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Module Code: FC/PM 511Class Group: M12Module Title: Skills for study Assessment Title: Report Assignment Title: When attempting to reduce the Gender Gap in the workplace which is the best approach? Tutor Name: Ben WindleStudent ID Number: 201320518Date of Submission: Word count: Contents:Aim 3Gender gap around the world3Methods 3.1)Equal pay act33.2) Enforce paternity leave4   Requirements  4.1) Effectiveness44.2) Public acceptance4Comparison5.1) Effectiveness55.2) Public acceptance5ConclusionRecommendation5Reference List61.Aim.1.1) One of the two options given to diminish the gender pay gap is better than the other one because it recognize fairness and justice.1.2) The issue in the United States of America in regard to gender gap is concerning,due to the dilemma of getting a job therefore, males will get a job much easier than females. As reported by the World economic forum (2016), America was rated as the 28th country in gender gap. This evidence undoubtedly indicates  that the US should deal with  the gender gap to stay on the top of countries in gender gap.Table 1: America in gender gap25Spain0.74226Moldova0.74227Mozambique0.74128United States0.74029Cuba0.74030Canada0.74031Lithuania0.740Source: World economic forum 20162. Gender gap around the world.The matter of gender gap brought about by gender inequality. There is a gender gap in all the countries in the world, both developing and developed. According to Lyons (2012), women are deprived of equal opportunities in their societies regarding pay and progression in job levels mostly. This evidence clearly shows that the imbalance that exists between men and women in respect to these two factors are dictated by sexism, a notion derived from various cultures and religious backgrounds that position women below their male counterparts.3. Methods.3.1) Equal pay act:Firstly, one of the methods to solve gender pay gap is equal pay act. In addition, men and women who are in the same position should have the same wages. In addition, men and women who have the same qualifications should have the same promotion. Moreover, government should monitor all of the working areas and it should make sure that all of the working areas are following the equal pay law and this will reduce the gender pay gap. According to europa.eu (2014), men and women in the same level of job should get the same wage. This evidence clearly shows that the wages of men and women should be evaluated by their qualifications and their level of job. 3.2) Enforce paternity leave:  First of all, paternity leave should be given to fathers. In addition, some governments supports this idea which enforce companies to give fathers paternity leave. According to Atkinson (2016), fathers are required to have a 3 months of paternity leave  and if fathers did not, both parents aren’t going to get paid. This evidence clearly shows that the government should make a law that states that men should have a paternity leave because men should take care of children while women concentrate on their work so they can get equal opportunities to get promoted and to get higher salaries as men.4. Requirements.  4.1) Effectiveness Every government should take an effective method and apply it and see how effective is it. In this regard, it is better to use the method of criminalizing unequal pay than mass education because the latter has proven to be very unreliable in the past. The anti-discrimination law earlier mentioned was brought forward by a factory manager called Lily Ledbetter. It was signed into law by President Obama in 2009, and it can be used to formulate policies that can be used to force companies into submission (Sorock, 2010). This evidence clearly shows that The government will not only fear civil unrest or any other form of opposition that comes from advancing punitive measures, but it will also garner support from many like-minded people.4.2) Public acceptance The method should be accepted by the public and it should be agreed between the public and the government. The government should introduce a law which is accepted to the public to reduce the gender pay gap because if the law was not accepted that mean the country is wasting time , money and effort. According to (gov.uk, 2016), the public did not accept the protection of employment law because when their contracts transferred to another employer they resigned. This evidence clearly shows that some laws may not be accepted by the public. 5. Comparison.  5.1: EffectivenessEnforce paternity leave is more effective than equal pay act. Enforce paternity leave is a better method than equal pay act because when men take a paternity leave women will find equality. In Sweden, women earnings increased by 7 % per year because men takes leave paternity. As women’s earnings increase, that lead Sweden to reduce gender pay gap and get closer to solve it. Equal pay act is not active as enforce paternity leave on the community. According to Pearsall B (2013), Since President John F. Kennedy introduced the equal pay act during 53 years women still get 79% of what men receive so it changes by 0%. This evidence clearly shows that equal pay act will never be a solution to close the gender gap between men and women in the USA. 5.2: Public acceptance Equal pay act is more accepted to the public than enforce paternity leave. Equal pay act is more accepted to the public than enforce paternity leave because it is a law introduced from the government and it should be accepted from the public as it will lead the country to close the gender gap. According to europa.eu (2014), the Belgian public accepted that law by 67% of the workers. This evidence clearly shows that the equal pay act is introduced from Belgium government to reduce gender pay gap and it decreased because it was accepted by the public. Enforce paternity leave must not be accepted to all of the society because some men think that the paternity leave is a stigma. According to (Williams M, 2013) 40% of the public do not accept the law and want to continue working. This evidence shows that not all men would like to take paternity leave so it is not accepted for everyone. 6. Conclusion.The USA recorded as the 28th country in gender gap which is a high rank and it need to be improved if the US want to be one of the top countries in gender gap. There is a gender gap in all of the countries but there is more gender gap in developing countries than developed countries. To sum up, equal pay act is not effective such as enforce paternity leave because enforce paternity leave increased women’s earnings by 7 % however, equal pay act was not effective it changes 0 %. Overall, enforce paternity leave is not accepted such as equal pay act for the public because equal pay act in Belgium was accepted to 67% of the public however enforce paternity leave was accepted to 40% of the public.  7. Recommendation.The US government should enforce paternity leave to reduce the gender pay gap. Enforce paternity leave was more effective than equal pay act and it is the best option to reduce the gender pay gap. According to Pearsall B (2013), equal pay act has a change of 0% in America however enforce paternity leave increased by 7%. This evidence clearly shows that USA have to try paternity leave because equal pay act failed dramatically in the USA however enforce paternity leave had a positive results in Sweden. 8. Reference List.Atkinson E, (2016) . (BBC) (2016), Six ways to tackle the gender pay gap . online Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-37164297 europa.eu, (2014). How to close the gender pay gap at national level? . online Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/justice/gender-equality/files/gender_pay_gap/140319_gpg_en.pdf gov.uk,( 2016). Resignations during a business transfer .  online Available at: https://www.gov.uk/handling-staff-resignations Lyons, S., (2012). Why the law should intervene to disrupt pay-secrecy norms: Analyzing the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act through the lens of social norms. online Available at:  http://www.columbia.edu/cu/jlsp/pdf/ Spring2013/Lyons.pdf Pearsall B, (2013). 50 Years after the Equal Pay Act, Parity Eludes Us . online Available at: http://www.aauw.org/article/50-years-after-the-equal-pay-act-parity-eludes-us/ Sorock, C.E., 2010. Closing the Gap Legislatively: Consequences of the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act. online Available at: http://scholarship.kentlaw.iit.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article= 3772=cklawreview The House of Commons, (2016). How parental leave can reduce the gender pay gap . online Available at: http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201516/cmselec t/cmwomeq /584/584.pdf Williams M, (2013). 40% of fathers do not take paternity leave . online Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/careers/fathers-choose-not-to-take-paternity-leave World economic forum, (2016).Rankings. online Available at: http://reports.weforum.org /global-gender-gap-report-2015/rankings/