a physical pain, it was still noted that there was a feeling of wanting relief that could not be fulfilled. Depression is a medical illness constantly making a person feel sad and uninterested in life. It can affect how a behaves or thinks, and most importantly it can control how a person feels. People who suffer from clinical depression constantly have the sensation of feeling sad or unhappy with life whereas those who are temporarily upset usually overcome these feeling after allowing some time to pass (Berne, 2007).There are a number of different forms of depression, including major depressive disorder, dysthymic disorder, psychotic depression, postnatal depression and manic depression. A major depressive disorder is an illness that can critically affect a person’s health, wellbeing, and way of living. It is one of the more well known depressive states. People suffering from this form of depression often experience long periods of sadness and emptiness and find it hard to become motivated for any activities they may have enjoyed at one point. Major depression can affect a person’s sleep, study, or work pattern, as well as change their eating habits. Mild chronic depression or “Dysthymia” patients suffer symptoms for a long time, often for a number of years. This form of depression can be a one time experience for some people or can reoccur a number of times depending on the individual. To be diagnosed with this form of depression a person should have present in their lives a number of different depressive traits for the minimum of two years. Psychotic depression is a severe illness that includes hallucinations, delusions and a withdraw from reality. Postnatal depression usually occurs within a few weeks of a mother giving birth. Some of the symptoms of postnatal depression include low mood or incapability to cope. Manic-depressive illness can also be known as bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder is a genetic disorder associated with mood swings that can range from mild to highly extreme and can happen at any time for a short or long period of time (Webmd.com, 2014).Some of the psychological symptoms of depression include the consistency of a low mood along with feelings of worthlessness and self-hatred. In this state of mind, people will often begin to cry as a way of expressing their emotions. People that are depressed will often feel guilty and angry, and with this, they find it difficult to tolerate others and even themselves. Psychological symptoms of depression also include thoughts of self-destructive behavior including self-harm and suicide (owl).Physical signs of depression include the way in which a person will carry their body. They may move slower and be slouched, they also may have a monotone speech. Physical signs of depression can also be seen if a person is finding it difficult to stay focused or if their eating habits have changed. Due to a lack of motivation to change, a person suffering from depression can also suffer from sleeping disorders (Wasserman). Although there are fewer physical signs and it may be hard to spot if you aren’t trying to look for it, these symptoms can be recognized in a personal or professional setting. These include factors such as doing poorly in school or work or becoming distant with friends and family. People that are depressed tend to isolate themselves from their previous hobbies things they found fun at one point. One of the more obvious signs to look out for is how they are acting at home, for example, if their behavior has changed (Health.am)There is no single specific reason that can be pinpointed when it comes to figuring out the causes of depression. Depression is a term that cannot be explained as a result of one action that was taken or one incident that took place. However, there are a number of theories and components that try to interpret what type of factors can lead to an illness such as depression. For example, a person’s genes, their environment, or a personal experience can all be classified as factors that could lead to depression later on in life. Research suggests that depression can be triggered as a result or many different factors such as poor mood regulation by the brain or poor genetics. Other factors can include more personal and traumatic experiences such as a death in the family, abuse, or any other stressful life event. On the biological side of things, there is not enough solid evidence to prove this theory, researchers have identified certain genes that make individuals prone or vulnerable to low moors that could eventually lead to depression (Health.harvard.edu).Depression can lead to emotional and physical problems. People with depression can find it hard to go about their daily lives and even reach a point where they think life is not worth living. Untreated depression can become a serious problem and can lead to suicidal thoughts or actions. When depressiThere is a number of different ways to treat depression that are currently available to anyone, for instance, therapeutically. Talking to a trained therapist is one of the best-known treatments to help people with depression overcome their issues. Therapy sessions can go on from as little as a few months to years with a train professional working through all the recognized issues. Within the therapy sector, there are also a few different forms of therapy to consider (Webmd.com, 2014).Cognitive behavioral therapy focuses on your thoughts, beliefs, and attitudes towards life and what kind of an impact that has on the manner in which you face emotional problems. It also looks at how you can change a negative way of thinking to a positive one with the idea of changing the way you feel (Haddock and Slade, 1996). Cognitive behavioral therapy is often run over a short period of time between six weeks to six months. The idea behind it is that you eventually work up a plan to help tackle your problems focusing on the present rather than on the past (Mind.org.uk, 2014). Interpersonal therapy is a short-term treatment for depression that addresses the surrounding relationships with other people and what affects that has on the person suffering from depression. The idea behind this form of therapy is to deal with interpersonal issues by putting importance on the way symptoms are related to personal relationships (Webmd.com, 2014). Problem-solving therapy focuses on issues that a person is currently facing and works to try and resolve those issues by identifying solutions (Grumman, 2014). Aside from therapeutically, other methods of treatment are pharmacological. There are over 30 of different anti-depressant drugs that are recommended when suffering from depression. These medicines all work around the idea of trying to find a coping mechanism that works for every individual (Webmd.com, 2014).on is left untreated there is a higher risk of substance abuse and tension in relationships. There is enough evidence to believe that clinical depression can lead to problems such as strokes or coronary artery diseases when untreated. Untreated depression can also affect sleep patterns. In affecting sleep patterns the symptoms of depression are almost doubled as a lot of the effects are similar if not the same. There will be a constant need for sleep because energy levels are lowered drastically causing a person to become clouded in judgment and again return to a state of feeling useless (Webmd.com, 2014). It is also estimated that 50 percent of incidents of suicide have all been a follow-up of major depressive illnesses (Isometsa?, 1994).Mental illness is something that affects thousands of people in the United Kingdom. One in four people will reach a point in their lives where they are either directly or indirectly affected by mental health problems. Depression, in particular, affects one in twelve people. Those suffering from mental health problems are thought to feel that the social stigma that is attached to mental illness makes their situation harder to overcome. There is an obvious problem with discrimination when it comes to people with mental health disorders ranging from factors such as relationships, households and being able to find a decent job. For many years society has stereotyped the whole topic of mental illness and how it affects people. According to the equality act (2010), it is “illegal to discriminate directly or indirectly against people with mental health problems”. This applies to every different aspect of social and professional life (Mentalhealth.org.uk, 2014).