Objective Coastal alluvium 735 Bajra, cotton, Jowar,Objective Coastal alluvium 735 Bajra, cotton, Jowar,

Objective I: To review the present
status of animal feed sector in Gujarat

The state of Gujarat lies in the western region of
India and is bordered by Rajasthan in the north, Madhya Pradesh in the east,
Maharashtra in south and Arabian Sea and Pakistan border in the west. The state
is spread over an area of 196,204 Km 2. Gujarat is one of the
leading producers of cotton, groundnut and tobacco and castor in India. Other
major crops grown in the state include sugarcane, dates, rice, wheat, pearl
millet, sorghum, maize, gram, and pigeon pea.

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Table 14:
Basic Profile of Gujarat

Particulars

Value

Area

196,024 Km2

Total population

60.4 million

Rural population

57.4 %

Number of Districts

33*

Total number of Villages

18225

* Seven new districts were carved out from the
existing 26 districts in 2013

Gujarat has been divided into eight agro-ecological
zones. The larger part has dry climatic characteristics. The rainfall in the
state varies from 340 in the north-west arid region to 1793 in south Gujarat
region. The crop and the soil features are briefly presented in Table
15.

Table
15:
Agro-Ecological Zones of Gujarat

Zone

District

Climate

Soil

Rainfall
(mm)

Crop

North-West arid 

Kutch

Arid to semi-arid 

Grey brown, deltaic alluvium 

340 

Bajra, groundnut, Jowar, cotton 

Rajkot

Surendranagar

Patan

Banaskantha

Ahmedabad

South Gujarat 

Navsari

Semi-arid to dry sub-humid 

Deep black, coastal alluvium 

974 

Jowar, Arhar, cotton, wheat 

Tapi

Surat

Bharuch

Narmada

South Gujarat (heavy rainfall) 

Dangs

Semi-arid to dry sub-humid 

Deep black, coastal alluvium 

1793 

Rice, Ragi, sugarcane, Jowar 

Valsad

Navsari

Tapi

Surat

South Saurashtra 

Junagadh

Dry sub-humid 
 

Coastal alluvium, medium black 
 

844 

Groundnut, Wheat, Bajra, cotton 
 

Bhavnagar

Amreli

Rajkot

Porbandar

Gir Somnath

North Saurashtra 

Jamnagar

Dry sub-humid 
 
 
 

Medium black 
 
 
 

537 
 
 
 

Bajra, Jowar, groundnut, cotton 
 
 
 

Rajkot

Surendranagar

Bhavnagar

Morbi

Botad

Devbhumi Dwarka

Middle Gujarat 

Panchmahals

Semi-arid 
 
 

Medium black 
 
 

904 
 

Rice, Maize, Bajra, cotton 
 
 

Vadodara

Bharuch

Anand

Dahod

Narmada

Chhota Udepur

Mahisagar

North Gujarat 

Sabarkantha

Arid to semi-arid 
 

Grey brown, Coastal alluvium 
 

735 
 

Bajra, cotton, Jowar, wheat 
 

Ahmedabad

Gandhinagar

Anand

Kheda

Mahesana

Patan

Banaskantha

Aravali

Bhal & Coastal area

Bharuch

 Arid to semi-arid 

Medium black and saline

625-1000

Rice, pearl millet

Anand

Surat

Ahmedabad

Bhavnagar

Surendranagar

(Source:
Agriculture and Co-operation department, Gujarat)

The
importance of livestock sector can be recognized by the fact that it
contributes around one-fifth to the GSDP of agriculture and allied sector in
Gujarat. And is consistently contributing around 20 percent towards agriculture
and allied sector of the state. Agriculture and allied sector includes crop,
fishery and forestry apart from livestock. Livestock farming is considered to
be one of the main source of livelihood for the landless as well as small and
marginal farmers in India.

 

Table
16:
Share of livestock sector in GSDP of Gujarat

Item

2011-12

2012-13

2013-14

2014-15

2015-16

GSDP (? billion)

6156.06

6826.50

7342.84

7915.69

8643.14

Agriculture and allied (? billion)

1073.64

925.59

1171.37

1165.79

1150.93

Livestock (? billion)

185.05

192.99

209.81

221.66

236.73

Share of livestock in Ag (%)

17.24

20.85

17.91

19.01

20.57

Share of livestock in GSDP (%)

3.01

2.83

2.86

2.80

2.74

(Source: Computed by Author by using
Data from NITI Aayog, GOI)

Animal husbandry and particularly dairying plays a
pivotal role in the economy of the state. Gujarat stands in number three in
terms of milk production. The total milk production of 12.26 MT is 7.89 percent
of the country’s milk production. The top five states contribute more than half
of the total milk production. The contribution of buffalo towards the state’s
milk production stands at 55 percent which clearly shows the importance of
buffalo among the dairy animals. This is more than the share of buffalo towards
milk production at the national level.