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Obesity is a serious medical condition which threats to children
and adolescents. People in the obese category are above the normal weight for
their age and height. It also affects the psychology of the child, causing
feelings of fear, inferiority, afraid to interact with others. Even growing up
if you continue to maintain such weight can cause mental disorders. Obviously,
obesity is not just a matter of weight and appearance, it also has serious
consequences that directly affect their life. Therefore, it is essential to
find the factors that contribute to development of child and teen obesity and
then give measures and strategies to have a healthy lifestyle.

  First and foremost, dietary
factors play a role in the risk of obesity development. It includes fast food consumption, sugary
beverages, snack foods, and portion sizes. Today’s kids and teens are not just learning at school, but
they are also busy with outgoing activities, playing sports or going to work to
enhance some soft skills. Therefore, they do not have enough time to prepare a
full meal, that is the reason for fast food with cheap prices is a top
priority. This food has a
very attractive flavor, stimulates the taste makes them eat uncontrollably. However,
it contains very high calories. A
large fast food meal can contain about 2 200 calories, which at a burn rate of
85–100 calories per mile would require something near a full marathon to expend
(Anderson et al., 2003). The body will store the
extra energy as fat. That similarly happens when they regularly use sugary
drinks including soft drinks and fruit juice. Portion sizes tend to be
substantially larger, and this may confound the dietary methodologies that they
have. Frequently eating these foods will
increase the amount of total calorie intake leading to being obese rapidly.

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  Additionally, lack of physical activity is
another important factor related to obesity. Many children and teenagers study at
school that involve sitting at a desk for most of the day ,so they become lazy
to move from one place to another place by walking or cycling even short
distance. Instead of going out, they always choose to stay at home and watch TV.
This brings two disadvantages. Not only do they not work to burn excess
calories in the body but also want to eat more when watching the advertisements
on television.

  Last but not least, genetic factors also promote child and
teen obesity. Many
researchers believe that genetics plays a strong role in determining whether an
individual has weight problems. Studies have found a correlation between parent
and child obesity, although such a correlation may be due either to genetic or
common environmental factors. In spite of some rare genetic conditions that can
provoke obesity, but there’s no
reason why most people can’t lose weight. Some people assert there’s no point trying to lose
weight because “it runs in my family” or “it’s in my
genes”. It may be true that certain genetic traits inherited from your
parents which may make losing weight more difficult, but it certainly doesn’t
make it impossibleObesity levels  are on the rise within upcoming generations and
if current trends continue, the predictions for future health of children would
not hopeful. It is indicated that this could be the first generation where
children die before their parents as a result of obesity ( the House of Commons
Health Committee, 2004). Obese children and teenagers suffer from both
short-term and long-term social and psychological troubles, and also health impacts.

First of all, the social problems owning to obesity are putting great
pressure on emotional development of children and adolescents. Overweight and
obese children are more likely to have difficulty in crowded places, especially
when facing social gatherings. They will become the center of attention, lots
of surrounding people taunt and poke fun of them. Some of children suffer from
discrimination and stigmatization when studying at school that brings about many
emotional problems like anxiety, fear and depression. In the relationships of
friends, the presence of overweight people makes them feel ashamed and
uncomfortable. Due to the these problems, obese children become alone and they
hide themselves in their cocoons ( How obesity affects your life, 2013, para.
2). They are not treated equally as normal people, even in some cases they are
also discriminated. Therefore, those children have very few friends, if having,
many of their friends would be children with the same disease that leads to
negative reactions to psychology, learning achievements as well as personality
development into adulthood. Accordingly, they needs a lot of confidence to face
the world with obesity. It is reported that ” children who are overweight have
two to four times increased odds of having low scores for psychosocial health,
self-esteem, and physical functioning” (Friedlander et al., 2003) . Another
study also indicated  that obese children
and adolescents have significant impairment in physical, psychosocial,
emotional, social, and school functioning, which was 5.5 times more than that
for normal
ones (Schwimmer et al., 2003). These destructive factors above,  children and teenagers with weight problems
may have fewer opportunities in school, and smaller social circle as a
consequence, they have less education, lower incomes and higher poverty