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During September of 1792 in Paris, France, the September massacres raged on. Parisian mobs gained a lot of power and influence in Paris due to these attacks. People feared an anti-revolutionary uprise or invasion, and killed any who were believed to be anti revolutionary in Parisian prisons, because those in the prisons were assumed to dislike the new government, as they were why most of the prisoners remained in jail. “There was a fear that foreign and royalist armies would attack Paris and that the inmates of the city’s prisons would be freed and join them. Radicals called for preemptive action, especially journalist Jean-Paul Marat, who called on draftees to kill the prisoners before they could be freed. The action was undertaken by mobs of National Guardsmen and some fédérés” (Tackett, Timothy). This shows that the people of France, particularly Paris, supported their new government, and so they were willing to resort to violence to protect the new government and what it stood for. The Parisian government supported this and went as far as to urge other cities to follow in these ideas and take preemptive action against prisoners. “The actions taken by the Parisian mob were tolerated by the city government, the Paris Commune, which called on other cities to follow suit” (Tackett, Timothy). The Paris Commune would have supported this action because it protected them and the government of all of France, and it was a show of strength of the country’s people, possibly discouraging any type of uprising or outside invasion. The massacres and the tolerance showed by the government also displays the freedom that the masses were now granted, a luxury they were not given under the ancient regime and its absolute rulers.  The most targeted people were actually the clergy, and “by 6 September, half the prison population of Paris had been summarily executed- some 1200 to 1400 prisoners. Of these, 233 were non-juring Catholic priests who refused to submit to the Civil Constitution of the Clergy” (Tackett, Timothy). This shows that the Parisian mobs, and generally the masses of France, understood how much power the Church could hold, and that clergy that were incarcerated for not submitting to the new government would most likely be disdainful towards it, being the most likely to participate in some sort of uprising, and a Church-led overthrow of the government would be detrimental to the rights of the people, as had been observed during the medieval period. It can be said that the September massacres accomplished nothing except creating violence and fear within an already volatile country, however, this event showed that the masses of France were satisfied with the change in the country,  and were willing to, by any means possible, protect their government and their rights, and they were listened to, supported, and aided by the government for the first time, even though it was through violence and greatly motivated by fear. 

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