Pepe role between Adela and Angustias. Again,

Pepe el Romano is like all the other men in the village; he
was never seen on stage. The present of Romano plays an important role between
Adela and Angustias. Again, Pepe is the catalyst of the play’s main conflict.

He is the hero between the freedom of the sisters. Blinded by his charm, the
sisters, Adela and Augustias, they never recognize his abhorrent behavior. By
bringing the possibility of marriage to the Alba household, not only offered
sexual freedom but also freedom from the tyranny of Bernarda. Correspondingly,
his effects upon women in this play is a representation of a male license to
misbehave and to treat women as objects, that is granted by women themselves.

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He is giving too power for him to ever live up to it. Desperately searching for
freedom, the chains of repression weights all the sisters down eventually lead
to a tragic ending with one of the sisters.  

In addition, Adela represent the example of repression. Just
like her other sisters trying to explore their sexual passion. Adela
internalize her lust which eventually turns into bitterness. What Adela wants
more than Pepe or to fulfil her sexuality to be free of shackles, of moral
strictures, and of expectations. For example, in open rebellion, Adela cries,
“I can’t be locked up… I don’t want my skin’s whiteness lost in these rooms.

Tomorrow I’m going to put on my green dress and go walk through the streets. I
want to go out!” Refusing to be confined, refusing her mother orders was to
specifically wear black and unwilling to sublimate her desire. She eventually
began a relationship with Pepe. Willingly to bring humiliation and harm of a
public affair with Pepe. She attempted to combat her limitations, as a woman, defeated
by her mother, the real antagonist to Adela, and discovered she will never be
united with Pepe she goes too far and she commits suicide to avoid a life of
confinement. This tragic ending where Adela equates repression: causing people
to suffer, which ultimately makes us ugly people.

         When Bernarda found out about Adela
death, a rare moment from Bernarda, it brought sadness and guilt. Focused on what
people think about her. She loses sight of what really matter, her daughters.  Townspeople where so dedicated to gossip it
caused an unborn life to be taking away and her child committing suicide. She
reinforces repression because she used her cane and her patriarchal order to
force a repressive life on her daughters. However, Bernarda thought she was
doing the right thing by keep her daughters from the repressed world that
punishes women for their sexuality, so she stood by these values by showing
characteristics of a man in a household. She believed that her daughter did not
have what it takes to survive the outside world she thought she was keeping
them safe of these tragedy of conformity and repression, but ironically, she
was the most repressive in this playwright we view how perturbed she was when
they announced Adela death.

On the contrary of repression, is the idea individual
freedom. However, the serve cost repression, Adela taking her life away, her
desire for freedom to flourished. She was eccentric with her own ideas of love
and life. As we read in the play, her attempt to flaunt her individuality, the
example I provided above, Adela expressing to her sister, Magdalena, how she
wanted to get out and green dress is a symbolic representation as her way
expressing individuality hoping someday she will be freed. She speaks out
against Bernarda strict rules. Adela: “(facing her)” shouting, “There’ll be an
end to prison voices here! (Adela snatches away her mother’s cane and breaks it
in two) This is what I do with tyrant’s cane!” Her admirable moment showcase her
standing up against some common practice worldwide women that are under
patriarchal orders.

Another example of individuality is Bernarda mother, Maria
Josefa. She is freedom. She is wisdom through the madness.  Even though Bernarda had her locked up, she was
the outlet in imagined sexuality while she had retreat her own fantasies. For
instance, “I escaped her because I want to get married, because I wish to marry
a handsome young man from the seashore: here the men run away women.” Also, Lorca
portrays her as a certain innocent character as using the lamb as baby. In the
scene with her granddaughter, Martirio, she addressed the female desire to have
a baby. Implied that it is not motherhood that draws her towards having a baby,
but rather the sexuality. However, the lamb she is holding equates her sexuality
with innocence, crying out to be freed from Bernarda’s tranny. Furthermore, she
does not equate with Pepe with innocence, but rather with danger. Stating he
will devour them all because they are all infatuated with him. Being repressed
can block the happiness enable the experience of imagination, as she wishes to
go far away. As she implies to her granddaughter, they will be devoured because
they cannot properly appreciate the way sexuality can bring release.

In conclusion, Lorca playwright portrays how criticism from
society is a direct representation of Fascist’s control and rebellion against
Fascist leaders. Lorca elaborate how inequality between the sexes, the
ignorance of society, women are held to a higher standard than men. Lorca put
some symbols in the play to represent society he faced himself throughout the
play. In this playwright, he provided insight of feminism roles and explores
repression, individuality, passion, and the inspect of men upon women. The
dictatorship of their mother who was more concerned about the family reputation
than family welfare caused the sisters to hate each other which included from
the sisters:  jealousy, depression,
bitterness, spiteful, and rebellious. However, with Pepe el Romano he played as
a main conflict between the sisters.  Even
though he was not good man, Pepe was the sister ticket not only for desire for
sexual freedom, but mainly freedom from their mother strict values of the
repressed world.  Bernarda reinforces
repression by keeping her children from exploring the truth about conformity
and repression. As of Adela, her mother strong beliefs and the abandonment of
Pepe lead to a tragic ending because she rather be free than to live a
confinement life. In a rare moment, Bernarda is distraught over her daughter
death.  The important of individuality is
carried a long way. Adela and Maria expressing thoughts on freedom while Maria
using her imagination to explore what freedom might be like and Adela goes
against her mother orders by wearing a green dress. Above all, desperate for
freedom they were not able to realize their true personality. The cost of
repression was clear on Lorca writing with tragic deaths at the beginning and
the end. Despite, Lorca never got to see his play in action but his play
brought critical success and continues to resonate across cultures.

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