constitute the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia, hitherto the Oromo people have
suffered systematic discrimination and oppression under the Ethiopia’s federal experiment.
An upheaval against tyranny of the
current Ethiopian regime, to be free from a century old age subjugation and
The major questions of the
are demanding two major questions:
Based the principle of the
federalism, the demand, genuine shared-rule
and Self-rule. Shared-rule, sharing all
political power equally at the centre and Self-rule, full autonomy of the
people at local level. It is the question of self –determination.
A question of Self-rule, and shared in their areas of
influence, having a full control of once own natural resources without external
interferences (resisting too much control of the Federal government over the
region). Requesting Federal Bilingualism (Making Afan Oromo the working federal
Language alongside Amharic).
Peaceful transformation: Oromos
are demanding freedom, justice and peace. Transfer of political power
peacefully through fair, free and periodic election. People need to enjoy
liberty. They want to see a true and genuine federalism as has been dictated by
the FDRE Constitution. The right to life
with dignity and equality of all ethnic groups in Ethiopia in the arena
speaking the Oromo people for the last 100 years and mainly in the past three
years in an organized and energetic way are demanding, SELF-DETERMINATION,
FREEDOM, JUSTICE AND EQUALITY. More
specifically, they are demanding the end of:
Land grabbing and land dispossession
Physical ill-treatment and social
Population decline and economic
Codified discrimination and
In short, it is a quest for freedom, control of a resource
and internal self-governance.
The trigger for the Protesters:
The main trigger for the protesters the so-called “Addis
Master Plan,” which they refer to as the “Master Killer.”
According to the 1995 FDRE
Constitution, Article 49) Addis Ababa aka
Finfinne became the capital city of the Federal government at the same time as the
seat of Oromia regional state. Addis Ababa is located in the Oromia state, but, the Oromos
are claiming as it was unjustly made an
independent federal region. It is connected with the
Oromia region in all circles. Article 49 Sub-Article 5 of the constitution granted
special rights for Oromia to get special advantage from Addis Ababa as it is
the heartland of Oromia. According to the constitution, Article 49 Sub-Article 5,
“The special interest of the State of Oromia in AddisAbaba, regarding the
provision of social services or the utilization of natural resources and other
similar matters, as well as joint administrative matters arising from the
location of Addis Ababa within the State of Oromia, shall be respected.
Particulars shall be determined by law”. Nonetheless, there are critiques that
Oromia has not hitherto benefited from Addis Ababa.
Several literatures and
Oromo activists were criticizing that Addis Ababa has forcefully encroached into Oromia, evicted indigenous Oromo farmers from their inherited
lands with less/no compensations far below the value at which the government
resell using the lease policy for investors.
The Addis Ababa Integrated Master
Plan, according to the government, is proposing to construct integrated urban
development between Addis Ababa city administration and Oromia towns
surrounding the capital city such as Holota, Managaesha, Burayu, Dukam,
Bishoftu, Galan, Sabata, Alemgaena Sululta, Laga-Xafo Laga-Dadhi, and other
semi-urban centres bordering these towns. From this perspective, the government
tries to circulate its development programs by presenting to the public the advantages
of the plan in terms of infrastructural and social provisions. However, the Oromo,
even including some members of the OPDO officials1
criticizes that the is just a systematic scheme of incorporating Oromia towns
in Addis Ababa.2
Therefore, this plan added fuel
into the angry Oromo people from a century subjugation and systematic
discrimination from political power under the federal structure and the popular
dissidents erupted in 2014.
Television, Addis Ababa-Finfinnee
surrounding master plan faces fierce opposition from Oromos, including OPDO
officials, available on https://youtu.be/MrWs8yJh5mY?t=11
see the detail, Asebe
Regassa Debelo, Why do the Oromo Resist the Master Plan?
Why do the Oromo Resist the Master Plan?
accessed on Sep..2/2017